|Producer||FAPESP - BIREME (Brazil)|
|Languages||English, Portuguese, Spanish|
|Record depth||Index, abstract & full-text|
|Format coverage||Academic journal articles|
|Geospatial coverage||South America|
|Number of records||239,628|
SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online) is a bibliographic database of open access journals and a model for cooperative electronic publishing in developing countries, originally from Brazil. SciELO is supported by the FAPESP (Foundation for Research Support of the State of São Paulo) and the CNPq (National Council of Scientific and Technological Development), in partnership with BIREME (the Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information).
Across the portal www.SciELO.org that integrates and provides access to the SciELO network sites, the users can realize searches in the whole SciELO collections or to level of a country especially.
Database and projects
In January 2014 the database contains,
- 1.149 open access scientific journals
- 32.087 issues (journal numbers)
- 469.957 scientific articles
- 10.355.923 citations (sum of number of items at each article's reference list)
from different countries in free and universal access, full-text format. The SciELO Project's stated aims are to "envisage the development of a common methodology for the preparation, storage, dissemination and evaluation of scientific literature in electronic format." All journals are published by a special software suite which implements a scientific electronic virtual library accessed via several mechanisms, including a table of titles in alphabetic and subject list, subject and author indexes and a search engine.
Today there are eight countries in the network SciELO, and its journal collections: Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Spain, Mexico, Peru, Portugal, South Africa and Venezuela. There are other development initiatives: Paraguay and Uruguay.
Projects's launch timeline
- 1997: Beginning of the development of SciELO as a FAPESP supported project in partnership with BIREME.
- 1998: SciELO goes live.
- 2002: the CNPq also began its support SciELO.
- 200X: Chile joined as regional collection, project supported by CONICYT.
- 2012: the SciELO Books project is launched.
In 2013 South American SciELO project completed 15 years of free publishing. Open access has long emphasized access to scholarly materials. However, open access can also mean access to the means of producing visible and recognized journals. This issue is particularly important in developing and emergent countries, where are other benefits of and challenges for publishing scientific journals in and by emerging countries.
In the SciELO portals, received JATS-articles are converted via XSLT to HTML, and "SGML+HTML pack" articles use the HTML content (in general a handmade PDF-to-HTML conversion). This process may reveal errors that are reported back to the publisher for correction. Graphics are also converted to standard formats and sizes. The original and converted forms are archived. The converted form is moved into a relational database, along with associated files for graphics, multimedia, or other associated data. Many publishers also provide PDF of their articles, and these are made available without change.
Bibliographic citations are (SGML or XML) parsed and automatically linked to the associated articles in SciELO and resources on publishers' Web sites. Unresolvable references, such as to journals or particular articles not yet available at one of these sources, are tracked in the database and automatically come "live" when the resources become available.
An in-house indexing system provides search capability.
- List of academic databases and search engines
- Some journals on SciELO, that have also an enter at Wikipedia:
- Academic Journals cited by Wikipedia
- SciELO: SciELO in numbers. Accessed 15 February 2014.
- The SciELO 15 Years Conference is a milestone in SciELO’s History. SciELO in Perspective. [viewed 15 February 2014]. Available from scielo.org.
- Van Noorden, R. (2013). "Brazil fêtes open-access site". Nature 502 (7472): 418. doi:10.1038/502418a. PMID 24153270.
- Packer, Abel L. The SciELO Open Access: A Gold Way from the South. Canadian Journal of Higher Education Vol 39, No 3, 2009, pages 111–126
- Meneghini, R. (2012). "Emerging journals". EMBO reports 13 (2): 106–108. doi:10.1038/embor.2011.252. PMC 3271339. PMID 22240975.