United States Secretary of Commerce

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Secretary of Commerce of the United States of America
Flag of the United States Secretary of Commerce.svg
Flag of the Secretary of Commerce
US-DeptOfCommerce-Seal.svg
Seal of the Department of Commerce
Penny Pritzker official portrait.jpg
Incumbent
Penny Pritzker

since June 26, 2013
U.S. Department of Commerce
Member of Cabinet
Reports to The President
Seat Washington, D.C.
Appointer The President
Term length No fixed term
Constituting instrument 15 U.S.C. § 1501
Formation March 15, 1913
First holder William Cox Redfield
Succession Ninth
(presidential line of succession)
Deputy Deputy Secretary of Commerce
Salary Executive Schedule, level 1
Website www.commerce.gov
The Commerce Secretary's office as it looked in the mid-20th century.

The United States Secretary of Commerce is the head of the United States Department of Commerce. The Secretary is appointed by the President of the United States with the advice and consent of the United States Senate and serves at the President's pleasure. A member of the President's Cabinet, the Secretary is concerned with promoting American businesses and industries; the Department states its mission to be "to foster, promote, and develop the foreign and domestic commerce".[1]

Until 1913 there was one Secretary of Commerce and Labor, uniting this department with the Department of Labor, which is now headed by a separate Secretary of Labor.[2]

The 38th Secretary of Commerce is Penny Pritzker, who was appointed by President Barack Obama on June 26, 2013.[3]

List of Secretaries of Commerce[edit]

Parties

      No party       Democratic       Republican

Status
  Denotes acting Commerce Secretary
No. Portrait Name State of Residence Took Office Left Office President(s)
1 WilliamCoxRedfield.jpg William C. Redfield New York March 5, 1913 October 31, 1919 Woodrow Wilson
2 JoshuaWillisAlexander.jpg Joshua W. Alexander Missouri December 16, 1919 March 4, 1921
3 HerbertHoover.jpg Herbert C. Hoover California March 5, 1921 August 21, 1928 Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
4 WilliamFairfieldWhiting.jpg William F. Whiting Massachusetts August 22, 1928 March 4, 1929
5 RobertPattersonLamont.jpg Robert P. Lamont Illinois March 5, 1929 August 7, 1932 Herbert C. Hoover
6 RobertDikemanChapin.jpg Roy D. Chapin Michigan August 8, 1932 March 3, 1933
7 Daniel Calhoun Roper pers0178.jpg Daniel C. Roper South Carolina March 4, 1933 December 23, 1938 Franklin D. Roosevelt
8 Harry Lloyd Hopkins.jpg Harry L. Hopkins New York December 24, 1938 September 18, 1940
9 Jesse Holman Jones pers0174.jpg Jesse H. Jones Texas September 19, 1940 March 1, 1945
10 HenryAgardWallace.jpg Henry A. Wallace Iowa March 2, 1945 September 20, 1946
Harry S. Truman
- Alfred Schindler
(acting)
September 20, 1946 October 7, 1946
11 William Averell Harriman.png W. Averell Harriman New York October 7, 1946 April 22, 1948
12 CharlesSawyer.jpg Charles W. Sawyer Ohio May 6, 1948 January 20, 1953
13 CharlesSinclairWeeks.jpg Sinclair Weeks Massachusetts January 21, 1953 November 10, 1958 Dwight D. Eisenhower
- Lewis Lichtenstein Strauss pers0164.jpg Lewis L. Strauss
(acting)
West Virginia November 13, 1958 June 30, 1959
14 Frederick Henry Mueller pers0162.jpg Frederick H. Mueller Michigan June 30, 1959 August 10, 1959
August 10, 1959 January 19, 1961
15 Luther Hartwell Hodges.jpg Luther H. Hodges North Carolina January 21, 1961 January 15, 1965 John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
16 JohnThomasConnor.jpg John T. Connor New Jersey January 18, 1965 January 31, 1967
17 AlexanderBuelTrowbridge.jpg Alexander B. Trowbridge New York January 31, 1967 June 14, 1967
June 14, 1967 March 1, 1968
18 Cyrus Rowlett Smith pers0154.jpg Cyrus R. Smith New York March 6, 1968 January 19, 1969
19 Maurice Stans.jpg Maurice H. Stans New York January 21, 1969 February 15, 1972 Richard Nixon
20 PeterGeorgePeterson.jpg Peter G. Peterson Illinois February 29, 1972 February 1, 1973
21 FrederickBailyDent.jpg Frederick B. Dent South Carolina February 2, 1973 March 26, 1975
Gerald Ford
22 RogersClarkBallardMorton.jpg Rogers C. B. Morton Maryland May 1, 1975 February 2, 1976
23 ElliotLeeRichardson.jpg Elliot L. Richardson Massachusetts February 2, 1976 January 20, 1977
24 Kreps-juanita-morris.png Juanita M. Kreps North Carolina January 23, 1977 October 31, 1979 Jimmy Carter
- Luther H. Hodges, Jr.
(acting)
North Carolina October 31, 1979 January 9, 1980
25 PhilipMorrisKlutznick.jpg Philip M. Klutznick Illinois January 9, 1980 January 20, 1981
26 Malcolm Baldridge pers0138.jpg Malcolm Baldrige Connecticut January 20, 1981 July 25, 1987 Ronald Reagan
- Bud Brown 97th Congress 1981.jpg Clarence J. Brown Jr.
(acting)
Ohio July 25, 1987 October 19, 1987
27 CalvinWilliamVerity.jpg C. William Verity, Jr. Ohio October 19, 1987 January 30, 1989
28 RobertAdamMosbacher.jpg Robert A. Mosbacher Texas January 31, 1989 January 15, 1992 George H. W. Bush
- Rockwell A. Schnabel
(acting)
January 15, 1992 February 27, 1992
29 BarbaraHackmanFranklin.jpg Barbara H. Franklin Pennsylvania February 27, 1992 January 20, 1993
30 RonBrownUS.JPG Ronald H. Brown New York January 22, 1993 April 3, 1996 Bill Clinton
31 MichaelKantor.jpg Mickey Kantor Tennessee April 12, 1996 January 21, 1997
32 DaleyWilliam.jpg William M. Daley Illinois January 30, 1997 July 19, 2000
- MallettRobert.jpg Robert L. Mallett
(acting)
July 19, 2000 July 21, 2000
33 NormanYoshioMineta.jpg Norman Y. Mineta California July 21, 2000 January 20, 2001
34 Donald Evans.jpg Donald L. Evans Texas January 20, 2001 February 7, 2005 George W. Bush
35 Carlos Gutierrez official portrait.jpg Carlos M. Gutierrez Florida February 7, 2005 January 20, 2009
- WolffOtto-c.jpg Otto J. Wolff
(acting)
January 20, 2009 March 26, 2009 Barack Obama
36 Gary Locke official portrait.jpg Gary F. Locke Washington March 26, 2009 August 1, 2011
- U s blank official photo-191x235.jpg Rebecca M. Blank
(acting)
Minnesota August 1, 2011 October 21, 2011
37 John Bryson official portrait.jpg John E. Bryson New York October 21, 2011 June 11, 2012
- U s blank official photo-191x235.jpg Rebecca M. Blank
(acting)
Minnesota June 11, 2012 June 1, 2013
- Cameron Kerry official portrait.jpeg Cameron Kerry
(acting)
Massachusetts June 1, 2013 June 26, 2013
38 Penny Pritzker official portrait.jpg Penny Pritzker Illinois June 26, 2013 Incumbent

Source: Department of Commerce: Secretaries

Living former Secretaries of Commerce[edit]

As of October 2014, there are ten living former Secretaries of Commerce, the oldest being Frederick B. Dent (1973-1975, born 1922). The most recent Secretary of Commerce to die was Juanita M. Kreps (1977-1979), on July 5, 2010.

Name Term of office Date of birth
Peter G. Peterson 1972–1973 (1926-06-05) June 5, 1926 (age 88)
Frederick B. Dent 1973–1975 (1922-08-17) August 17, 1922 (age 92)
Barbara H. Franklin 1992–1993 (1940-03-04) March 4, 1940 (age 74)
Mickey Kantor 1996–1997 (1939-08-07) August 7, 1939 (age 75)
William M. Daley 1997–2000 (1948-08-09) August 9, 1948 (age 66)
Norman Mineta 2000-2001 (1931-11-12) November 12, 1931 (age 82)
Donald Evans 2001-2005 (1946-07-27) July 27, 1946 (age 68)
Carlos M. Gutierrez 2005-2009 (1953-11-04) November 4, 1953 (age 60)
Gary F. Locke 2009-2011 (1950-01-21) January 21, 1950 (age 64)
John Bryson 2011-2012 (1943-07-24) July 24, 1943 (age 71)

Line of Succession[edit]

The line of succession for the Secretary of Commerce is as follows:[4]

  1. Deputy Secretary of Commerce
  2. General Counsel of the Department of Commerce
  3. Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade
  4. Under Secretary of Commerce for Economic Affairs
  5. Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  6. Under Secretary of Commerce for Technology
  7. Under Secretary of Commerce for Export Administration
  8. Chief Financial Officer of the Department of Commerce and Assistant Secretary of Commerce in charge of Administration
  9. Assistant Secretary for Legislative and Intergovernmental Affairs

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Department of Commerce, Directives Management Program". Retrieved September 22, 2007. 
  2. ^ "Milestones". U.S. Department of Commerce. Retrieved October 2, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Penny Pritzker Sworn in as 38th Secretary of Commerce". Retrieved 26 June 2013. 
  4. ^ "Executive Order on Succession at the Department of Commerce". Retrieved September 22, 2007. 
United States presidential line of succession
Preceded by
Secretary of Agriculture
Tom Vilsack
10th in line Succeeded by
Secretary of Labor
Thomas Perez