Sergey Martinson

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Sergey Martinson
Sergei Martinson.jpg
Born Sergei Aleksandrovich Martinson
7 February [O.S. 25 January] 1899
St. Petersburg, Russian Empire
Died 2 September 1984(1984-09-02) (aged 85)
Moscow, USSR
Occupation Actor

Sergey Alexandrovich Martinson (Russian: Серге́й Александрович Мартинсон; 7 February [O.S. 25 January] 1899 – 2 September 1984) was a Russian eccentric comic actor, the master of pantomime, buffoonery and grotesque. He became People's Artist of the RSFSR in 1964.

Sergey Alexandrovich Martinson was born in Saint Petersburg in the family of a nobleman of Swedish descent. His parents adored theater and took their son to many performances. As a schoolboy, Sergey played in a theatrical studio.

After one year of education in the Technological institute, he decided to become a professional actor. At the entrance exams he read Boris Godunov's monologue from Pushkin's play. The exam board roared with laughter, but refused to accept him. He later joined the theatrical institute from a second attempt.

Martinson worked in several theaters. In 1924–1941 he played in the Theatre of the Revolution. In 1925–1926, 1929–1933, 1937–1938 he was the leading actor of Vsevolod Meyerhold's theatre. He was cast by Meyerhold in the plays The Government Inspector, Mandate and others. From 1933 to 1936 he worked in the music hall. From 1945 until his death Martinson was a film actor.

He was mainly a comic actor and seldom appeared in dramatic roles. One of these was the role of Karandyshev in Alexander Ostrovsky's play Without a Dowry, staged by Yury Zavadsky. Martinson's career in film started in 1924, when he played his first role of Poincare in the film of the Adventures of Oktyabrina.

Martinson was the first in the Soviet cinema to play Hitler in the Sergei Yutkevich film The New Adventures of Soldier Švejk. Actor told, that Hitler, after seeing himself on the screen, included him into his personal "black list" and promised to hang Martinson on the first lamppost. After the role of composer Kerosinov in the movie Anton Ivanovich is angry glory literally followed on Martinsons heels – the boys in the courtyard hooted after him: "Benzin-kerosene goes!".

One of his latest roles was the role of Mr. Frankland in the adaptation of Arthur Conan Doyle's novel The Hound of the Baskervilles.

He married his first wife, Ekaterina Il'inichna Ilyina, a beautiful actress, in 1927, whom he met during his acting studies; their daughter, Anna, later a successful artist and costume designer, was born in 1928 (d. New York, 2012). Although they had never officially divorced, he married his second wife, dancer Lola Dobrohotova, who was later exiled by the government for alleged “connections to foreign elements” and died in exile; they had a son, Alexander (1939-2001). His third wife, Luisa, was a woman 30 years junior to Martinson. They had a daughter, Natasha (b. 1956) and divorced several years later.

Filmography[edit]

  • The Adventures of Oktyabrina (1924)
  • The Devil's Wheel (1926)
  • Little Brother (1927)
  • Две встречи (1932)
  • The Deserter (1933)
  • Marionettes (1934)
  • Revolt of the Fishermen (Восстание рыбаков, 1934)
  • Гибель сенсации (1935)
  • The Government Inspector (Ревизор, 1936)
  • Рыцари гусиного пера (1936)
  • Приключения Петрушки ("Петрушка-иностранец") (1936)
  • Друзья из табора (1938)
  • Семья Оппенгейм (1938)
  • Stepan Razin (Степан Разин, 1939)
  • Золотой ключик (1939)
  • Дезертир (1939)
  • Ветер с востока (1940)
  • Антон Иванович сердится (1941)
  • Самый храбрый (1941)
  • Волшебное зерно (1941)
  • Карьера лейтенанта Гоппа (1942)
  • Швейк готовится к бою (1942)
  • Юные партизаны (1942)
  • Lermontov (Лермонтов, 1943)
  • We from the Urals (1943)
  • Новые похождения Швейка ("Солдатская сказка") (1943)
  • Свадьба (1944)
  • Сильва (1944)
  • Silva (1944)
  • Secret Agent (Подвиг разведчика, 1947)
  • Третий удар ("Южный узел") (1948)
  • Przhevalsky (Пржевальский, 1951)
  • Sadko (1952)
  • Корабли штурмуют бастионы (1953)
  • Сеанс гипноза (1953)
  • Безумный день (1956)
  • Ilya Muromets (1956)
  • The Idiot (Идиот ("Настасья Филипповна"), 1958)
  • В нашем городе (1959)
  • Черноморочка (1959)
  • Произведение искусства (1959)
  • Спасите наши души (1960)
  • Scarlet Sails (Алые паруса, 1961)
  • Вечера на хуторе близ Диканьки ("Ночь перед рождеством") (1961)
  • Вольный ветер (1961)
  • Веселые истории (1962)
  • Знакомый адрес (1963)
  • Укротители велосипедов (1964)
  • Москва-Генуя (1964)
  • Сказка о Мальчише-Кибальчише (1964)
  • Сказка о потерянном времени (1964)
  • Спящий лев (1965)
  • Иные нынче времена (1966)
  • The Dream of a Ridiculous Man (Дядюшкин сон, 1966)
  • Сказка о царе Салтане (1966)
  • Калиф-аист (1968)
  • Улыбнись соседу (1968)
  • Время счастливых находок (1969)
  • В тридевятом царстве (1970)
  • Летние сны (1972)
  • Ruslan and Lyudmila (Руслан и Людмила, 1972)
  • Города и годы (1973)
  • Большой аттракцион (1974)
  • Вооружен и очень опасен (1977)
  • Новые приключения капитана Врунгеля (1978)
  • Ярославна, королева Франции (1978)
  • The Hound of the Baskervilles (Приключения Шерлока Холмса и доктора Ватсона. Собака Баскервилей, 1981)
  • И жизнь, и слезы, и любовь... (1984)

External links[edit]