Shadwell (Virginia)

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Shadwell, Virginia
CDP
Motto: Birthplace of Thomas Jefferson
Shadwell, Virginia is located in Virginia
Shadwell, Virginia
Shadwell, Virginia
Coordinates: 38°00′44.5782″N 78°25′4.0002″W / 38.012382833°N 78.417777833°W / 38.012382833; -78.417777833Coordinates: 38°00′44.5782″N 78°25′4.0002″W / 38.012382833°N 78.417777833°W / 38.012382833; -78.417777833
Country United States
State Virginia
County Albemarle
Elevation 361 ft (110 m)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 22947
Area code(s) 434

Shadwell, a census-designated place by the Rivanna River in Albemarle County, Virginia near Charlottesville, was the birthplace of Thomas Jefferson. It was so named after Shadwell parish in London by his father, Peter Jefferson, a colonist and planter in central Virginia. Shadwell is the parish where his wife Jane Randolph had been christened.[1] Peter Jefferson and Jane Randolph had six children, among them Thomas, who would become the third president of the United States. Active in county meetings Peter was appointed Justice of the Peace of Albemarle county, taking his oath in September 1744. The following month he was appointed lieutenant colonel to the Albemarle county militia.[2]

After America had won its independence, Jefferson desired to reform the Virginia government.[3] In September 1776, eager to work on creating the new government and dismantle the feudal aspects of the old, Jefferson returned to Virginia and was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates for Albemarle County.[4]

In 1770, the Jefferson´s house at Shadwell was destroyed in a fire, and the family moved to the Randolphs' estate at Edge Hill. The site today is marked by a Virginia Historical Marker. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places along with Clifton.[5]

A view of the Rivanna at Shadwell, Virginia

By 1835 Shadwell was home to a large carding factory employing 100 workers, a large merchant mill owned by John Timberlake & Son, and a sawmill. It also had several general stores at Shadwell, shops, and private dwellings. As the Rivanna River was navigable as far as the town, grain and tobacco were shipped downriver from Shadwell. The town prospered until 1850, when the factory burned and was shut down permanently.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Randall, Willard Sterne. Thomas Jefferson, A Life, New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1993. p. 7
  2. ^ Randall, Willard Sterne. Thomas Jefferson, A Life, New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1993. p. 8
  3. ^ Ferling 2004, p. 26.
  4. ^ Peterson 1970, pp. 101–102.
  5. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  6. ^ C&O For Progress, Chesapeake & Ohio, Piedmont Subdivision. Milepost 176.3 Station Number 176. Code Number: 0295. Telegraph Callsign: SX