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Siyabuswa is a town (also informally defined as a township) in the countryside of the South African province of Mpumalanga (a region formerly called Eastern Transvaal). During the apartheid era, Siyabuswa was the capital of the KwaNdebele Bantustan. It served as a capital from 1981 to 1986 when KwaMhlanga replaced it. Most of its inhabitants (population in 2011: 36 882) are members of the Ndebele ethnic group. The town is about 20 kilometers southwest of the Marble Hall airport. Currently Siyabuswa is home to several ethnic groups, namely the Ndebele people, the Pedi people and the Sotho people.