St. Paul's Cathedral, Abidjan
|St. Paul's Cathedral, Abidjan
Cathédrale Saint-Paul d'Abidjan
|Location||Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire.|
|Province||Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Abidjan.|
|Groundbreaking||May 11, 1980|
|Construction cost||US $11.7 million|
|Capacity||5,000 (3,500 seating and 1,500 standing)|
St Paul's Cathedral (French: Cathédrale Saint-Paul d'Abidjan) is a Roman Catholic cathedral located in the city of Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire. The cathedral, which was designed by architect Aldo Spirito, serves as the motherchurch for the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Abidjan.
The first stone of the cathedral was consecrated on May 11, 1980 by Pope John Paul II during his first pastoral visit to Côte d'Ivoire. He further dedicated the building upon completion on August 10, 1985 during a second visit to the country to lay the foundation for the Basilica of Our Lady of Peace (Yamoussoukro). The cost of implementing this modern architectural edifice, reputedly the second largest church on the African continent (as of 2002), and one of the largest cathedrals in the world, was estimated at $12 million.  Architecturally, the cathedral is unique and modern, though built to meet the specific aspirations of the ethnic people of Cote d'lvoire.
The striking external feature of the cathedral which attracts visitors at the entrance itself is the tall concrete structure which is shaped like an anthropomorphic giant. It is dominantly located on a hillock providing commanding views of the city of Abidjan, and overlooking the Bay of Cocody.
Planning for building the cathedral was allotted to Aldo P. Spirit, an engineer, in 1980, under the directive of Felix Houphouet Boigny, President of the Côte d'Ivoire. The architect designated for the design was Aldo Spirito, an Italian architect. Pope John Paul II laid the blessed stone during his visit to Côte d'Ivoire in 1980. The construction was completed over a period of five years and the cathedral was formally consecrated by John Paul II during his second visit to Abidjan in August 1985. It is the second largest cathedral in Africa.
The structure of the Cross, which is winged on both flanks, is held in position through seven cables which are anchored to the main building of the cathedral which is in a triangular shape; it creates an elevated vision that the structure is being tugged towards the lagoon. The materials used for building this unique edifice consists of concrete, steel, travertine (a form of limestone deposited by mineral springs), stones and sheets of stained glasses. Symbolism represented by the overall structure of the cathedral and the cross is of Jesus Christ spreading his arms, akin to the statue of Christ in Rio, with metaphysical significance of pull towards the ultimate trinity.
The external feature of the cross of the cathedral is also inferred to depict a view as though a devotee is bent on his knees offering prayers with his cloak flying backwards merging into the attractive concrete slab which is integral to the cathedral’s roof.
On the exterior face of the cathedral there are fourteen panels of different sizes in many colours, which are made in terracotta ceramics with the Cross and the story of Christ as the main theme (as relevant to the local ethnic perceptions). These panels are affixed sequentially (matching the story) on the side wall of the steps leading from the lagoon to the forecourt of the cathedral.
The cathedral’s renovation is estimated to cost 750 million Francs; a fund raising campaign for realizing the funds was launched in March 2008.
The cathedral has a total area of 4,300 metres (14,107.61 ft), with 3,500 metres (11,482.94 ft) of usable space.). It can accommodate 5,000 devotees, with seating for 3,500, with the remainder being standing space. The cathedral accommodates a Christian room for prayer, salt catechesis, offices of the parish, residence for the clergy (the bishops and priests), a library, a religious museum, a conference hall and media rooms.
The cathedral has six stained glass windows covering a total surface area of 370 metres (1,213.91 ft), which were also designed by Aldo Spirito. The artistic imagery inside the cathedral is not only Biblical in theme but also has a special focus on the Ivorian peoples’ faith in Christianity. In addition, the interior of the cathedral is embellished with paintings of the Virtues, mosaics of the Sacraments and twelve panels made in polychrome ceramics. The stained glass panels were designed to withstand a wind pressure caused by wind velocity of 100 kilometres (62 mi)/hour. The themes for each panel are related to the life of St. Paul.
There are large paintings near the altar. These are of very large size of 200 200 centimetres (79 in)x150 centimetres (59 in) depicting themes different from those drawn on the stained glass windows. The themes chosen are specific to the propagation of the Virtues of the Cross – Theological Virtues of Faith, Hope and Charity, and Cardinal Virtues of Temperance, Justice, Prudence and Courage, displayed through abstract and angelic figures. Mixed colour techniques have been used in painting on the canvas; mono or bi-color brushed in asymmetric positions have been used for the background while angels painted in bright colours are highlighted.
The notable feature of the stain glass window near the altar is the journey of St. Paul to Damascus. The stain glass panel on the left side wall facing the altar has features drawn on St Paul’s life time activities; on the left side of the panel he is shown penning letters to the people of different denominations; the middle part shows his tour to Rome to be judged by the Pope, and at the lowest part is his giving sermon to people of various denominations. The panel on the right wall facing the altar is similar to the one of the left wall but is dated 28 October representing the earliest stage of interaction with the people of Grand Bassam, Cote D'lvoire and the visiting evangelist in the process of proselytization. 
Another alluring stained glass panel is of Jesus showing the way forward with a storm brewing in Lake Galillee. Also is a panel in which the evangelists are shown landing on the shores of Africa and they witness the richness of the country with the ethnic people in a joyous mood amidst the wild animals such as elephants and gazelles and vegetation of palm trees.
- Elleh 2002, p. 110.
- "Le Sanctuaire Marial d'Abidjan, Mère de Toute Grâce" (in French). Reseauivoire.
- "Pèlerinage Apostolique En Afrique (2-12 Mai 1980) Bénédiction De Jean-Paul II Des Premières Pierres De La Cathédrale D'abidjan, Abidjan (Côte d'Ivoire) Dimanche, 11 Mai 1980". Libreria Editrice Vaticana.
- Country Report: Ivory Coast. The Unit. 1986. p. 21.
- Africa Events. Dar es Salaam Limited. 1985. p. 48.
- Franzosi, Roberto. "Cattedrale di Abidjan - Costa d'Avorio, 1980 – 1985" (in French). Studio di Architettura Dott. Arch.
- Aynor & Avimor 1986, p. 105.
- "Ivory Coast: Abidjan cathedral provides refuge for hundreds". BBC News. 8 April 2011. Retrieved 8 April 2011.
- Levin 2003, p. 167.
- "Ceramiche Via Crucis" (in French). Studio di Architettura Dott.
- Gomon, Edmond. "Cote d'Ivoire: Réhabilitation de la cathédrale Saint Paul du Plateau - La Fondation Saint Paul cherche 750 millions FCFA". AllAfrica.
- "Vetrate Cattedrale" (in French). Studio di Architettura Dott.
- "Quadri Cattedrale (paintings in the Cathedral)" (in French). Studio di Architettura Dott.
- Planet 2009, p. 267.
- Aynor, Hanan S.; Avimor, Shimon (1986). Relations Between Israel and Asian and African States: Côte d'Ivoire. Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Harry S. Truman Research Institute for the Advancement of Peace, Leonard Davis Institute for International Relations.
- Elleh, Namdi (2002). Architecture and Power in Africa. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-275-97679-8.
- Levin, Adam (2003). Wonder Safaris. Struik. ISBN 978-1-77007-242-8.
- Planet, Lonely (2009). West Africa. Lonely Planet. ISBN 978-1-74104-821-6.