- "Solanum chloranthum" redirects here. This refers to the name as established by Michel Félix Dunal. Other scientists have applied this taxon to other species; see below.
Solanum viarum, the tropical soda apple, is a perennial shrub native to Brazil and Argentina with a prickly stem and prickly leaves. The fruit is golf-ball-sized with the coloration of a watermelon. It is considered an invasive species in the lower eastern coastal states of the United States and recently on the Mid North Coast of Australia.
- Solanum chloranthum DC.
- S. chloranthum as described by Poeppig based on Otto Sendtner in von Martius is now S. velutinum
- S. chloranthum as described by Philipp Salzmann based on Dunal in de Candolle is now S. agrarium
- S. chloranthum as described by C.P.J. Sprengel is now S. arenarium as described by Otto Sendtner
- Solanum khasianum var. chatterjeeanum Sengupta & Sengupta
- Solanum viridiflorum Schltdl.
- Not to be confused with S. acuminatum var. viridiflorum, which is now S. caavurana.
The tropical soda apple leaf beetle (Gratiana boliviana) has been used successfully as an agent of biological pest control to reduce the abundance of this plant in the United States, particularly in Florida.
- Soda apple a new threat, The Macleay Argus, 19 Oct 2010
- Solanaceae Source (2006): – Solanum viarum. April 2006. Retrieved 25 September 2008.
- Medal, J. C. and J. P. Cuda. (2010). Establishment and initial impact of the leaf-beetle Gratiana boliviana (Chrysomelidae), first biocontrol agent released against tropical soda apple in Florida. Florida Entomologist 93(4) 493-500.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Solanum viarum.|
- Global Invasive Species Database.
- Species Profile- Tropical Soda Apple (Solanum viarum). National Invasive Species Information Center, United States National Agricultural Library.