Scophthalmidae

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Scophthalmidae
Psetta maxima.JPG
Scophthalmus maximus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Pleuronectiformes
Suborder: Pleuronectoidei
Family: Scophthalmidae
Genera[1]

Lepidorhombus
Phrynorhombus
Scophthalmus
Zeugopterus

The Scophthalmidae are a family of flatfish found in the North Atlantic Ocean, Baltic Sea, Mediterranean Sea, and Black Sea.[2] Fish of this family are known commonly as turbots,[1][3] though this name can refer specifically to Scophthalmus maximus, as well.

Cladistic analysis reveals that this family is a monophyletic group.[2]

Of the nine species, the largest reaches 1 m (3 ft 3 in) in length. Some species in the family are fished commercially.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). "Scophthalmidae" in FishBase. December 2012 version.
  2. ^ a b Chanet, B. (2003). Interrelationships of scophthalmid fishes (Pleuronectiformes: Scopththalmidae). Cybium 27(4) 275-86.
  3. ^ eol - Encyclopedia of Life taxon Scophthalmidae at http://www.eol.org.