November 22, 1980 |
|Citizenship||United States of America|
|Alma mater||Northeastern University (Dropped out in 1999)|
|Known for||Co-founder and lead software engineer of Napster|
|Notable work(s)||Napster, Snocap, Rupture, Path|
|Net worth||US$7.5 million (2009).|
|Shawn Fanning on Facebook|
Shawn Fanning (born November 22, 1980) is an American computer programmer, serial entrepreneur, and angel investor. He developed Napster, one of the first popular peer-to-peer ("P2P") file sharing platforms, in 1998. The popularity of Napster was widespread and Fanning was featured on the cover of Time magazine.
The site in its initial free P2P incarnation was shut down in 2001 after the company's unsuccessful appeal of court orders arising from its encouraging the illegal sharing of copyrighted material. A paid subscription version of the site followed, and was purchased by Rhapsody on December 1, 2011. Following his involvement with Napster, he joined, and invested in, a number of early-stage technology startup companies.
||This section of a biography of a living person does not include any references or sources. (November 2013)|
Fanning was born in Brockton, Massachusetts, the son of Coleen Fanning and Joe Rando. He then moved to Harwich, Massachusetts on Cape Cod, and graduated from Harwich High School in 1998. During his time in high school and after he graduated, he spent most of his time at his uncle's oceanside Internet business called Chess.net, overlooking Nantasket Beach in Hull, Massachusetts. He spent summers with his uncle in Hull, sleeping on his couch, and spent much of his time experimenting and programming computers in his free time, which eventually led to his development of Napster. During his childhood and adolescence, Shawn had lived in tough, blue-collar, urban towns like Rockland, Massachusetts and Brockton, Massachusetts before moving to the more quiet and small oceanside town of Harwich.
After graduation, Fanning attended Northeastern University on scholarship. Fanning quickly learned that he already knew all of the material being taught to him in classes and was even placed in higher classes he was not qualified to be in. Even then, Fanning became frustrated because he had already learned all the material being taught to him by professors and tutors and eventually dropped out of Northeastern in 1999. During this time at Northeastern, Shawn had begun the developmental stages of Napster and word had spread fast at Northeastern of his invention. Fanning dropped out of college to dedicate his full-time to the Napster program.
On June 1, 1999, Fanning released a preliminary beta program of Napster and soon, hundreds of college students at Northeastern were up and trading music furiously. Soon after he uploaded the beta program of Napster, Shawn moved his company from his headquarters in Hull, Massachusetts to a more spacious location in San Mateo, California and hired additional workers to improve on the Napster Program.
In 2002, Fanning was named to the MIT Technology Review TR100 as one of the top 100 innovators in the world under the age of 35. In 2003, he opened a new company, Snocap, along with Jordan Mendelson (Napster's Chief Architect), and Ron Conway. The company aspired to be a legitimate marketplace for digital media. However, their partners and the public did not respond well. Customer support was poor, and technical issues were numerous. One of their primary partners, CD Baby, wrote a scathing account of their relationship. In late 2007, Snocap laid off 60% of its workforce. ValleyWag wrote an article that Fanning had long left Snocap and began to work on another venture, Rupture. The ValleyWag article stated that the failure was largely due to Snocap's CEO Rusty Rueff and that of former CTO Dave Rowley, who "made a mess of engineering before he was fired". Snocap was looking to sell itself and fast. In 2008, they found a buyer; imeem acquired Snocap in a fire sale.
The Rupture project was announced in late 2006 with seed funding, and CrunchBase notes the date Shawn officially became CEO of Rupture was October 2, 2007.
In December 2006, Fanning developed Rupture, a social networking tool designed to handle the task of publishing gamers' individual profiles to a communal space and facilitating communication between World of Warcraft players. Rupture was later acquired by Electronic Arts for $15 million. Fanning's career at Electronic Arts was short-lived as a round of layoffs in November 2009 included him and his team at Rupture.
A few months after Fanning was laid off from Electronic Arts, he started a new company called Path.com. In January 2010, Dave Morin announced he was leaving Facebook, where he was a Senior Platform Manager, to join Fanning and become CEO at Path.
In popular culture
In 2000, Fanning appeared as a presenter at the MTV Video Music Awards. He appeared wearing a Metallica T-shirt with For Whom the Bell Tolls playing in the background, and when asked where he got it, stated, "a friend of mine shared it with me." Lars Ulrich's reaction was shown as feigned boredom.
In 2003, Fanning had a cameo appearance, playing himself, in the 2003 film The Italian Job. In the film, Seth Green's character accused Fanning of stealing Napster from him while he was taking a nap in their Northeastern University dorm room. Although other characters see this as mere bragging, a scene shows Fanning in fact creeping over Green's sleeping body.
- "The most successful college dropouts in history". retireat21.com. Archived from the original on 2010-11-18. Retrieved 2009-02-10.
- "Time Magazine Cover: Shawn Fanning - Oct. 2, 2000". TIME magazine. Retrieved 2 April 2010.
- "2002 Young Innovators Under 35: Shawn Fanning, 21". Technology Review. 2002. Retrieved August 14, 2011.
- "What happened with CD Baby and Snocap". CD Baby. 2007-10-19.[dead link]
- "The Rise & Fall of Snocap – What Did We Learn?". Penny Distribution. 2007-12-18.[dead link]
- "Shawn Fanning leaves his Snocap baby an orphan". ValleyWag.
- Greg Sandoval (2007-10-11). "Shawn Fanning's Snocap lays off 60 percent of workforce". CNET News.
- Hansell, Saul (2007-10-12). "Shawn Fanning’s Snocap Prepares for Fire Sale". The New York Times.
- Orlowski, Andrew (2008-04-07). "Right idea, wrong time: Snocap's corpse washes up at Imeem". Theregister.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-08-21.
- Peter Kafka (2008-08-04). "Business Insider". Business Insider. Retrieved 2012-08-21.
- Rob Crossley (2009-11-22). "EA studios named in mass-layoff operation". Develop Online.
- Michael Arrington (2010-01-22). "Dave Morin Leaves Facebook, To Launch New Startup with Napster Creator Shawn Fanning". TechCrunch.
- "Dave Morin". CrunchBase.
- "Lars Ulrich". YouTube. June 18, 2007
- Time magazine. October 2, 2000
- Boards Screening Room
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