John W. Campbell Award for Best New Writer

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For other awards, see Campbell Award.
John W. Campbell Award for Best New Writer
A five-pointed star pin made of fountain pen nibs resting in a small box
Pin given to all winners and nominees
Awarded for The best new writer whose first professional work of science fiction or fantasy was published within the two previous calendar years.
Presented by World Science Fiction Society
First awarded 1973
Currently held by Mur Lafferty

The John W. Campbell Award for Best New Writer is an award given annually to the best new writer whose first professional work of science fiction or fantasy was published within the two previous calendar years.[1] The prize is named in honor of science fiction editor and writer John W. Campbell, whose science fiction writing and role as editor of Analog Science Fiction and Fact made him one of the most influential editors in the early history of science fiction.[2] The award is sponsored by Dell Magazines, which publishes Analog.[1] The nomination and selection process is administered by the World Science Fiction Society (WSFS) represented by the current Worldcon committee, and the award is presented at the Hugo Award ceremony at the Worldcon, although it is not itself a Hugo Award.[3]

Members of the current and previous Worldcon are eligible to nominate new writers for the Campbell Award under the same procedures as the Hugo Awards.[4] Initial nominations are made by members in January through March, at which point a shortlist is made of the five most-nominated writers, with additional nominees possible in the case of ties. Voting on the ballot of five nominations is performed roughly in April through July, subject to change depending on when that year's Worldcon is held.[5] Writers become eligible once they have a work published anywhere in the world which was sold for more than a nominal amount.[6] While final decisions on eligibility are decided by the WSFS, the given criteria for an author to be eligible are specifically defined as someone who has had a written work in a publication which had more than 10,000 readers and which paid the writer at least 3 cents per word and a total of at least 50 US dollars.[7]

Works by winners and nominees of the Campbell Award were collected in the New Voices series of anthologies, edited by George R. R. Martin, which had five volumes covering the awards from 1973 through 1977 and which were published between 1977 and 1984.[8] Campbell nominees and winners, such as Michael A. Burstein, who was nominated in 1996 and won in 1997, have commented that the largest effect of winning or being nominated for a Campbell is not on sales but instead that it gives credibility with established authors and publishers.[9] Criticism has been raised about the Campbell that due to the eligibility requirements it honors writers that become well-known quickly, rather than necessarily the best or most influential authors from a historical perspective.[1]

Over the 42 years the award has been active, 174 writers have been nominated. Of these, 42 authors have won, including one tie. There have been 50 writers who were nominated twice, 16 of whom won the award in their second nomination.

Winners and nominees[edit]

In the following table, the years correspond to the date of the ceremony, rather than the year when the writer's eligible work was first published. Each year links to the corresponding "year in literature". Although the Campbell Award is not given explicitly for any particular work, and such works are not recorded by the World Science Fiction Society or Dell Magazines, a selection of works that the writer in question published in the eligibility period are listed. This list includes novels and short stories, and is not intended to be comprehensive. Entries with a blue background and an asterisk (*) next to the writer's name have won the award, while use of a plus sign (+) instead indicates ties; those with a white background are the other nominees on the shortlist.

  *   Winners and joint winners   +   Tied winners

Year Writer[3] Work(s) Ref.
1973 Pournelle, JerryJerry Pournelle* "Peace with Honor", A Spaceship for the King [10]
1973 Effinger, George AlecGeorge Alec Effinger "The Eight Thirty to Nine Slot", What Entropy Means to Me [11]
1973 Berman, RuthRuth Berman "Stretch of Time" [12]
1973 Martin, George R. R.George R. R. Martin "The Hero" [13]
1973 Thurston, RobertRobert Thurston "Stop Me before I Tell More" [14]
1973 Tuttle, LisaLisa Tuttle "Stranger in the House" [15]
1974 Robinson, SpiderSpider Robinson+ "The Guy with the Eyes" [16]
1974 Tuttle, LisaLisa Tuttle+ "Stranger in the House" [15]
1974 Miller, JesseJesse Miller "Pigeon City" [17]
1974 Monteleone, Thomas F.Thomas F. Monteleone "Wendigo's Child" [18]
1974 Snyder, GuyGuy Snyder Testament XXI [19]
1975 Plauger, P. J.P. J. Plauger* "Epicycle" [20]
1975 Brennert, AlanAlan Brennert "Nostalgia Tripping" [21]
1975 McKee Charnas, SuzySuzy McKee Charnas Walk to the End of the World [22]
1975 Gotschalk, Felix C.Felix C. Gotschalk "Outer Concentric", "The Examination" [23]
1975 Pearce, BrendaBrenda Pearce "Hot Spot" [24]
1975 Varley, JohnJohn Varley "Picnic on Nearside" [25]
1976 Reamy, TomTom Reamy* "Twilla", "San Diego Lightfoot Sue" [26]
1976 Varley, JohnJohn Varley "Picnic on Nearside" [25]
1976 Darnay, ArsenArsen Darnay "The Splendid Freedom", "Helium" [27]
1976 Vinge, Joan D.Joan D. Vinge Tin Soldier [28]
1976 Foster, M. A.M. A. Foster The Warriors of Dawn [29]
1977 Cherryh, C. J.C. J. Cherryh* Gate of Ivrel [30]
1977 Chalker, Jack L.Jack L. Chalker A Jungle of Stars [31]
1977 Foster, M. A.M. A. Foster The Warriors of Dawn [29]
1977 Scholz, CarterCarter Scholz "Closed Circuit" [32]
1978 Card, Orson ScottOrson Scott Card* "Ender's Game" [33]
1978 Donaldson, Stephen R.Stephen R. Donaldson Lord Foul's Bane [34]
1978 Chalker, Jack L.Jack L. Chalker A Jungle of Stars [31]
1978 Lynn, Elizabeth A.Elizabeth A. Lynn "We All Have to Go" [35]
1978 Sterling, BruceBruce Sterling "Man-Made Self", Involution Ocean [36]
1979 Donaldson, Stephen R.Stephen R. Donaldson* Lord Foul's Bane [34]
1979 Hogan, James P.James P. Hogan Inherit the Stars [37]
1979 Lynn, Elizabeth A.Elizabeth A. Lynn "We All Have to Go" [35]
1979 Felice, CynthiaCynthia Felice "Longshanks", Godsfire [38]
1979 Longyear, Barry B.Barry B. Longyear "The Tryouts" [39]
1979 Sheffield, CharlesCharles Sheffield "What Song the Sirens Sang" [40]
1980 Longyear, Barry B.Barry B. Longyear* "The Tryouts", Enemy Mine [39]
1980 Sucharitkul, SomtowSomtow Sucharitkul "Sunsteps" [41]
1980 Duane, DianeDiane Duane The Door into Fire [42]
1980 Abbey, LynnLynn Abbey Daughter of the Bright Moon [43]
1980 Jollie, Karen G.Karen G. Jollie "The Works of His Hand, Made Manifest" [44]
1980 Ryan, AlanAlan Ryan "Dragon Story" [45]
1981 Sucharitkul, SomtowSomtow Sucharitkul* "Sunsteps" [41]
1981 Forward, Robert L.Robert L. Forward "The Singing Diamond", Dragon's Egg [46]
1981 Petrey, Susan C.Susan C. Petrey "Spareen Among the Tartars" [47]
1981 Duane, DianeDiane Duane The Door into Fire [42]
1981 Stallman, RobertRobert Stallman The Orphan [48]
1981 Christensen, KevinKevin Christensen "A Dragon in the Man" [49]
1982 Gilliland, Alexis A.Alexis A. Gilliland* The Revolution from Rosinante, Long Shot for Rosinante [50]
1982 Stallman, RobertRobert Stallman The Orphan [48]
1982 Brin, DavidDavid Brin Sundiver [51]
1982 Williams, Paul O.Paul O. Williams The Breaking of Northwall, The Ends of the Circle [52]
1982 Swanwick, MichaelMichael Swanwick "The Feast of St Janis", "Ginungagap" [53]
1983 Williams, Paul O.Paul O. Williams* The Breaking of Northwall, The Ends of the Circle [52]
1983 Goldstein, LisaLisa Goldstein The Red Magician [54]
1983 Palmer, David R.David R. Palmer "Emergence" [55]
1983 Delaney, Joseph H.Joseph H. Delaney "Brainchild" [56]
1983 Miesel, SandraSandra Miesel Dreamrider [57]
1983 Norwood, WarrenWarren Norwood An Image of Voices [58]
1984 MacAvoy, R. A.R. A. MacAvoy* Tea with the Black Dragon [59]
1984 Delaney, Joseph H.Joseph H. Delaney "Brainchild", "In the Face of My Enemy" [56]
1984 Goldstein, LisaLisa Goldstein The Red Magician [54]
1984 Norwood, WarrenWarren Norwood An Image of Voices, Flexing the Warp [58]
1984 Tepper, Sheri S.Sheri S. Tepper King's Blood Four [60]
1984 Rosenberg, JoelJoel Rosenberg The Sleeping Dragon [61]
1985 Shepard, LuciusLucius Shepard* "The Taylorsville Reconstruction" [62]
1985 Scott, MelissaMelissa Scott The Game Beyond [63]
1985 Landis, Geoffrey A.Geoffrey A. Landis "Elemental" [64]
1985 Malcohn, ElissaElissa Malcohn "Lazuli" [65]
1985 Denton, BradleyBradley Denton "Music of the Spheres" [66]
1985 McDonald, IanIan McDonald "The Islands of the Dead" [67]
1986 Scott, MelissaMelissa Scott* The Game Beyond [63]
1986 Kay, Guy GavrielGuy Gavriel Kay The Summer Tree [68]
1986 Sagan, CarlCarl Sagan Contact [69]
1986 Fowler, Karen JoyKaren Joy Fowler "Recalling Cinderella" [70]
1986 Williams, TadTad Williams Tailchaser's Song [71]
1986 Zindell, DavidDavid Zindell "Shanidar" [72]
1987 Fowler, Karen JoyKaren Joy Fowler* "Recalling Cinderella", "Face Value" [70]
1987 Bujold, Lois McMasterLois McMaster Bujold "Barter", Shards of Honor [73]
1987 Kimbriel, Katharine EliskaKatharine Eliska Kimbriel Fire Sanctuary [74]
1987 Ore, RebeccaRebecca Ore "Projectile Weapons and Wild Alien Water" [75]
1987 Frankowski, LeoLeo Frankowski The Cross-Time Engineer [76]
1987 Reed, RobertRobert Reed "Mudpuppies" [77]
1988 Moffett, JudithJudith Moffett* "Surviving", Pennterra [78]
1988 Ore, RebeccaRebecca Ore "Projectile Weapons and Wild Alien Water" [75]
1988 Soukup, MarthaMartha Soukup "Dress Rehearsal" [79]
1988 Friedman, C. S.C. S. Friedman In Conquest Born [80]
1988 MacGregor, Loren J.Loren J. MacGregor The Net [81]
1989 Roessner, MichaelaMichaela Roessner* Walkabout Woman [82]
1989 Sherman, DeliaDelia Sherman Through a Brazen Mirror [83]
1989 Hinz, ChristopherChristopher Hinz Liege-Killer [84]
1989 Rusch, Kristine KathrynKristine Kathryn Rusch "Sing" [85]
1989 Rawn, MelanieMelanie Rawn Dragon Prince [86]
1989 Beese, P. J.P. J. Beese (Co-nomination) The Guardsman [87]
1989 Hamilton, Todd CameronTodd Cameron Hamilton (Co-nomination) The Guardsman [87]
1989 Sanders, WilliamWilliam Sanders Journey to Fusang [88]
1990 Rusch, Kristine KathrynKristine Kathryn Rusch* "Sing" [85]
1990 Steele, AllenAllen Steele "Live from the Mars Hotel", Orbital Decay [89]
1990 Collins, Nancy A.Nancy A. Collins Sunglasses After Dark [90]
1990 Cramer, John G.John G. Cramer Twistor [91]
1990 Neville, KatherineKatherine Neville The Eight [92]
1991 Ecklar, JuliaJulia Ecklar* "The Music Box", The Kobayashi Maru [93]
1991 Collins, Nancy A.Nancy A. Collins Sunglasses After Dark [90]
1991 Cramer, John G.John G. Cramer Twistor [91]
1991 Kandel, MichaelMichael Kandel Strange Invasion, In Between Dragons [94]
1991 Cupp, ScottScott Cupp "Thirteen Days of Glory" [95]
1992 Chiang, TedTed Chiang* "Tower of Babylon", "Understand" [96]
1992 Resnick, LauraLaura Resnick "No Room for the Unicorn" [97]
1992 Delaplace, BarbaraBarbara Delaplace "Wings" [98]
1992 Sagara, MichelleMichelle Sagara Into the Dark Lands [99]
1992 Gilman, Greer IleneGreer Ilene Gilman Moonwise [100]
1993 Resnick, LauraLaura Resnick* "No Room for the Unicorn" [97]
1993 DiChario, Nicholas A.Nicholas A. DiChario "The Winterberry" [101]
1993 Delaplace, BarbaraBarbara Delaplace "Wings" [98]
1993 Sagara, MichelleMichelle Sagara Into the Dark Lands [99]
1993 Lisle, HollyHolly Lisle Fire in the Mist [102]
1993 Richerson, CarrieCarrie Richerson "Apotheosis" [103]
1994 Thomson, AmyAmy Thomson* Virtual Girl [104]
1994 Lisle, HollyHolly Lisle Fire in the Mist [102]
1994 Richerson, CarrieCarrie Richerson "Apotheosis" [103]
1994 Willey, ElizabethElizabeth Willey The Well-Favored Man [105]
1994 Nimersheim, JackJack Nimersheim "A Fireside Chat" [106]
1995 Noon, JeffJeff Noon* Vurt [107]
1995 Savage, FelicityFelicity Savage "Ash Minette" [108]
1995 Dunn, Linda J.Linda J. Dunn "Sibling Rivalry" [109]
1995 Feintuch, DavidDavid Feintuch Midshipman's Hope [110]
1995 Marcus, DanielDaniel Marcus "Heart of Molten Stone" [111]
1996 Feintuch, DavidDavid Feintuch* Midshipman's Hope, Challenger's Hope [110]
1996 Savage, FelicityFelicity Savage "Ash Minette" [108]
1996 Burstein, Michael A.Michael A. Burstein "TeleAbsence" [112]
1996 Shinn, SharonSharon Shinn The Shape-Changer's Wife [113]
1996 Sullivan, TriciaTricia Sullivan Lethe [114]
1997 Burstein, Michael A.Michael A. Burstein* "TeleAbsence" [112]
1997 Shinn, SharonSharon Shinn The Shape-Changer's Wife [113]
1997 Garfinkle, RichardRichard Garfinkle Celestial Matters [115]
1997 Carter, RaphaelRaphael Carter The Fortunate Fall [116]
1997 Reimann, KatyaKatya Reimann Wind From a Foreign Sky [117]
1998 Russell, Mary DoriaMary Doria Russell* The Sparrow [118]
1998 Matthews, Susan R.Susan R. Matthews An Exchange of Hostages [119]
1998 Duncan, AndyAndy Duncan "Beluthahatchie" [120]
1998 Garfinkle, RichardRichard Garfinkle Celestial Matters [115]
1998 Carter, RaphaelRaphael Carter The Fortunate Fall [116]
1999 Hopkinson, NaloNalo Hopkinson* Brown Girl in the Ring [121]
1999 Baker, KageKage Baker In the Garden of Iden [122]
1999 Czerneda, Julie E.Julie E. Czerneda "First Contact" [123]
1999 Matthews, Susan R.Susan R. Matthews An Exchange of Hostages [119]
1999 Van Pelt, JamesJames Van Pelt "The Big One" [124]
2000 Doctorow, CoryCory Doctorow* "Craphound" [125]
2000 Klages, EllenEllen Klages "Time Gypsy" [126]
2000 Tourtellotte, ShaneShane Tourtellotte "I Don't Know and I Don't Care" [127]
2000 Smith, KristineKristine Smith Code of Conduct [128]
2000 Harlan, ThomasThomas Harlan The Shadow of Ararat [129]
2001 Smith, KristineKristine Smith* Code of Conduct [128]
2001 Walton, JoJo Walton The King's Peace [130]
2001 Harlan, ThomasThomas Harlan The Shadow of Ararat [129]
2001 Smith, DouglasDouglas Smith "State of Disorder" [131]
2001 Cambias, James L.James L. Cambias "A Diagram of Rapture" [132]
2002 Walton, JoJo Walton* The King's Peace [130]
2002 Irvine, Alexander C.Alexander C. Irvine "Rossetti Song" [133]
2002 Wharton, KenKen Wharton Divine Intervention [134]
2002 Spencer, WenWen Spencer Alien Taste [135]
2002 Buckell, Tobias S.Tobias S. Buckell "Fish Merchant" [136]
2003 Spencer, WenWen Spencer* Alien Taste [135]
2003 Finlay, Charles ColemanCharles Coleman Finlay "The Political Officer" [137]
2003 Wharton, KenKen Wharton Divine Intervention [134]
2003 Lowachee, KarinKarin Lowachee Warchild [138]
2003 Levine, David D.David D. Levine "Nucleon" [139]
2004 Lake, JayJay Lake* "Into the Gardens of Sweet Night" [140]
2004 Levine, David D.David D. Levine "Nucleon" [139]
2004 Lowachee, KarinKarin Lowachee Warchild [138]
2004 Pratt, TimTim Pratt "Little Gods" [141]
2004 Moriarty, ChrisChris Moriarty Spin State [142]
2005 Bear, ElizabethElizabeth Bear* Hammered [143]
2005 Swainston, StephSteph Swainston The Year of Our War [144]
2005 Bishop, K. J.K. J. Bishop The Etched City [145]
2005 Roberson, ChrisChris Roberson "O One" [146]
2005 Moles, DavidDavid Moles "The Third Party" [147]
2006 Scalzi, JohnJohn Scalzi* Old Man's War [148]
2006 Bishop, K. J.K. J. Bishop The Etched City [145]
2006 Monette, SarahSarah Monette Mélusine [149]
2006 Roberson, ChrisChris Roberson "O One", Here, There & Everywhere [146]
2006 Sanderson, BrandonBrandon Sanderson Elantris [150]
2006 Swainston, StephSteph Swainston The Year of Our War [144]
2007 Novik, NaomiNaomi Novik* His Majesty's Dragon [151]
2007 Lynch, ScottScott Lynch The Lies of Locke Lamora [152]
2007 Monette, SarahSarah Monette Mélusine [149]
2007 Sanderson, BrandonBrandon Sanderson Elantris, Mistborn: The Final Empire [150][153]
2007 Schoen, Lawrence M.Lawrence M. Schoen The Sky's the Limit [154]
2008 Kowal, Mary RobinetteMary Robinette Kowal* "Portrait of Ari" [155]
2008 Lynch, ScottScott Lynch The Lies of Locke Lamora [152]
2008 Edelman, David LouisDavid Louis Edelman Infoquake [156]
2008 Abercrombie, JoeJoe Abercrombie The Blade Itself [157]
2008 Armstrong, JonJon Armstrong Grey [158]
2008 Durham, David AnthonyDavid Anthony Durham Acacia: The War with the Mein [159]
2009 Durham, David AnthonyDavid Anthony Durham* Acacia: The War with the Mein [159]
2009 Bodard, Aliette deAliette de Bodard "Butterfly, Falling At Dawn" [160]
2009 Gilman, FelixFelix Gilman Thunderer [161]
2009 Pi, TonyTony Pi "Metamorphoses in Amber" [162]
2009 Sellar, GordGord Sellar "Lester Young and the Jupiter's Moons' Blues" [163]
2010 McGuire, SeananSeanan McGuire* Rosemary and Rue [164]
2010 Gilman, FelixFelix Gilman Thunderer [161]
2010 Carriger, GailGail Carriger Soulless [165]
2010 Robyn, LezliLezli Robyn "Soulmates" [166]
2010 Ahmed, SaladinSaladin Ahmed "Hooves and the Hovel of Abdel Jameela" [167]
2011 Grossman, LevLev Grossman* The Magicians [168]
2011 Ahmed, SaladinSaladin Ahmed "Hooves and the Hovel of Abdel Jameela" [167]
2011 Beukes, LaurenLauren Beukes Zoo City [169]
2011 Correia, LarryLarry Correia Monster Hunter International [170]
2011 Wells, DanDan Wells I Am Not a Serial Killer [171]
2012 Yu, E. LilyE. Lily Yu* "The Cartographer Wasps and the Anarchist Bees" [172]
2012 Lafferty, MurMur Lafferty "1963: The Argument Against Louis Pasteur" [172]
2012 Leicht, StinaStina Leicht Of Blood and Honey [172]
2012 Lord, KarenKaren Lord Redemption in Indigo [172]
2012 Torgersen, Brad R.Brad R. Torgersen "Ray of Light" [172]
2013 Lafferty, MurMur Lafferty* "1963: The Argument Against Louis Pasteur" [173]
2013 Cho, ZenZen Cho The Perilous Life of Jade Yeo [173]
2013 Gladstone, MaxMax Gladstone Three Parts Dead [173]
2013 Leicht, StinaStina Leicht Of Blood and Honey, And Blue Skies From Pain [173]
2013 Wendig, ChuckChuck Wendig Blackbirds [173]
2014 Chu, WesleyWesley Chu The Lives of Tao [174]
2014 Gladstone, MaxMax Gladstone Three Parts Dead [174]
2014 Naam, RamezRamez Naam Nexus [174]
2014 Samatar, SofiaSofia Samatar A Stranger in Olondria [174]
2014 Sriduangkaew, BenjanunBenjanun Sriduangkaew Chang'e Dashes from the Moon [174]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "The Locus index to SF Awards: About the John W. Campbell Award for Best New Writer". Locus. Oakland, California: Locus. Archived from the original on 2012-01-19. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  2. ^ Malcolm J. Edwards (1994) [1993]. Clute, John & Nicholls, Peter, ed. The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 199. ISBN 0-312-09618-6. 
  3. ^ a b "Campbell Award". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2012-01-19. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  4. ^ "The Hugo Awards: FAQ". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  5. ^ "The Hugo Awards: Introduction". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-20. 
  6. ^ "John W. Campbell Award Eligibility Page". Writertopia. Archived from the original on 2012-01-19. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  7. ^ "Campbell Award Eligibility FAQ". Writertopia. Archived from the original on 2012-01-19. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  8. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. New Voices
  9. ^ Michael A. Burstein. "Comments on the Campbell Award". Writertopia. Archived from the original on 2012-01-19. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  10. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Pournelle, Jerry
  11. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Effinger, George Alec
  12. ^ Berman, Ruth (October 1972). "Stretch of Time". Analog Science Fact & Fiction (110): 158–164. 
  13. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Martin, George R. R.
  14. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Thurston, Robert
  15. ^ a b The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Tuttle, Lisa
  16. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Robinson, Spider
  17. ^ Miller, Jesse (November 1972). "Pigeon City". Analog Science Fact & Fiction (Condé Nast Publications) 90 (3): 86–116. ISSN 1059-2113. 
  18. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Monteleone, Thomas F.
  19. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Snyder, Guy
  20. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Plauger, P. J.
  21. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Brennert, Alan
  22. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Charnas, Suzy McKee
  23. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Gotschalk, Felix C.
  24. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Pearce, Brenda
  25. ^ a b The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Varley, John
  26. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Reamy, Tom
  27. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Darnay, Arsen
  28. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Vinge, Joan D.
  29. ^ a b The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Foster, M. A.
  30. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Cherryh, C. J.
  31. ^ a b The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Chalker, Jack L.
  32. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Scholz, Carter
  33. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Card, Orson Scott
  34. ^ a b The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Donaldson, Stephen R
  35. ^ a b The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Lynn, Elizabeth A.
  36. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Sterling, Bruce
  37. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Hogan, James P.
  38. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Felice, Cynthia
  39. ^ a b The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Longyear, Barry B.
  40. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Sheffield, Charles
  41. ^ a b The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Somtow, S. P.
  42. ^ a b The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Duane, Diane
  43. ^ Abbey, Lynn (1979). Daughter of the Bright Moon. Ace Books. ISBN 978-0-441-13878-4. 
  44. ^ Jollie, Karen G. (1978). "The Works of His Hand, Made Manifest". In Roy Torgeson. Chrysalis, Volume 2. Kensington Books. pp. 255–282. ISBN 0-89083-381-8. 
  45. ^ Ryan, Alan (1978). "Dragon Story". In Roy Torgeson. Chrysalis, Volume 2. Kensington Books. pp. 141–148. ISBN 0-89083-381-8. 
  46. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Forward, Robert L.
  47. ^ Petrey, Susan C. (September 1979). "Spareen Among the Tartars". The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction (Mercury Press) 57 (3): 90–104. ISSN 1095-8258. 
  48. ^ a b The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Stallman, Robert
  49. ^ Christensen, Kevin (February 1980). "A Dragon in the Man". Destinies (Ace Books) 2 (1): 305–315. ISBN 0-441-14305-9. 
  50. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Gilliland, Alexis A.
  51. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Brin, David
  52. ^ a b The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Williams, Paul O.
  53. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Swanwick, Michael
  54. ^ a b The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Goldstein, Lisa
  55. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Palmer, David
  56. ^ a b The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Delaney, Joseph H.
  57. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Miesel, Sandra
  58. ^ a b The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Norwood, Warren C.
  59. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. MacAvoy, R. A.
  60. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Tepper, Sherri S.
  61. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Rosenberg, Joel
  62. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Shepard, Lucius
  63. ^ a b The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Scott, Melissa
  64. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Landis, Geoffrey A.
  65. ^ Malcohn, Elissa (November 1984). "Lazuli". Isaac Asimov's Science Fiction Magazine (Davis Publications) 8 (11): 72–94. ISSN 1065-2698. 
  66. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Denton, Bradley
  67. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. McDonald, Ian
  68. ^ Kay, Guy Gavriel (1984). The Summer Tree. McClelland & Stewart. ISBN 0-7710-4472-0. 
  69. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Sagan, Carl
  70. ^ a b The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Fowler, Karen Joy
  71. ^ Williams, Tad (1985). Tailchaser's Song. DAW Books. ISBN 0-8099-0002-5. 
  72. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Zindell, David
  73. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Bujold, Lois McMaster
  74. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Kimbriel, Katharine Eliska
  75. ^ a b The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Ore, Rebecca
  76. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Frankowski, Leo A.
  77. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Reed, Robert
  78. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Moffett, Judith
  79. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Soukup, Martha
  80. ^ Friedman, C. S. (1986). In Conquest Born. DAW Books. ISBN 0-88677-198-6. 
  81. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. MacGregor, Loren J.
  82. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Roessner, Michaela
  83. ^ Sherman, Delia (1988). Through a Brazen Mirror. Ace Books. ISBN 0-441-89687-1. 
  84. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Hinz, Christopher
  85. ^ a b The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Rusch, Kristine Kathryn
  86. ^ Rawn, Melanie (1988). Dragon Prince. DAW Books. ISBN 0-88677-450-0. 
  87. ^ a b The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Beese, P. J.
  88. ^ Sanders, William (1988). Journey to Fusang. Popular Library. ISBN 0-445-20765-5. 
  89. ^ The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, 3rd ed. Steele, Allen
  90. ^ a b Collins, Nancy A. (1989). Sunglasses After Dark. Onyx Books. ISBN 0-451-40147-6. 
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References[edit]