Orthopathy (from the Greek ortho- right- + pathos suffering,), Natural Hygiene (NH), Life Science, 80/10/10 Diet or Healthology is an alternative medical philosophy and practice originating from the Nature Cure movement. NH includes the idea of vitalism and considers self-healing the only cure for disease: it favours fasting and other lifestyle measures as restorative, and dietary and other lifestyle measures as preventative. There is no evidence from systematic reviews of double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trials that supports self-healing as a method for treating severe conditions such as cancer, infectious diseases, and cardiovascular disease. Since the 1900s, hundreds of thousands of medical fasts have been supervised and recorded. It has been shown in many empirical, scientific studies that medical fasting can improve health and eliminate a variety of diseases.
Orthopathy is against most mainstream and alternative medical treatment, with the exception of surgery in certain situations, such as for broken bones and to 'remove a deadly secondary cause.'
NH is not naturopathy: they differ by philosophical definition and practice.
Orthopathy is explained by Dr Herbert M Shelton as:
Disease action no less than health action, is right action; yet it occasions suffering because of adverse conditions that have been imposed upon the body. So, by the term Orthopathy we mean right suffering.
The orthopathy movement originated with Dr Isaac Jennings, who, after practicing traditional medicine for 20 years in Derby, Connecticut, began formulating his ideas about it in 1822. Several other mostly later thinkers, including Sylvester Graham, likewise from Connecticut, influenced the movement or are considered important to it. Also, during the 1880s, Thomas Allinson developed his theory of medicine, which he called 'Hygienic Medicine.'
Shelton distinguished the method of Nature Cure from other medical schools of thought of its time, including naturopathy, heliopathy (sun cure,) homeopathy, 'bio-chemic', and what Shelton called allopathy (mainstream medicine.) Shelton originally recommended an almost vegetarian diet, then later a vegetarian one, then later a vegan one, but there are people who follow Natural Hygiene ideas and disagree with him. The Nature Cure movement and Shelton cite evidence ignored or underutilized by mainstream physicians, the observation that sick animals will rest and fast except for water.
Several NH associations currently exist, including the National Health Association, which was founded by Shelton as the American Natural Hygiene Society, which condones The International Association of Hygienic Physicians was founded in 1978. The International Natural Hygiene Society was founded in 2003. but does not adhere to Shelton's later ideas.
NH emphasizes prevention over cure. NH practitioners recommend clean air, water, enough sleep, wholesome food, sunlight, exercise, and a healthy psychological life. The recommendations for a diet low in fat and high in fiber are in line with modern nutritional practice. Natural Hygienists do not support the use of foreign influences in treatment, namely drugs, herbs, excessive sunlight as in heliopathy. For most ailments, Natural Hygienists also recommend rest and fasting with water, which rely on the body's recuperative powers. This is known as vis medicatrix naturae, the healing power of nature. Any other treatment type is said to interfere, and symptoms such as inflammation and vomiting are considered a natural part of healing.
Consumption of 'incompatible' foods in one meal is said to lead to ill health, and consumption of 'compatible' foods is said to to maintain it: Shelton defined food combining and seven groups of food, sorted by function as: supplying energy (carbohydrates, fats, and proteins ;) needed to build the body (proteins, salts, and water ;) and regulating bodily processes (minerals, vitamins, and water.)
Shelton rejected the germ theory of disease and considered vaccines and drugs, including tobacco, alcohol, coffee, tea, and chocolate, to be toxic. Sugar (and honey, syrup) and refined, i.e. white, flour are similarly considered toxic. So are most herbs and spices, whether used for flavouring or herbalism.
Critics of NH have stated it is dangerous for recommending prolonged fasting instead of medical drugs and internal organ surgery; Stephen Barrett of Quackwatch stated that 'its recommended avoidance of dairy products is an invitation to osteoporosis.' A 2009 study of bone density found the bone density of vegans was 94 percent that of omnivores, but deemed the difference clinically insignificant. Some vegan lifestyles may lead to osteoporosis; one not properly planned is merely vegan, not NH: The American Dietetic Association and Dietitians of Canada said in 2003 that properly planned vegan diets were nutritionally adequate for all stages of life, including pregnancy and lactation, and provided health benefits in the treatment and prevention of certain diseases. Calcium and vitamin D, which is what mainstream nutritionists suggest dairy products for, are currently recommended for the primary prevention of osteoporosis. The role of calcium in preventing and treating osteoporosis is unclear—some populations with extremely low calcium intake also have extremely low rates of bone fracture, and others with high rates of calcium intake through milk and milk products have higher rates of bone fracture. Other factors, such as protein, salt and vitamin D intake, exercise and exposure to sunlight, can all influence bone mineralization, making calcium intake one factor among many in the development of osteoporosis. Vegans are advised to use vitamin D supplements, though light-skinned people can obtain adequate amounts by spending 15–30 minutes in sunlight every few days. Dark-skinned people need significantly more sunlight to obtain the same amount of vitamin D, and sunlight exposure may be difficult in some parts of the world during winter, in which case supplements are recommended. Vegetarianism/veganism and the standard American diet are not defined in terms of sunlight or exercise, or to necessarily have healthy amounts of protein, salt, or vitamin D. A NH-based lifestyle, whether from Shelton's early, non-vegetarian, or later, vegetarian/vegan, ideas, is defined in such terms, or the lifestyle is merely unhealthy, not NH. Biochemist T. Colin Campbell suggested in The China Study (2005) that osteoporosis is linked to the consumption of animal protein because, unlike plant protein, animal protein increases the acidity of blood and tissues, which is then neutralized by calcium pulled from the bones. Cornell wrote that his China-Cornell-Oxford study of nutrition in the 1970s and 1980s found that, in rural China, "where the animal to plant ratio [for protein] was about 10 percent, the fracture rate is only one-fifth that of the U.S."
hygienic physicians 
deceased people active in the National Health Association 
See also 
- Barrett, Stephen (2007-01-01). "A Critical Look at "Natural Hygiene"". Retrieved 2009-04-15.
- Herbert M Shelton, The Hygienic System vol. VI: Orthopathy, Dr. Shelton's Health School: San Antonio, Texas, 1941
- Shelton, Herbert M. The Hygienic System: Volume III: The Science and Fine Art of Fasting
- Handbook of Natural Hygiene. Academy of Natural Living. 2001. ISBN 0958661154 (v.1) Check
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- Samuel Orcutt, Ambrose Beardsley, The history of the old town of Derby, Connecticut, 1642-1880: With biographies and genealogies. Press of Springfield Printing Co., 1880, p. 601
- Herbert M Shelton, The Hygienic System vol. II: Orthotrophy, Dr. Shelton's Health School: San Antonio, Texas, 1941
- Ho-Pham, L.T., et al. "Effect of vegetarian diets on bone mineral density: a Bayesian meta-analysis", Am J Clin Nut, October 2009, volume 90, issue 4, pp. 943–9hg50.
- "Position of the American Dietetic Association and Dietitians of Canada: vegetarian diets", Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research. Summer 2003, 64(2):62-81; also available here , accessed January 31, 2011.
- For a second overview, see Key TJ, Appleby PN, Rosell MS. "Health effects of vegetarian and vegan diets", Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 2006, 65:35-41.
- For the view of the Irish Nutrition and Dietetic Institute, see "A guide to vegetarian eating", Irish Nutrition and Dietetic Institute, accessed September 30, 2009.
- For additional sources, see:
- For vitamin D, see "Bones, Vitamin D, and Calcium", Vegan Outreach, January 9, 2007, accessed February 4, 2011: "If you get exposed to the following amounts of midday sun (10 am to 2 pm), without sunscreen, on a day when sunburn is possible (i.e., not winter or cloudy), then you do not need any dietary vitamin D that day." On other days, take a supplement; see page for recommendations.
- For calcium, see "Bones, Vitamin D, and Calcium", Vegan Outreach, January 9, 2007, accessed February 4, 2011: "Based on research showing that vegans who consumed less than 525 mg per day of calcium had higher bone fracture rates than people who consumed more than 525 mg per day (14), vegans should make sure they get a minimum of 525 mg of calcium per day. It would be best to get 700 mg per day for adults, and at least 1,000 mg for people age 13 to 18 when bones are developing. This can most easily be satisfied for most vegans by eating high-calcium greens on a daily basis and drinking a nondairy milk that is fortified with calcium."
- For vitamin D and calcium, also see Appleby, P. et al. "Comparative fracture risk in vegetarians and nonvegetarians in EPIC-Oxford", European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, volume 61, issue 12, February 2007. doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602659
- "Calcium & Milk". Harvard School of Public Health. 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-28.
- Campbell, T. Colin. The China Study. Benbella Books, 2006, pp. 205–208.
- Brody, Jane E. "Huge Study Of Diet Indicts Fat And Meat", The New York Times, May 8, 1990.
- Junshi, Chen; Campbell; T. Colin; Junyao, Li; and Peto, R. (eds). Diet, lifestyle, and mortality in China: a study of the characteristics of 65 Chinese counties. Oxford University Press; Cornell University Press; People's Medical Publishing House, 1990.
- See review: Byers, Tim (Centers for Disease Control). "Diet, lifestyle, and mortality in China: a study of the characteristics of 65 Chinese counties", American Journal of Epidemiology, accessed February 3, 2011.