Te Urewera National Park

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Te Urewera National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Towards East Cape.jpg
Map showing the location of Te Urewera National Park
Map showing the location of Te Urewera National Park
Map of New Zealand
Location Hawke's Bay
Nearest city Gisborne, New Zealand
Coordinates 38°45′0″S 177°9′0″E / 38.75000°S 177.15000°E / -38.75000; 177.15000Coordinates: 38°45′0″S 177°9′0″E / 38.75000°S 177.15000°E / -38.75000; 177.15000
Area 2127 km²
Established 1954
Governing body Department of Conservation
Website DOC page

Te Urewera National Park is one of 14 national parks within New Zealand and is the largest of the four in the North Island. Covering an area of approximately 2,127 km², it is in the north east of the Hawke's Bay region of the North Island.

On 28 July 1954, the catchment areas of Lake Waikaremoana, Lake Waikareiti and other Crown reserves were gazetted as a national park, and by 1957 proposals were well underway to add the rest of the Crown land in Te Urewera north of Ruatahuna. This proposal was formalised in November 1957 when an additional 1,350 km² were added. Further additions were made in 1962, 1975 and 1979, with smaller acquisitions and boundary alterations in the intervening period.

The lake bed and Māori enclaves were not included in the park gazetting. The Crown has leased the lake bed, which is managed by the Department of Conservation.

Te Urewera is the traditional home of the Tuhoe people. Due to its geographical isolation, it was one of the last regions to be claimed by the British during colonisation in the 19th century. Te Kooti, the Māori leader, found refuge there from his pursuers among Tuhoe, with whom he formed an alliance.

In March 2013, Tuhoe signed a deed of settlement, settling the tribe's claims at the Waitangi Tribunal. Under the deal, Tuhoe will get $170 million and more control over Urewera National Park.[1]

The park's name comes from the Māori words ure meaning penis and wera meaning burnt, thus, the literal translation from Māori is "burnt penis" (National Park). The name comes from a historical event, passed down through maori oral tradition, of a chief several centuries ago who died while out with a hunting party in the forests of the present-day park. He rolled over in his sleep while lying too close to a camp fire, badly burning his groin.[citation needed]

All North Island native forest bird species, except for the weka, live in the park.[2] Crown fern (Blechnum discolor) is a widespread understory plant.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Govt and Tuhoe sign $170m settlement". 3 News NZ. X March 22, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Te Urewera National Park". Department of Conservation. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  3. ^ C. Michael Hogan (2009). "Crown fern: Blechnum discolor". Globaltwitcher.com, ed. N. Stromberg.
  • Charles Rawlings-Way, Carolyn Bain, Brett Atkinson, Errol Hunt, Peter Dragicevich and Sarah Bennett. 2008. New Zealand, Lonely Planet Publications, Edition 14, ISBN 1-74104-816-8 756 pages

External links[edit]