Storozhynets

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Storozhynets
Сторожинець
Storojineţ
Flag of Storozhynets
Flag
Coat of arms of Storozhynets
Coat of arms
Storozhynets is located in Ukraine
Storozhynets
Storozhynets
Coordinates: 48°09′35″N 25°42′54″E / 48.15972°N 25.71500°E / 48.15972; 25.71500
Country  Ukraine
Oblast Flag of Chernivtsi Oblast.png Chernivtsi Oblast
First mention 1448
Government
 • Major Iryna Poraïko
Area
 • Total 5,8 km2 (22 sq mi)
Elevation 366 m (1,201 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 14,506
 • Density 2,501/km2 (6,480/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 59000 — 59004
Area code(s) +380 3735
Historical Flag of Bukovina.
Storojinet County within Romania, 1930.

Storozhynets (Ukrainian: Сторожинець, translit. Storozhynets’, see other names below) is a small city located in Chernivtsi Oblast of western Ukraine, north of the border with Romania. It is the administrative center of Storozhynets Raion and is located approximately 20 km (12 mi) south-west of the oblast capital, Chernivtsi.

Storozhynets is located in the historic region of Bukovina, which has been governed by Moldavia (before 1774), the Austrian empire (1774–1918), Romania (1918–1940 and 1941–1944), the USSR (1940–1941 and 1944–1991) and Ukraine (since 1991).

Coordinates: 48°10′N 25°43′E / 48.167°N 25.717°E / 48.167; 25.717

Other names[edit]

Other names for the city include:

  • Storozynetz (German)
  • Storojineţ (Romanian)
  • Strozhnitz (סטראזשניץ - Yiddish)
  • Storožynec (Slovak)
  • Storożyniec (Polish)
  • Storozhinets (Сторожинец - Russian)

History[edit]

Storozhynets was a part of the Principality of Moldavia and was first mentioned in 1448. The first inhabitants were a settlement of loggers. In 1774 Austria added Bukovina to its territories. It was marked with great changes as Austrians and Germans arrived en masse. There were schools with German, Romanian, and Ukrainian as their languages of instruction.

Since the second half of the 19th century, a rapid population growth began with the arrival of Jews to the city, as well as Hungarian and Romanian businessmen, legal and banking officials most of whom were Jews. In 1854 Storozhynets received the status of city. By the end of the 19th century and early 20th century, the city was populated mainly by Jews.

In 1903 in Storozhinets opened a private school. In May 21, 1904 Storozhynets became a county. Trade, industry, agriculture, science, education and culture have developed a rapid pace.

But after World War I, its territory ended with a new status as Northern Bukovina became part of the Kingdom of Romania. In 1921, Romanian became the official language, and Ukrainian language was prohibited. In 1940, 28 June, Northern Bukovina was occupied by the Soviet troops. By 5 July 1941, Storozhinets streets were receiving a large number of troops from Nazi Germany and Romania. Between 1941 - 1943 all the Jewish population were killed or deported to concentration camps in Transnistria.

Demographics[edit]

1930 Romanian Census[edit]

  • Romanians 3,390 (38.98%)
  • Jews 2,480 (28.52%)
  • Polish 1,017 (11.69%)
  • Ruthenians/Ukrainians 853 (9.81%)
  • Germans 655 (7.53%)

Total 8,695

Famous people[edit]

  • Iancu Flondor
  • Rabbi Shulem Gershon Ginsburgh the last Rabbi of Strozhnitz, he was the son in law of Rabbi Yisroel Yaakov of Chust.
  • Grand Rabbi Yisochor Ber Rosenbaum of Strozhnitz, author of Divrei Yisochor (d. 1980), son of Rabbi Issomor Rosenbaum of Nadvorna, son-in-law of Rabbi Yisachar Bertchi Leifer of Nadvorna-Satmar.
  • Rabbi Yitschok Yaakov Dovid Hager of Strozhnits, son of Imrei Boruch of Vizhnitz

See also[edit]

External links[edit]