||It has been suggested that Alfonso Caycedo be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since April 2014.|
Sophrology, coming from Ancient Greek σῶς / sôs ("healthy"), φρήν / phrēn ("mind"), and -λογία / -logia ("study of"), is a science founded in 1960 by Alfonso Caycedo, a Colombian neuropsychiatrist. More specifically, it is the first study of consciousness science.
The word has never been protected in its public use and resulted in vulgarization in the training environment. Caycedo then finds a new name: "Caycedian Sophrology", this time filed in The Hague and patented at the WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization).
Origins and founding principles
In his scientific approach, Alfonso Caycedo is primarily interested in hypnosis, finding it interesting in practice but also too complex, by the existence of many schools often in disagreement between them and because of a lack of irrefutability of the principles outlined by it. Moreover, he tries to avoid the “spectacle” aspect used by some hypnotists, who stray too far from his purely scientific approach.
Alfonso Caycedo will then keep some options explored by hypnosis while standing out of hypnosis as such. The neuropsychiatrist will therefore create a school of scientists from diverse backgrounds (psychology, neuroscience, hypnosis, philosophy, phenomenological psychiatry, Ancient Greece, etc...). This group of scientists aims to study consciousness and different existential possibilities related to the alteration or development thereof.
Then, during his research, Alfonso Caycedo discovered the East has been interested in consciousness for centuries, especially with techniques such as Yoga, Zazen or Buddhism. It is in a scientific discovery spirit and devoid of all spiritual aspirations that the neuro-psychiatrist initiates a three year journey in India, Japan and Tibet, to discover and experience these physical exercises and understand their interest in the context of consciousness.
- Caycedian Sophrology Review, page 4 - 2nd trimester 1996
- "ESOPHRO, Origines et fondements de la sophrologie".
- Patrick-André Chéné, Sophrologie - Tome 1 : Fondements et méthodologie (Preface and ethical code by Alfonso Caycedo), Ellébore Éditions, 1994 (ISBN 286898505X), Re-edited in 2008 (ISBN 2868989020)
- Collective work directed by Patrick-André Chéné, Sophrologie - Tome 2 : Champs d'application (Preface and introduction by Alfonso Caycedo), Ellébore Éditions 1999, (ISBN 2868985831)