San Francisco de Asis Mission Church
|San Francisco de Asis Mission Church|
Mission Church of Ranchos de Taos
|Location||The Plaza of Ranchos de Taos, New Mexico
|U.S. National Historic Landmark|
|Added to NRHP:||April 15, 1970|
|NRHP Reference No.||70000416|
|Designated as NHL:||April 15, 1970|
San Francisco de Asis Mission Church is a church built between 1772 and 1816. It is located on the plaza in Ranchos de Taos, itself a historic district named Ranchos de Taos Plaza, about four miles southwest of the town of Taos, New Mexico.
Construction on the church began around 1772 and was completed in 1815 by Franciscan Fathers and its patron is Saint Francis of Assisi. It is made of adobe as are many of the Spanish missions in New Mexico. It was the center of the fortified Ranchos de Taos Plaza for protection against Comanche attackers.
It is located a few miles south of Taos Pueblo and has inspired among the greatest number of depictions of any building in the United States. It was the subject of several paintings by Georgia O'Keeffe, and photographs by Ansel Adams, Paul Strand and Ned Scott. Georgia O'Keeffe described it as, "one of the most beautiful buildings left in the United States by the early Spaniards." The Taos Chamber of Commerce states that the building is "one of the most photographed and painted churches in the world".
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15.
- "San Francisco de Asis Mission Church". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
- Hooker, Van Dorn. Centuries of Hands: An Architectural History of St. Francis of Assisi Church, p15. Sunstone Press (1996), ISBN 0-86534-234-2.
- Ranchos de Taos. The Columbia Gazetteer of North America. 2000
- Charles C. Eldredge (1993). Georgia O'Keeffe: American and Modern, p198. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-05581-1.
- Marc Treib (1 January 1993). Sanctuaries of Spanish New Mexico. University of California Press. pp. 188–192. ISBN 978-0-520-06420-1.
- 1971.16 | Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, Texas
- Georgia O'Keeffe - Learning
- "Pilgrimage to the Mission Churches" (PDF). Taos Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2012-12-10.
- Charles W. Snell (May 1, 1968) National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: San Francisco de Assisi Mission Church, National Park Service and Accompanying photos, exterior and interior, from 19
- Spirit and Vision: Images of Ranchos de Taos Church. 1987, Museum of New Mexico Press. ISBN 0-89013-170-8. 80 images of the church, from a 1982 exhibition at the Museum of Fine Arts, Santa Fe.
- Marc Treib (1 January 1993). Sanctuaries of Spanish New Mexico. University of California Press. pp. 192–195. ISBN 978-0-520-06420-1.
- Media related to Rancho de Taos church at Wikimedia Commons
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. NM-7, "Mission Church of Ranchos de Taos, Ranchos de Taos, Taos County, NM", 12 photos, 2 color transparencies, 33 measured drawings, 6 data pages, 2 photo caption pages
- Vintage Ranchos de Taos Photos by Ned Scott