Speaker of the Parliament of Sweden

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Speaker of the Riksdag
Riksdagens talman
Flag of Sweden.svg
Coat of arms of the Swedish Parliament.svg
The three crowns, as used by the Riksdag
Urban Ahlin.jpg
Incumbent
Urban Ahlin

since September 29, 2014
The Riksdag
Style Mister Speaker
Swedish: Herr talman
Residence no official residence
Nominator The Prime Minister
Appointer The Alderman (longest serving member),
following a vote in the Riksdag
Term length Four years (de facto)
a vote is always held after a general election
Inaugural holder Henry Allard
Formation 1627
Deputy The 1st Deputy Speaker
Website www.riksdagen.se

The Speaker of the Riksdag (Swedish: Riksdagens talman) is the presiding officer of the national unicameral legislature in Sweden.

The Riksdag underwent profound changes in 1867, when the medieval Riksdag of the Estates was abolished. The new form of the Riksdag included two elected chambers, each with its own Speaker. Since the de facto introduction of parliamentarism in 1917, the Riksdag has properly functioned as the institution to which the Prime Minister and the Government are held accountable. In 1971 the institution was transformed into a unicameral legislature with 349 members. Since 1975, in accordance with the Instrument of Government of 1974, it is the Speaker and no longer the Monarch who appoints and dismisses the Prime Minister.

The current Speaker is Urban Ahlin, who has held the gavel since 2014.

Duties of the Speaker[edit]

Lilla riksvapnet - Riksarkivet Sverige.png
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Sweden
Foreign relations

The Speaker is the head and presiding officer of the Riksdag, and is elected by the chamber as the first order of business when the Riksdag re-convenes following a general election. As such he coordinates the work that takes place in the Riksdag. The office is mandated in the Swedish constitution and the duties of the office are set out on the Instrument of Government (1974) and the Riksdag Act.

The Speaker does not take part in the debates, nor does he participate in the parliamentary committees. While the Speaker is one of the elected representatives of the Riksdag, he is expected to remain unbiased and objective with regards to the political issues that are debated. The Speaker has no vote in the Riksdag, but the incumbent could use his vote as a member of the Riksdag if a tie appears.

The position of Speaker is the second highest ranked public position in Sweden. In terms of protocol, the Monarch outranks the Speaker since he is the head of state. However since that position is hereditary a person cannot be elected to become the monarch. The Speaker outranks the Prime Minister of Sweden.

Appointment and Dismissal of Prime Minister[edit]

One of the more important aspects of the work of the Speaker is to head the negotiations concerning the forming of a new government in case there is a shift of power after an election. The speaker proposes the new prime ministerial candidate to the chamber, and following a positive vote, the Speaker signs the commission (Swedish: förordnande) on behalf of the Riksdag. The Prime Minister appoints and dismisses his own cabinet ministers, forming the Government (Swedish: Regeringen), without the involvement of the Speaker.

The Prime Minister hands his letter of resignation to the Speaker, following either a voluntary resignation or a vote of no confidence.

In most other parliamentary systems, including other constitutional monarchies, these duties are instead handled by the head of state. Relieving the Swedish Monarch from exercise of political powers, although not the key objective from the outset, became nevertheless an important part on the constitutional reform in the 1970s.

Deputy Speakers[edit]

The Speaker is assisted by three deputy speakers who are also elected by the chamber. The unwritten convention is that the First Deputy Speaker is chosen from the members of the largest opposition party, if the Speaker is a member from the largest majority party.

Regent ad interim[edit]

In case all adult members of the Swedish Royal Family who are in the line of succession to the Throne, as prescribed in the Act of Succession, are out of the country, the Speaker assumes the role of Regent ad interim (Swedish: Riksföreståndare). This would also be the case if they were all to decease.

Riksdag Board[edit]

The Speaker chairs the Riksdag Board (Swedish: Riksdagsstyrelsen), which deliberates on the organisation of the work of the Riksdag, directs the work of the Riksdag Administration (Swedish: Riksdagsförvaltningen) and decides upon matters of major significance concerning the international contacts programme.

War Delegation[edit]

The Speaker chairs the War Delegation (Swedish: Krigsdelegationen), when it is deemed necessary to convene.

List of Speakers[edit]

Speakers of the bicameral Riksdag (1867-1970)[edit]

Speakers of the First Chamber (upper house)[edit]

Speakers of the Second Chamber (lower house)[edit]

Speakers of the unicameral Riksdag (1971-present)[edit]

Portrait Speaker
(Born-Died)
Term Political Party Election Cycle Constituency
Took office Left office Duration
 
Henry Allard
Allard, HenryHenry Allard
(1911–1996)
15 January 1971 (1971-01-15) 1 October 1979 (1979-10-01) 8 years, 259 days Social Democratic 1971–1973
1973–1976
1976–1979
Örebro County
 
Ingemund Bengtsson
Bengtsson, IngemundIngemund Bengtsson
(1919–2000)
1 October 1979 (1979-10-01) 3 October 1988 (1988-10-03) 9 years, 2 days Social Democratic 1979–1982
1982–1985
1985–1988
Halland County
 
Thage G. Peterson
Peterson, Thage G.Thage G. Peterson
(born 1933)
3 October 1988 (1988-10-03) 30 September 1991 (1991-09-30) 2 years, 362 days Social Democratic 1988–1991 Stockholm County
 
Ingegerd Troedsson
Troedsson, IngegerdIngegerd Troedsson
(1929–2012)
30 September 1991 (1991-09-30) 3 October 1994 (1994-10-03) 3 years, 3 days Moderate 1991–1994 Uppsala County
 
Birgitta Dahl
Dahl, BirgittaBirgitta Dahl
(born 1937)
3 October 1994 (1994-10-03) 30 September 2002 (2002-09-30) 7 years, 362 days Social Democratic 1994–1998
1998–2002
Uppsala County
 
Björn von Sydow
Sydow von, BjörnBjörn von Sydow
(born 1945)
30 September 2002 (2002-09-30) 2 October 2006 (2006-10-02) 4 years, 2 days Social Democratic 2002–2006 Stockholm County
 
Per Westerberg
Westerberg, PerPer Westerberg
(born 1951)
2 October 2006 (2006-10-02) 29 September 2014 (2014-09-29) 7 years, 362 days Moderate 2006–2010
2010–2014
Södermanland County
 
Urban Ahlin
Ahlin, UrbanUrban Ahlin
(born 1964)
29 September 2014 (2014-09-29) Incumbent 0 years, 80 days Social Democratic 2014–2018 Västra Götaland County

See also[edit]

Historical predecessor

References[edit]

External links[edit]