|Birth name||Talmage Holt Farlow|
June 7, 1921|
Greensboro, North Carolina, United States
|Died||July 25, 1998
New York City, New York
|Associated acts||Red Norvo, Artie Shaw|
Talmage Holt Farlow (June 7, 1921 – July 25, 1998) was an American jazz guitarist. Nicknamed the "Octopus", for his extremely large hands spread over the fretboard as if they were tentacles, he is considered one of the all-time great jazz guitarists. Where other similar players of his day combined rhythmic chords with linear melodies, Farlow preferred placing single notes together in clusters, varying between harmonically enriched tones based on a startling new technique.
Farlow was born in Greensboro, North Carolina, in 1921. Nearly as famous for his reluctance to perform publicly as for his outstanding abilities, he did not take up the instrument until he was 21, but within a year was playing professionally and in 1948 was with Marjorie Hyams' band. While with the Red Norvo Trio from 1949 to 1953, Farlow became famous in the jazz world. His huge hands and ability to play rapid yet light lines, which earned him the nickname "Octopus", made him one of the top guitarists of the era. After six months with Artie Shaw's Gramercy Five in 1953, Farlow put together his own group, which for a time included pianist Eddie Costa.
In 1958, Farlow retired from full-time performing and settled in Sea Bright, New Jersey, returning to a career as a sign painter. He continued to play occasional dates in local clubs, however. In 1962 the Gibson Guitar Corporation, with Farlow's participation, produced the "Tal Farlow" model in their prestigious Artist Model line. The guitar seen in the picture at right being played by Farlow is a prototype model. The production model has a mandolin-style scroll at the top of the body.
In 1968 while living in Sea Bright, Tal Farlow visited Phil Petillo's Studio Workshop every Saturday until the early 1980s. Petillo, with Farlow,
built what was known as the Full House Concept First Octave Divider which was a stool that had a built-in amplifier and a pedal to control it. It provided smooth, rich warmth to the sound of the guitar with volume without distortion while allowing the artist more freedom of movement when performing. At this time, Phillip designed a specialized guitar for Tal with a moving pickup that had nylon tracks underneath the pickguard to adjust the pickup in any position between the end of the fingerboard and bridge for jazz performances to suit his own individual needs, and to introduce young players to jazz and its components.
They had a good creative working relationship for many years.
Farlow made only one record as a leader during 1960–1975, but emerged more often during 1976–1984, recording for Concord fairly regularly before largely disappearing again. He was profiled in the documentary film, Talmage Farlow, made in 1980/81. The guitarist can be heard on his records for Blue Note (a 10" LP in 1954), Norgran (later Verve, 1954–60), and Prestige (1969), as well as those for Concord. In 1991, Tal recorded in Paris "Standards Recital" (Elabeth) in duet with Philippe Petit, the french Jazz guitar player.
- The Tal Farlow Quartet (1954; Blue Note)
- The Tal Farlow Album (1954; Norgran)
- Autumn In New York (1954; Verve)
- The Artistry of Tal Farlow (1955; Norgran)
- The Interpretations of Tal Farlow (1955; Norgran)
- A Recital by Tal Farlow (1955; Norgran)
- Swing Guitars (1955; Norgran)
- Poppin' and Burnin' (1955; Verve)
- Guitar Player (1974; Prestige)
- Tal (1956; Norgran)
- Fuerst Set (1956; Xanadu Records)
- Second Set (1956; Xanadu)
- Metronome All-Stars, 1956 Verve MGV 8030
- The Swinging Guitar of Tal Farlow (1957; Verve)
- This is Tal Farlow (1958; Verve)
- The Guitar Artistry of Tal Farlow (1960; Verve)
- Tal Farlow Plays the Music of Harold Arlen (1960; Verve)
- The Return of Tal Farlow (1969; Prestige Records)
- Trinity (1976; CBS Sony)
- A Sign of the Times (1977; Concord)
- Tal Farlow '78 (1978; Concord)
- On Stage (1981; Concord)
- Chromatic Palette (1981; Concord)
- Cookin' on all Burners (1983; Concord)
- The Legendary Tal Farlow (1985; Concord)
- All Strings Attached (1987; JazzVisions)
- Standards Recital (1993; FD Music)
- Project G-5: A Tribute to Wes Montgomery (1993; Evidence Records)
- Jazz Masters 41 Tal Farlow (1995; Verve)
- Tal Farlow (1996; Giants of Jazz)
- Chance Meeting (1997; Guitarchives Tal Farlow & Lenny Breau - Music from the Soundtrack of Talmage Farlow.)
- Live at the Public Theatre (2000; Productions A-Propos The Tal Farlow Trio (with Tommy Flanagan & Red Mitchell - Music from the Soundtrack of Talmage Farlow.)
- Tal Farlow's Finest Hour (2001; Verve)
- Tal's Blues (2002; Past Perfect)
- Two Guys with Guitars (2004; Frozen Sky Records)
- The Complete Verve Tal Farlow Sessions (2004; Mosaic)
With Sonny Criss
- Up, Up and Away (Prestige, 1967)
- Tal Farlow biography at AllMusic
- Tal Farlow at Find a Grave
- "Talmage Farlow Documentary Film Collection, 1979-2011". Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.