Talbot Hobbs

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Sir Talbot Hobbs
Lieutenant General Talbot Hobbs.jpg
Lieutenant General Talbot Hobbs in 1928
Born 24 August 1864
London, England
Died 21 April 1938(1938-04-21) (aged 73)
At sea
Allegiance Australian Army
Years of service 1883 – 1927
Rank Lieutenant General
Commands held 5th Division
1st Division
1st Division Artillery
Battles/wars

World War I

Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
Volunteer Decoration
Mention in Despatches (8)

Lieutenant General Sir Joseph John Talbot Hobbs KCB, KCMG, VD (24 August 1864 – 21 April 1938)[1] was an Australian architect and First World War general.

Early life[edit]

Hobbs was born in London, the son of Joseph and his wife Frances Ann Hobbs, née Wilson.[1] Educated at St Mary's church school, Merton, Surrey, Hobbs joined the volunteer artillery in 1883. He also worked as draughtsman for a builder, John Hurst. In 1886 he emigrated with Hurst to Western Australia and established an architectural practice in Perth in 1887.

Hobbs designed many of the well known public buildings in Perth and Fremantle, including the Weld Club, the Savoy Hotel and the Perth Masonic Lodge. Hobbs was treasurer of the Western Australian Institute of Architects in 1896, and later became the institute's president from 1909 to 1911.[1] From 1905, he was senior partner in the firm of architects, Hobbs, Smith & Forbes.

Hobbs also designed a number of private residences. The first of these is believed to be Samson House in Fremantle, an example of late 19th century colonial style, which was built in two stages between 1888 and 1890. The house is registered with the National Trust, and is in the Register of the National Estate.[2]

Military career[edit]

In 1893, Hobbs joined the volunteer artillery as a gunner, and rose to the command of the battery in 1897. In 1906 he was a Lieutenant Colonel commanding a West Australian mixed brigade, and in 1913 a colonel commanding the 22nd infantry brigade. On four occasions he went to England and did intensive courses in artillery training with the British army. He was thus thoroughly equipped when war broke out, and on 8 August 1914 was selected by General Bridges to command the 1st Australian divisional artillery. After training in Egypt, he was at the landing at Gallipoli on 25 April 1915 and was soon ashore searching for positions for his guns. Hobbs clashed with Bridges over the placement of the guns. Hobbs was in command of the artillery until 9 November 1915 when he was struck down with dysentery and invalided to Cairo despite his protests.[1]

Hobbs was then promoted Brigadier General and made a Companion of the Order of the Bath. In March 1916 he went with the first Australian division to France, and was in command of the Australian artillery when Pozières was captured. On 1 January 1917 he was given command of the Australian 5th Division and was made a Major General. This division was in the thick of the fighting in the spring of 1917, and in September distinguished itself at Polygon Wood. The staff worked well together, and achieved a great victory. Hobbs was created both a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath and Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George on 1 January 1918. At the end of April his division fought a great fight at the Second Battle of Villers-Bretonneux, which probably contributed to the abandonment of the German operations towards Amiens.

Towards the end of May, General Monash was placed in command of the Australian Army Corps, and Hobbs became the senior divisional commander in the corps. His division was then given a well-earned rest but took a worthy share in the great counterattack which began on 8 August. It did not take a leading part in the capture of Mont St Quentin, one of the greatest and most important feats of the war, but Monash, in his The Australian Victories in France, stated that he was "concerned . . . that the fine performance of the Fifth Division should not be underrated. The circumstances under which general Hobbs was called upon to intervene in the battle, at very short notice, imposed upon him, personally, difficulties of no mean order". One of his tasks it may be mentioned was the crossing of the Somme in the face of strong opposition, and when Hobbs sent a message to the men of his war-worn division on its beginning a rest period on 8 September, he was able to say that they had "earned imperishable fame for their gallantry and valour". It was but a short rest, for they were in the line again later on in the same month, and Hobbs was making careful plans for the attack on the Hindenburg line which was successfully breached by the 3rd and 5th divisions on 30 September and 1 October. The Australians had done the work allotted to them and were not called upon to fight again. Monash was put in charge of the repatriation and demobilization of the Australian troops, and Hobbs succeeded him in the command of the Army Corps until this was completed in May 1919.

Post-war[edit]

After the Armistice, Hobbs decided to return to his former profession; architecture. With a keen interest in the construction of war memorials, Hobbs was responsible for designing the West Australian War Memorial in Kings Park, Perth, St George's College, Crawley and the Temperance and General and Royal Insurance buildings.

Hobbs died at sea of a heart attack while en route to the unveiling of a war memorial built to his design at Villers-Bretonneux, a French town recaptured under his command in World War I.

Hobbs was a short and slight man, whose civilian life was that of a successful citizen who had a full realization of his responsibilities to the society of which he was a member. Hobbs was capable, self-sacrificing and measured his life by high standards. From his youth he seems to have realized that some day his country might need him as a soldier, and he set to work to qualify himself for the highest positions. This knowledge was invaluable in France, and when he became a divisional commander his kindliness, tact and firmness gained the affection and respect of his men, while his carefulness of preparation and knowledge made him an excellent divisional commander. Monash said of him that he "succeeded fully as the Commander of a Division by his sound common sense and his sane attitude towards every problem that confronted him". The eulogy of General Sir Brudenell White was "he was not only a soldier, he was also a great citizen, and a great Christian gentleman . . . who knew none other than the straight path".

New interest[edit]

Australian interest in Hobbs' role as architect and soldier has shown a recent revival with the publication of the book The Lionheart Lieutenant - General Sir Talbot Hobbs by David Coombes[3] and doctoral work in Australia. Anzac Day was commemorated in Villers-Bretonneux in July 2008; the local school still has a kangaroo as its symbol and signs declaring "Do not forget Australia." [4] Hobbs' great-granddaughter is the British Australian poet and writer Bridget Talbot Hobbs Khursheed.

Memorial[edit]

Sir Talbot Hobbs Memorial at The Esplanade

The Lieut. General Sir J. J. Talbot Hobbs Memorial better known as the Talbot Hobbs memorial was proposed and constructed just prior to the second world war.[5][6][7] The memorial is made of Donnybrook stone with a bronze bust of Hobbs on top, and placed against a background of Canary Island Palms[8] on the Perth Esplanade. Since it was built the memorial has been the receiving point for the salute during ANZAC Day parade, it was also the location from where Queen Elizabeth II took the salute during the 1954 Royal visit. The memorial was placed on the Western Australian Heritage register on 18 March 2005.[8]

The 2012 redevelopment plans for the Perth Esplanade include relocation of the memorial.[9]

As of April 2014 the memorial was being moved to the Supreme Court Gardens.[10]

See also[edit]

List of buildings designed by Talbot Hobbs

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d A. J. Hill (1983). "Hobbs, Sir Joseph John Talbot (1864 - 1938)". Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 9. MUP. pp. 315–317. Retrieved 2009-07-30. 
  2. ^ "Register of Heritage Places - Interim Entry - Samson House" (pdf). Heritage Council of Western Australia. 1992-03-06. Retrieved 2007-10-05. 
  3. ^ Coombes, D (2007), The Lionheart: A Life of Lieutenant-General Sir Talbot Hobbs, Australian Military History Publications, retrieved 7 March 2012 
  4. ^ "Musée Franco-Australien de Villers-Bretonneux". Retrieved 3 October 2012. 
  5. ^ "MEMORIAL TO SIR TALBOT HOBBS?.". Mirror (Perth, WA : 1921 - 1956) (Perth, WA: National Library of Australia). 14 January 1939. p. 10. Retrieved 7 March 2012. 
  6. ^ "SIR TALBOT HOBBS MEMORIAL.". The West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954) (Perth, WA: National Library of Australia). 23 August 1940. p. 16. Retrieved 7 March 2012. 
  7. ^ http://pandora.nla.gov.au/pan/43108/20080815-0049/www.anzac.dpc.wa.gov.au/index0f1d.html
  8. ^ a b "02089 Talbot Hobbs". Register of Heritage places, permanent entry. Heritage Council of Western Australia. Retrieved 10 March 2012. 
  9. ^ "J.J. Talbot Hobbs memorial". The City Gatekeepers. Retrieved 22 March 2012. 
  10. ^ "Talbot Hobbs memorial on the move". Metropolitan Redevelopment Authority. 4 April 2014. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 

External links[edit]