Sven Hassel

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Sven Hassel (19 April 1917 – 21 September 2012 in Barcelona[1]) was a Danish-born writer who wrote novels set during World War II.

Biography[edit]

Hassel was born as Sven Pedersen at Frederiksborg, Zealand, Denmark, and later adopted his mother's maiden name, Hassel. At the age of 14 he joined the merchant navy as a cabin boy and worked on ships until his military service in 1936. In 1937, to escape the Great Depression, the unemployed Hassel moved to Germany to join the army. In an interview in 1990, he said, "Germany happened to be closer than England, I went to a Wehrmacht recruiting office to enlist, but it wasn't as easy as I had thought. Only German citizens could serve. After six months of trying to join up, the Seventh Cavalry Regiment finally accepted me on the condition that I became a naturalized German."[citation needed]

Hassel served with the 2nd Panzer Division stationed at Eisenach and in 1939 was a tank driver during the invasion of Poland.[citation needed] A year later he attempted to escape. He served with the 2nd Cavalry Regiment and later the 11th and 27th Panzer Regiments (6th Panzer Division) on all fronts except North Africa and was wounded several times. Eventually he reached the rank of lieutenant and received an Iron Cross 1st and 2nd class. He surrendered to Soviet troops in Berlin in 1945 and spent the following years in various POW camps. He began to write his first book, Legion of the Damned while he was interned.[citation needed]

He was released in 1949 and was planning to join the French Foreign Legion when he met Dorthe Jensen, whom he married in 1951. He went to work in a car factory, but his wife encouraged him to continue to write about his experiences. Legion of the Damned was published in 1953. In 1957 Hassel suffered from an attack of a sickness caught during the war and was paralyzed for almost two years. After recovery, he began to write more books. In 1964 he moved to Barcelona, Spain, where he lived until his death. In total he published 14 novels which have been translated into 18 languages. In 1987 his book Wheels of Terror was made into a film titled the same, but also known as The Misfit Brigade.[2][3]

Works[edit]

Hassel's books are written in the first person, with Hassel himself as a character, though not necessarily the lead character. The books describe the exploits of a 27th (Penal) Panzer Regiment composed of expendable soldiers – sentenced criminals, court-martialed soldiers and political undesirables. In addition to Sven, they include Alfred Kalb, "Legionnaire" (ex-member of the French Foreign Legion); Wolfgang Creutzfeldt, a giant of a man ironically named Tiny (variously Little John in some of the books); barracks fixer and shrewd thief Joseph Porta; older sergeant Willie Beier, "Old Un" or "Old Man"; Julius Heide, an ex-Waffen SS NCO and Nazi fanatic, Barcelona Blom, a veteran of both sides of the Spanish Civil War, Gregor Martin, who was a removals man before the war, Chief Mechanic Wolf, and Staff Sergeant Hoffman, a non-commissioned officer. They serve on many fronts, including northern Finland, Russia, Italy (Monte Cassino), Greece (The Bloody Road to Death), the Balkans, and France (Liquidate Paris, set during and after the Normandy Invasion). The majority of the action occurs in Russia. Due to errors in chronology, the regiment fights in several places, hundreds of kilometres apart, at the same time. In some of the books the 27th Regiment does guard duty for the Gestapo in Hamburg (Assignment Gestapo) and also at the military prison at Torgau (March Battalion). Hassel states that the characters are based on real people and events are related to historical events.[citation needed]

Hassel's view of war is brutal.[4] In his books, soldiers fight only to survive, with the Geneva Convention rarely being observed on the Russian front. People are killed by chance or with very little reason. Occasional pleasant events and peaceful meetings are brutally cut short. Unsympathetic Prussian officers constantly threaten their men with courts-martial and execute them with little provocation. Disgruntled soldiers occasionally kill their own officers to get rid of them. By graphically portraying war as violent and hopeless in such manner, Hassel's books have been said to contain an anti-war message. His first book Legion of the Damned has been compared to a much grislier, darker more terrifying version of Erich Maria Remarque's All Quiet on the Western Front.[5]

Hassel's books are particularly popular in the United Kingdom, where he sold 15 million of the 53m sold worldwide.[6]

Controversy[edit]

The Danish writer Erik Haaest has been disputing Hassel's claims for many years.[7] Haaest writes that Sven Hassel is actually Børge Villy Redsted Pedersen, a Danish Nazi who never served on the Russian front. According to Haaest, the author spent the majority of World War II in occupied Denmark and his knowledge of warfare comes second-hand from Danish Waffen-SS veterans whom he met after the end of the war. Haaest also alleges that Hassel's first novel was ghostwritten and when it became a success, he employed his wife to write the rest of his books. Haaest claims that during the war period, Pedersen/Hassel, was in fact a member of the HIPO Corps or Hilfspolizei, an auxiliary Danish police force created by the Gestapo, consisting of collaborators. According to Haaest, Pedersen aka Hassel was actually put on trial in Denmark, but avoided a death sentence – a fate that many HIPO members faced. However, Haaest himself became a subject of controversy. In 2007, the Danish Arts Council was criticized for providing funding to Haaest for research into Danes who served in the SS, on the grounds that Haaest had stated that the concentration camp gas chambers never existed and that the Diary of Anne Frank was a forgery.[8]

Bibliography[edit]

English titles:[9]

  • The Legion of the Damned
  • Wheels of Terror
  • Comrades of War
  • March Battalion
  • Assignment Gestapo
  • Monte Cassino (The Beast Regiment)
  • Liquidate Paris
  • SS-General
  • Reign of Hell ISBN 0-304-36690-0
  • Blitzfreeze
  • The Bloody Road to Death
  • Court Martial
  • O.G.P.U. Prison
  • The Commissar

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kulørt dansk krigsforfatter er død". Jyllands-Posten. 2012-09-23. Retrieved 2012-09-23. 
  2. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0093546
  3. ^ Wheels of Terror / The Misfit Brigade in the covershut website
  4. ^ SS General (Cassell Military Paperbacks). "Brutality of the Second World War". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  5. ^ "Book comparison and critique". Everything2.org. 2005-06-06. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  6. ^ "Sven Hassel obituary". The Guardian. 2 October 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2014. 
  7. ^ "Erik Haaest challenging Hassel's claims". Home.tiscali.dk. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  8. ^ Anna von Sperling. "Kunstrådet giver penge til Holocaust-skeptiker". information.dk. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  9. ^ "Books by the author". Librarything.com. 1917-04-19. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 

External links[edit]