|Chip form factors||Flip-chip pin grid array (FC-PGA2 or FC-PGA4)|
|Contacts||478 (not to be confused with the new Socket P that also uses 478-pins)|
|FSB frequency||400 MT/s
|Processor dimensions||1.38 × 1.38 inches|
|Processors||Intel Pentium 4 (1.4 - 3.4 GHz)
Intel Celeron (1.7 - 2.8 GHz)
Celeron D (2.13 - 3.2 GHz)
Intel Pentium 4 Extreme Edition (3.2, 3.4 GHz)
This article is part of the CPU socket series
Socket 478 was launched with the Northwood core to compete with AMD's 462-pin Socket A and their Athlon XP processors. Socket 478 was intended to be the replacement for Socket 423, a Willamette-based processor socket which was on the market for only a short time. Socket 478 was phased out with the launch of LGA 775.
Socket 478 was used for all Northwood Pentium 4 and Celeron processors. It supported the first Prescott Pentium 4 processors and all Willamette Celerons, along with several of the Willamette-series Pentium 4s. Socket 478 also supported the newer Prescott-based Celeron D processors, and early Pentium 4 Extreme Edition processors with 2 MiB of L3 CPU cache.
Celeron D processors were also available for Socket 478 and were the last CPUs made for the socket.
While the Intel mobile CPUs are available in 478-pin packages, they in fact only operate in a range of slightly differing sockets, Socket 479, Socket M, and Socket P, each incompatible with the other two.
Mechanical load limits
All socket (Pentium 4 and Celeron) have the following mechanical maximum load limits which should not be exceeded during heatsink assembly, shipping conditions, or standard use. Load above those limits will crack the processor die and make it unusable.
|IHS Surface||890 N(200 lbf)||445 N(100 lbf)||667 N(150 lbf)|