St Mary Our Lady Sidlesham

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St Mary Our Lady, Sidlesham
The church originates from c.1300
50°47′04″N 0°47′16″W / 50.784542°N 0.787807°W / 50.784542; -0.787807
Location Church Farm Lane
Sidlesham
West Sussex
PO20 7RE
Country United Kingdom
Denomination Church of England
Website http://www.stmary-sidlesham.org.uk
History
Founded c.1300
Dedication St Mary Our Lady
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Style Norman
Administration
Parish Sidlesham
Deanery Chichester
Archdeaconry Chichester
Diocese Chichester
Province Canterbury
Clergy
Vicar(s) Fr. Stephen Guise (priest in charge)

St Mary Our Lady, is the Parish church for Sidlesham in West Sussex, England. The church is down a short lane off the Chichester to Selsey road, by some thatched cottages. The current church originates from c.1300, probably on the site of an earlier Saxon Church.

History[edit]

The manor of Sidlesham was conferred by the Saxon monarch Cædwalla on Saint Wilfred, as a portion of his gift to the see of Selsey.[1] Wilfrid had arrived in the then, kingdom of the South Saxons in 681 and remained there for five years evangelising and baptising the people.[2] The manor continued to be held by the Bishops of Selsey until the see was transferred to Chichester in 1075. At the time of the Domesday Book (1086), it was held by the Bishop of Chichester in demesne and assessed at 12 hides.[3] The gift was confirmed by William the Conqueror and the manor remained in church hands until the reign of Elizabeth I.[4] The rectory of Sidlesham was a prebend of Chichester Cathedral and in 1291 it was valued at £30.[5]

It is believed that the current church that was begun in the late 12th century or early 13th century replaced an earlier Saxon church.[5][6]

Buildings[edit]

St Mary's altar with candlelabra in front.

The style of the building is early English.[7] As built, the church was cruciform, with a chancel tower, transepts and aisles.[8] It is built of stone rubble with ashlar dressings, the porch is of brick and the roofs are tiled.[5] Originally the Chancel extended beyond the bounds of the existing east wall.[5] There were two Chantry chapels and, possibly, two aisles built in the 14th century.[5] There was also a vestry to the north of the Chapel area.[5] The north chapel and part of the Chancel were allowed to fall into ruin, probably in the early 16th century, but were rebuilt, using much of the original materials, shortly after 1660. During this rebuilding, the east window was moved to the current position, giving the church the unusual T-shape it has now.[6]

The church has a prominent tower.

The Chancel area is traditionally, the responsibility of the Vicar, the remainder of the building being that of the Church Wardens. It seems possible that, at some time, there was a disagreement about this since, to make it absolutely clear two small stones inscribed, "Chancel Boundary, 1814" were inserted in the eastern columns. The niches(or piscinas), adjacent to the Altar, are original and were used for the cleansing of the Holy vessels, after celebration of the Holy Communion. An aumbry has been built into the wall, adjacent to the Altar, to keep the Blessed sacrament.[6]

During the Middle Ages, the nave must have been very dark, as the only light came from the three narrow windows in both the north and south walls and two in the west wall. In 1596, three of these windows were converted to oblong windows.[6]

The Font, adjacent to this window, is about the same age as the church and is typical of early Sussex work. It was removed from the church, during the Civil War and its weather-beaten and rather battered appearance may be the result of it having been buried during this time. It was re-erected in 1660. There is a drain, from the font, which discharges just above the tiled floor. An Edict requires that the water in the font, which has been blessed, should be collected and cast away outside the church. In the old days, it was suspected that if this action was not taken, the water might be used for witchcraft purposes.[6]

In the 18th century, side galleries and large box pews were constructed the incisions to support the galleries can be seen, cut into pillars. It seems likely that, to compensate for the reduction of light, led to the villagers subscribing to the splendid brass candelabrum, installed in 1750.[6]

There is an iron screen, dating from 1815, in the north chapel, that is a fine example of the work of Sussex blacksmiths.[6]

The brick north porch and segment-headed doorway are late 18th century.[8]

Music[edit]

In the 15th century, the tower was added, complete with a minstrel's gallery; at the same time bells were hung, music for the services would have been provided by a village orchestra, comprising flute, fife, bassoon and fiddle.[6] In 1850, a harmonium replaced the orchestra to provide music in the church.[6]

The current organ, in the organ loft at the west end of the church, came from the Chapel of St Luke in the Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford and is a 2 manual instrument by G M Holdich.[6]

The church has both a junior and adult choir for the services.[9] St Marys has a particularly fine acoustic and is the home of a long-established concert series "Music in Church", as well as being the venue for other performances.[9]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lowther. Sussex. p. 161
  2. ^ Bede.HE.IV.13
  3. ^ Morris. Domesday Book: Sussex. p. 17
  4. ^ Horsfield. History of Sussex. p. 40
  5. ^ a b c d e f British History Online
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j St Mary's Website
  7. ^ Horsfield. History of Sussex. p. 402
  8. ^ a b St. Mary Our Lady, Sidlesham. Sussex Parish Churches
  9. ^ a b St Mary's music pages.

References[edit]

  • Bede (1990). Leo Sherley-Price and D.H.Farmer, ed. Bede:Ecclesiastical History of the English People. London: Penguin. ISBN 0-14-044565-X. 
  • "St Mary Our Lady Sidlesham". provided courtesy St Mary Our Lady, Sidlesham PCC. Retrieved 20 December 2011. 
  • Horsfield, Thomas (1835). The History, Antiquities and Topography of the County of Sussex. Vol II. London: Nichols and Sons. 
  • Lowther, M.A. (1870). A compendious history of Sussex. Vol II. Lewes, Sussex: G P Bacon. 
  • Morris, John, ed. (1976). Domesday Book: Sussex. Chichester: Phillimore. ISBN 0-85033-146-3. 
  • L.F. Salzman (editor) (1953). "Sidlesham". A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 4: The Rape of Chichester. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 20 December 2011. 
  • "Sidlesham - St Mary Our Lady". Sussex Parish Churches. Retrieved 20 December 2011.