Sthanika Brahmins

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Sthanika Brahmin
Jnanashakthi Subrahmanya.jpg
Kuladevata - Shri Subrahmanya Swami
Regions with significant populations
Indian states of Karnataka, Maharashtra, Kerala
Languages
Tulu, Kannada
Religion

Hinduism

Sampradaya: Smarthas

Veda Shakha: Rigvedi

Sootra: Ashwalayana Sutra

Sthānika Brāhmins/Shiva Brāhmins[1][2][3] belong to Hindu Pancha Dravida Smartha Brahmin group. They are primarily from the coastal Karnataka (Kanara) also known as Parasurama Kshetra. Sthānika Brahmins are referred to as Subrahmanya Brāhmins as Lord Subrahmanya is their kuladevata [1] Sthānika Brāhmins follow Smartha tradition and are disciples of the Sri Sringeri Jagadguru Samsthanam following Advaita Vedanta from the time of Sri Adi Shankara [1] [2] [4]

Caste[edit]

Sthānika's are a subsect of Smartha Brahmins.

History[edit]

Sthānika Brahmins acquired their name owing to their managerial positions. The word Sthānika is a sanskrit word and has meanings such as 'governor of a place', 'tax collector', 'one who holds managerial position', 'people of local place' etc.[5][6] Custodians of temples in Karnataka were recognised as Sthānika or Sthānapati [7]

Once Sthānika Brahāmins were highly respected by, for their character, knowledge, proficiency, and efficiency. During the British Kingdom local rulers lost their power and it directly affected the Sthanika Brahamins, who lost their administrative position who joined their hands in freedom fights. [8] Sthanika Brahmins lost their authority also because of Madhva and Shaiva disputes happened during fifteenth century. [9] Today sthanikas being well educated and economically well positioned joining their hands establishing unity among the different subsects of Dravida Brahmins and continue to be disciples of Sringeri Sharada Peetham.

Followers of Adi Shankara

Deities and festivals[edit]

Sthānika brāhmins offer Panchayatana puja worship introduced by Adi Shankara and celebrate all the festivals of South Canara. They mainly belong to the "Rig-Shakha" and are of different gotras .[1][10][11]

Gotra and pravara[edit]

The following gotras and pravaras are found in the community.[12][dubious ][2]

Gotra Pravara
Vishwāmitra Vaishwāmitra — Devarāta — Oudala
Vishwāmitra Vaishwāmitra — Mādhucchandasa- Dhānanjaya
Kāshyapa Kāshyapa — Avatsāra — Naidhruva
Vasista Vāsista — Indrapramada — Bharadwasu
Āngirasa Āngirasa — Āmbarisha — Youvanāshwa
Bharadwaja Angirasa - Bhāraspatya - Bhāradwaja
Bhārgava Bhargava - Chyavana - Apnavaan
Atri Ātreya - Archanānasa - Shyāvashwa

Food[edit]

Sthanika Brahmins are pure vegetarians.[13]

Family Names/Surnames[edit]

  • Ayya: Singular form of Iyer or Iyendar
  • Nattoja: meaning Sthapanacharya (founder) and Governor (Nattoja family is said to be the founders of Polali Rajarajeshwari & Puttur Mahalingeshwara Temples)[1][14]
  • Moroja: Governor and High Priest of the mayoora kshetra/Kukke Subramanya Temple (When Kukke was under the administration of Sringeri Mutt) [1][10][15][10]
  • Upadhyaya: Meaning Teacher [1]
  • Kaulige [1]
  • Bhat
  • Shanubhogue
  • Hebbar

Associations[edit]

  • Adwaitha Samithi - an inter communal registered association of pancha Dravida Brahmans has also been formed by the leaders of the community and has its own building Adwaitha Ashrama (Now Belongs to Sringeri Mutt), at Kotekar near Ullal, five miles to the south of Mangalore [16]
  • Shri Subramanya Sabha, Founded about 99 years back and registered on 1942 [17]
  • Sthanika Dravida Brahmana Sangha, Kunjibettu, Udupi, Karnataka. - 576101[18]
  • Akhila Bharata Sthanika Brahmana Sabha, Jnanashakthi Mantap, Kodigehalli post, Vishwaneedum, Bangalore.
  • Bangalore Sthanika Brahmana Sabha
  • Shri Jnanashakthi Samskruthika Sabha
  • Sthanika Brahmana Sangha, Kundapura
  • Sthanika Brahmana Sangha, Bantwal

Publications[edit]

These publications, carries information about the happenings of the Community,like festivals, meetings, Religious programmes etc.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Tulunadu, Dr. P. Gururaja Bhat
  2. ^ a b c Tulunadina Itihasadalli Sthanika Brahmanaru, Dr. P Gururaja Bhat, Rajesh Power Press, Puttur, Year 2012
  3. ^ People of India: A - G., Volume 4, p. 3366
  4. ^ Sthanikas of Kanara District (North & South), CheraNattoja Shiva Rao, Mangalore Press, Year 1944, Page 10
  5. ^ Sthanikas of Kanara District (North & South), CheraNattoja Shiva Rao, Mangalore Press, Year 1944
  6. ^ India :: Mauryan government - Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  7. ^ Chattopadhyaya, Brajadulal (1990). Aspects of rural settlements and rural society in early medieval India. Centre for Studies in Social Sciences — K.P. Bagchi & Co. p. 104. ISBN 9788170740551. Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  8. ^ Sthanikas and their Historical Importance (1938), by Dr. B. A. Saletore, M. A., Ph. D.(Lond.) D. Phil (Giessen)
  9. ^ Being Brahmin, Being Modern: Exploring the Lives of Caste Today, Ramesh Bairy TS, 2010, p.163, ISBN 978-0415585767
  10. ^ a b c The Quarterly Journal of the Mythic Society (Bangalore)., Volume 92, p.179
  11. ^ Sthanikas of Kanara District (North & South), CheraNattoja Shiva Rao, Mangalore Press, Year 1944, p.11
  12. ^ Ahnika Darpanam — Dr. N.V Upadhyaya
  13. ^ Sthanikas of Kanara District (North & South), CheraNattoja Shiva Rao, Mangalore Press, Year 1944, Page 11
  14. ^ Sthanikas of Kanara District (North & South), CheraNattoja Shiva Rao, Mangalore Press, Year 1944, p. 6
  15. ^ Sthanikas of Kanara District (North & South), CheraNattoja Shiva Rao, Mangalore Press, Year 1944, p.6
  16. ^ Sthanikas of Kanara District (North & South), CheraNattoja Shiva Rao, Mangalore Press, Year 1944, p. 11
  17. ^ Sthanikas of Kanara District (North & South), CheraNattoja Shiva Rao, Mangalore Press, Year 1944, Page 11
  18. ^ Antiquities of South Kanara, P. Gururaja Bhatt, Prabhakara Press, 1969, South Kanara (India), p.28

External links[edit]