Tanunda, South Australia

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Tanunda
South Australia
Tanunda.jpg
Looking across the vineyards towards Tanunda from Mengler Hill Lookout
Tanunda is located in South Australia
Tanunda
Tanunda
Coordinates 34°31′0″S 138°58′0″E / 34.51667°S 138.96667°E / -34.51667; 138.96667Coordinates: 34°31′0″S 138°58′0″E / 34.51667°S 138.96667°E / -34.51667; 138.96667
Population 4,153 (2006 Census)[1]
Established 1848
Postcode(s) 5352
Location 69 km (43 mi) North East of Adelaide via Australian National Route A20.svg Australian Alphanumeric State Route B19.svg
LGA(s) Barossa Council
State electorate(s) Schubert
Federal Division(s) Barker

Tanunda is a town situated in the Barossa Valley region of South Australia, 70 kilometres north-east of the state capital, Adelaide. The town derives its name from an Aboriginal word meaning water hole. Town population is approximately 3500. It has an average rainfall of 420mm

Settlement[edit]

The last settlement in what is today referred to as Tanunda was the village of Bethanien, settled in 1842. This village was settled by Prussian immigrants who arrived with Pastor Gotthard Fritzsche. Langmeil was the next settlement in 1843, which was settled by Prussian immigrants who relocated from Klemzig where they had originally settled in 1838, when they had arrived with Pastor August Kavel, Tanunda village was settled sometime later. Langmeil and Bethanien were both renamed during the Great War to Bilyara, and Bethany respectively. Langmeil had its name reverted from Bilyara in 1975.

As development of the Tanunda area continued, the villages of Langmeil and Tanunda were joined. Today the township is simply called Tanunda.

Industry[edit]

Tanunda and the Barossa Valley comprise one of Australia's premier wine-growing areas, and the town is surrounded by vineyards. One such vineyard, Turkey Flat, is home to Shiraz vines that were planted in 1847 and are believed to be the world's oldest continually producing commercial vineyard that has been authenticated.[2]

Culture[edit]

The German heritage of Tanunda is still present today. The town has a male choir the Tanunda Liedertafel, the history of which is thought to date back to 1868.[citation needed] There is also a Kegel (bowling) club. The Tanunda Town Band celebrated 150 years as a band in 2007 and is the oldest brass band in the southern hemisphere[citation needed].

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). Tanunda (Urban Centre/Locality). 2006 Census Quickstats. Retrieved on 2008-05-29
  2. ^ G. Harding "A Wine Miscellany" pg 20, Clarkson Potter Publishing, New York 2005 ISBN 0307346358

See also[edit]