|• Total||32.8 sq mi (84.9 km2)|
|• Land||32.5 sq mi (84.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)|
|Elevation||1,480 ft (451 m)|
|• Density||21/sq mi (8.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1462205|
Sheffield is located in northwestern Caledonia County. It is bordered by the town of Barton to the north, Sutton to the east, Wheelock to the south, and Glover to the west. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 32.8 square miles (84.9 km2), of which 32.5 square miles (84.2 km2) is land and 0.27 square miles (0.7 km2), or 0.79%, is water.
The town is crossed by Interstate 91, leading north to Newport and south to St. Johnsbury. There are no exits within the town. Vermont Route 122 roughly parallels I-91, leading northwest to Glover and Barton and southeast to Lyndonville.
The highest point in Sheffield is an unnamed summit in the northeast corner of town, with an elevation of 2,543 feet (775 m) above sea level, between Granby Mountain and Norris Mountain.
As of the census of 2000, there were 727 people, 272 households, and 202 families residing in the town. The population density was 22.3 people per square mile (8.6/km2). There were 399 housing units at an average density of 12.2 per square mile (4.7/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.52% White, 0.55% Native American, 0.28% from other races, and 1.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.51% of the population.
There were 272 households out of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.3% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.7% were non-families. 16.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the town the population was spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 107.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $28,125, and the median income for a family was $31,591. Males had a median income of $27,727 versus $21,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,277. About 19.0% of families and 22.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.1% of those under age 18 and 15.0% of those age 65 or over.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Sheffield town, Caledonia County, Vermont". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 6, 2013.
- U.S. Geological Survey Sutton, VT 7.5-minute quadrangle, 1986.
- Starr, Tena (January 25, 2012). "Wind project generates cash, as well as power". The Chronicle (Barton, Vermont). p. 1.