Sha Lo Wan
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Sha Lo Wan (Chinese: 沙螺灣) is a bay in the northwest Lantau Island, Hong Kong. The bay faces north to Hong Kong International Airport. The area is occupied by indigenous inhabitants. There is no road access to area and thus their communication is on foot or by ferry. Because of its inconvenience to urban area, villages in the area are suffered from depopulation. Only old generation lives in these villages.
Villages in the area include Sha Lo Wan Tsuen (沙螺灣村, "Sha Lo Wan Village"), Sha Lo Wan San Tsuen (沙螺灣新村, "Sha Lo Wan New Village") and Sha Lo Wan Chung Hau (沙螺灣涌口).
Sha Lo Wan was noted for its incense production during the Ming Dynasty. Following the orders imposed by the Great Clearance, the village was evacuated, together with the whole of Lantau Island. People were allowed to return to settle on the island in 1669, but Sha Lo Wan was not resettled at that time.
Sha Lo Wan Tsuen was probably erected in the 18th century as a Ba Kong Temple (把港古廟) dedicated to Hung Shing was built by the villagers in 1774 at the northwest of the village close, to the seashore. Villagers were engaged in fishing and farming. The population was small reaching up to a few hundreds before the Second World War. Being close to the sea, the village was often attacked by pirates and bandits. In the late 1930s, it was occupied by a group of pirates for one year.
Tungsten was discovered in Sha Lo Wan, and its ore was quarried in the area in the 1950s, leading to a population increase, which reached 4,000 in 1971. The population has dropped again since the 1970s.
The bay is a preserved tropical natural environment. Thick and high trunks of trees can be found in the area.
Two adjacent temples are located in Sha Lo Wan. The Ba Kong Temple (把港古廟, lit. "guarding the bay"), dedicated to Hung Shing, was built in 1774. To its right is a Tin Hau Temple, built in 1919. A wall is connecting the two temples at the front façade.
Sha Lo Wan Tsuen was constructed in the form of four parallel rows of houses. A 3m high village entrance gate, built about 200 years ago of granite blocks and slabs, remains in the north of the village, while the attached defensive wall has been demolished.
- 蕭, 國健 (May 1990). 香港前代社會 'The Society of Hong Kong of Previous Dynasties' (in Chinese) (2nd ed.). Hong Kong: Zhonghua Book Company. p. 67. ISBN 962-231-744-8.
- Siu, Anthony Kwok-kin (1989). "Tai Yu Shan from Chinese Historical Records". Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society Hong Kong Branch 29: 396. ISSN 1991-7295. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
- Brief Information on Proposed Grade III Items. Item #1151
- Brief Information on No Grade Items, pp.263-264
- Brief Information on No Grade Items, pp.229-230
- Fortune Ferry timetable
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