Stephen R. Donaldson
|Stephen Reeder Donaldson|
Stephen R. Donaldson on a 2007 book tour.
May 13, 1947 |
|Pen name||Reed Stephens|
|Genres||Fantasy, science fiction, mystery|
Stephen Reeder Donaldson (born May 13, 1947) is an American fantasy, science fiction and mystery novelist, most famous for The Chronicles of Thomas Covenant, his ten-novel fantasy series. His work is characterized by psychological complexity, conceptual abstractness, moral bleakness, and the use of an arcane vocabulary, and has attracted critical praise for its "imagination, vivid characterizations, and fast pace." He earned his bachelor's degree from The College of Wooster and a Master's degree from Kent State University. He currently resides in New Mexico.
In the United Kingdom he is usually called "Stephen Donaldson" (without the "R").
Personal life 
Donaldson spent part of his youth in India, where he attended what is now the Kodaikanal International School. He was attending Kent State University as a graduate student at the time of the Kent State shootings on May 4, 1970. Though he was not on campus at the time of the shootings, his apartment was one and a half blocks away, and he was forced to live under martial law for three days afterwards. Donaldson does not like to discuss the incident, as he finds the memories disturbing.
Major influences 
Donaldson is part of the generation of fantasy authors which came to prominence in the 1970s and early 1980s. Like that of many of his peers, his writing is heavily influenced by the works of J. R. R. Tolkien. However, Donaldson's stories show a wide range of other influences, including Mervyn Peake, C. S. Lewis, Robert E. Howard, and even the operas of Richard Wagner. Donaldson is also a great fan of Roger Zelazny's Amber novels, which were a direct inspiration for his own Mordant's Need series. Also, in the Gradual Interview section of his website, Donaldson mentions his extensive study of Joseph Conrad, Henry James and William Faulkner to further develop his narrative style.
The Chronicles of Thomas Covenant 
Donaldson's most celebrated series is The Chronicles of Thomas Covenant, which centers on a cynical leper, shunned by society, who is destined to become the heroic savior of an alternate Earth. Covenant struggles against the tyrannical Lord Foul, who intends to break the physical universe in order to escape his bondage and wreak revenge upon his arch-enemy, The Creator.
The Chronicles were originally published as two trilogies of novels between 1977 and 1983. According to his current publisher, Putnams, those two series sold more than 10 million copies. A third series, The Last Chronicles of Thomas Covenant began publication in 2004 with the novel The Runes of The Earth. With the second book of that series, Fatal Revenant, Donaldson again attained bestseller status when the book reached number 12 on the New York Times Bestseller List in October 2007.
The First Chronicles 
The Second Chronicles 
The Last Chronicles 
The Gap Cycle 
A science fiction epic set in a future where humans have pushed far out into space in the attempt to replace depleted resources, The Gap Cycle follows two concurrent story arcs. The first concerns an ensign in the United Mining Companies Police (UMCP), Morn Hyland, who is attempting simply to stay alive after being captured by a marauder named Angus Thermopyle. The second follows the Byzantine political maneuvering of the head of the UMCP, Warden Dios, as he attempts to thwart the machinations of his boss, Holt Fasner, who is the CEO of United Mining Companies (UMC) and the most powerful man in human space.
Each of the epics takes place against the backdrop of a threat to human survival itself from an alien species called the Amnion who use genetic mutation as a way to assimilate and overcome. Trade in raw materials (mostly ores) is carried out with the Amnion in exchange for technology, by both the UMC and illegals. Some illegals trade in Amnion territorial space, referred to as "forbidden space", out of bounds to the UMCP by treaty.
Donaldson wrote the series in part to be a reworking of Wagner's Ring Cycle. The "Gap" of the title refers to the faster-than-light drives used by the space vessels in order to cross great distances, an instantaneous occurrence similar to the notion of "folding" space.
The Gap series 
- The Gap into Conflict: The Real Story (1991)
- The Gap into Vision: Forbidden Knowledge (1991)
- The Gap into Power: A Dark and Hungry God Arises (1993)
- The Gap into Madness: Chaos and Order (1994)
- The Gap into Ruin: This Day All Gods Die (1996)
The 2008 reprinting of the series combines The Real Story and Forbidden Knowledge into a single volume. According to Donaldson's website, this was done at his request.
Other works 
Early work 
Donaldson has stated that, when he was younger, he wrote two fan-fiction novellas: one based on Marvel Comics' Thor, and the other based on Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness. These have never been published. As Donaldson grew older, he discovered that the sensation that he was "making it all up" himself was necessary for his imagination to work well. He now regards these early novellas as failed experiments in the process of discovering himself as a writer. He feels the same way about a play he wrote, whose performance at Kent State University convinced him that he was "not cut out to be a playwright".
Mordant's Need 
- The Mirror of Her Dreams (1986)
- A Man Rides Through (1987)
The Man Who 
The Man Who is a series of mystery novels written by Donaldson and published under the pseudonym Reed Stephens, derived from his full name, "Stephen Reeder Donaldson". Donaldson "always hated" writing under a false name, but was forced to do so by his publisher, Ballantine Books, who had a firm belief in "category publishing" and thought that readers would feel betrayed if books of such different genres were published under the name of a single author. However, the books sold poorly even when they were re-printed under Donaldson's name.
- The Man Who Killed His Brother (1980)
- The Man Who Risked His Partner (1984)
- The Man Who Tried to Get Away (1990)
- The Man Who Fought Alone (2001)
Short stories and collections 
- Gilden-Fire (1981). The story of Lords Shetra and Hyrim and the Bloodguard on their mission to Seareach. The events described took place during the Illearth War of Chronicle One.
- Daughter of Regals and Other Tales (1984)
- Daughter of Regals (1984)
- "What Makes Us Human"; appeared in The 1985 Annual World's Best SF (1985). Also published in Berserker Base, edited by Fred Saberhagen, and as one of the short stories in Reave the Just and Other Tales.
- Epic Fantasy in the Modern World: A Few Observations (1986)
- Strange Dreams (editor, 1993)
- Reave the Just and Other Tales (1999)
|Year||Award||Work (if applicable)|
|1977||Best Novel - British Fantasy Society||Lord Foul's Bane|
|1979||John W. Campbell Award for Best New Writer|
|1981||Balrog Fantasy Award - Best Novel||The Wounded Land|
|1983||Balrog Fantasy Award - Best Novel||The One Tree|
|1985||Balrog Fantasy Award - Best Collection||Daughter of Regals and Other Tales|
|1988||Science Fiction Book Club Award - Best Book of the Year||The Mirror of Her Dreams|
|1989||Science Fiction Book Club Award - Best Book of the Year||A Man Rides Through|
|1989||The College of Wooster Distinguished Alumni Award|
|1990||Julia Verlanger Award (France)||Mirror of Her Dreams|
|1991||WIN/WIN Popular Fiction Readers Choice Award for Favorite Fantasy Author|
|1992||Atlanta Fantasy Fair Award for Outstanding Achievement|
|1997||President's Award, International Association for the Fantastic in the Arts|
|2000||World Fantasy Award||Reave the Just and Other Tales|
Awards referenced from 
Honorary degrees 
- "Stephen R. Donaldson Criticism". Contemporary Literary Criticism. Enotes.com. Accessed 28 November 2010.
- Donaldson, Stephen R. (August 30, 2004). "Stephen R. Donaldson - Official Website". StephenRDonaldson.com. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
- Donaldson, Stephen R. (August 3, 2011). "Stephen R. Donaldson - Official Website". StephenRDonaldson.com. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
- Stephen R. Donaldson (28 September 2008). "Gradual Interview (September 2008): Stephen R. Donaldson - Official Website". Retrieved 21 June 2010.
- Donaldson, Stephen R. (April 14, 2004). "Stephen R. Donaldson - Official Website". StephenRDonaldson.com. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
- Donaldson, Stephen R. (December 18, 2009). "Stephen R. Donaldson - Official Website". StephenRDonaldson.com. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
- Donaldson, Stephen R. (March 9, 2011). "Stephen R. Donaldson - Official Website". StephenRDonaldson.com. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
- Donaldson, Stephen R. (December 22, 2004). "Stephen R. Donaldson - Official Website". StephenRDonaldson.com. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
- Donaldson, Stephen R. (October 12, 2005). "Stephen R. Donaldson - Official Website". StephenRDonaldson.com. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
- "Awards and nominations". SF BookCase. Retrieved 2007-10-10.
- "Honorary Degrees June 2009". 2009-06-17. Retrieved 2009-06-18.
Further reading 
- Clute, J; et al. (1999). The Encyclopedia of Fantasy. St. Martin's. p. 282. ISBN 1-85723-893-1.
- Hendrix, L.L. (1995). "The world of glass: The heroine's quest for identity in Spenser's Faerie Queen and Stephen R. Donaldson's Mirror of Her Dreams". Contributions to the Study of Science Fiction and Fantasy 65: 91–100.
- Keller, Dean H.; Nicholson, John W.; Dubois, Paul Z. (1986). Reading and the art of librarianship: selected essays of John B. Nicholson, Jr. New York: Haworth Press. p. 181. ISBN 0-86656-585-X.
- Laskar, B (2004). "Suicide and the absurd: The influence of Jean-Paul Sartre's and Albert Camus's existentialism on Stephen R. Donaldson's The Chronicles of Thomas Covenant The Unbeliever". J. of the Fantastic in the Arts 14: 409.
- Senior, W. A. (1995). Stephen R. Donaldson's Chronicles of Thomas Covenant: variations on the fantasy of tradition. [Kent, Ohio]: Kent State University Press. ISBN 0-87338-528-4.
- Ward, T.B. (2001). "Creative Cognition, Conceptual Combination, and the Creative Writing of Stephen R. Donaldson". American Psychologist 56 (4): 350–54. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.56.4.350. PMID 11330235. Retrieved 2008-02-22.
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Stephen R. Donaldson|
- Official website
- Kevin's Watch
- Stephen Donaldson Home Page at Kent State University
- Stephen R. Donaldson at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
- Stephen R. Donaldson at Fantasy Literature.net
- The Gradual Interview, an archive of 2,690 questions posed by fans and answered by Donaldson. Ran from February 2004 to August 2011.
- Interview on wotmania.com