Template:Key press

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This is the {{key press}} template primarily designed to illustrate keys and keystrokes on a computer keyboard. With additional parameters, a single template can even illustrate a combination of multiple simultaneous keystrokes. A sequence of keystrokes, on the other hand, need to be demonstrated with separate templates.


{{key press|A}}A

Keystroke combinations

To illustrate keystroke combinations, just use extra parameters:

{{key press|Alt|P}}Alt+P
{{key press|Ctrl|Alt|Del}}Ctrl+Alt+Del

This template currently handles up to 10 key name parameters, which should be more than enough to accommodate for any possible combination of simultaneous keystrokes. If it gets too many key name parameters it reports the page into Category:Wikipedia keypress template parameter needs fixing. This means we can easily find those pages and fix them, or we can discover if we need to make this template take more parameters.

When you feed several key names to this template, it adds a "+" (or whatever the contents of the optional chain parameter) with no spaces around. This means it won't line wrap. But when you show key combinations for instance in a table then that might cause too wide items. Then instead manually build the key combination with spaces around the "+" so it can line wrap:

{{key press|Ctrl}} + {{key press|Alt}} + {{key press|Del}}Ctrl + Alt + Del
{{key press|Ctrl|Alt|Del|chain= + }}Ctrl + Alt + Del

On the other hand, to illustrate Windows Alt codes you might want to use separate templates with no intervening punctuation or space. In most Windows systems in North America and Western Europe, for example, the plus-minus sign (±) can be entered by holding down the Alt key while typing 0177 (with the numeric keypad):

{{key press|Alt|0}}{{key press|1}}{{key press|7}}{{key press|7}}Alt+0177

An example of a use case where more than 5 might be used is explaining usage of a macro (keyboard shortcut) created by a third-party application:

{{Key press|Ctrl|Alt|Shift|Win|Menu|fn|L}}Ctrl+Alt+ Shift+ Win+ Menu+fn+L


If there is an article about the key you can wikilink the key's name like any other wiki text. Like this:

  • {{key press|[[Alt key|Alt]]}}Alt

If you are wikilinking the keys, please ensure that you are piping to the correct page (e.g. [[Control key|Ctrl]] instead of [[Ctrl]], which leads to a disambiguation page).

Wiki markup characters

Some wiki markup character, like the pipe symbol, the semicolon and the equals sign, need to be entered using the {{!}}, {{;}} and {{=}} templates or as an HTML entity |, &#59;, = respectively:

  • {{key press|{{!}}}}|
  • {{key press||}}|
  • {{key press|{{;}}}};
  • {{key press|&#59;}};
  • {{key press|{{=}}}}=
  • {{key press|=}}=

However, if the characters are marked as wikilinks, they can be entered as such:

  • {{key press|[[|]]}}|
  • {{key press|[[;]]}};
  • {{key press|[[=]]}}=

Most markup characters also have aliases:

  • {{key press|pipe}}|
  • {{key press|semicolon}};
  • {{key press|equals}}=
  • {{key press|colon}}:
  • {{key press|asterisk}}*
  • {{key press|hash}}#

Key symbols

Some key names have a fitting Unicode character. This template automatically adds such "icons" to the following key names among others (see also Arrows exception below).

  • {{key press|Shift}} Shift
  • {{key press|Tab}}Tab
  • {{key press|Enter}} Enter
  • {{key press|Option}} Option
  • {{key press|Opt}} Opt
  • {{key press|Command}} Command
  • {{key press|Cmd}} Cmd
  • {{key press|Caps Lock}} Caps Lock
  • {{key press|Scroll Lock}}Scroll Lock
  • {{key press|Up}}
  • {{key press|Down}}
  • {{key press|Left}}
  • {{key press|Right}}
Windows key and Menu key
Old-style Windows key

There are no characters for the Windows key and Menu key. Besides, the Windows logo is trademarked. So this template shows approximate characters for them in the following way:

  • {{key press|Win}} Win
  • {{key press|Menu}} Menu

Video games

Video game controllers often have specialized input labels that do not map easily. The following are mappings for various game consoles and input features.

Directional input

The following should only be used when the input sequence uses something other than the primary input or mixes input between directional devices.

  • {{key press|l-down}}L↓
  • {{key press|c-left}}C←
  • {{key press|r-up}}R↑

Stick specific diagonals are also supported:

  • {{key press|l-nw}}L↖
  • {{key press|c-se}}C↘
  • {{key press|r-ne}}R↗
  • {{key press|ex}}×
  • {{key press|circle}}
  • {{key press|triangle}}
  • {{key press|square}}

Technical details

This template calls {{key press/core}}, which holds the code that otherwise would be repeated several times in {{key press}}, thus simplifying the code.


This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools.

Key press

Illustrates keys and keystrokes on a computer keyboard. Keys can include: Ctrl, Alt, Del, Opt, Menu, Left etc. console keys: ex, circle, triangle, square, and left right and center analog sticks: l-down, c-left, r-ne. The names are case insensitive.

Template parameters
Parameter Description Type Default Auto value Status
First key 1 First key line empty empty required
Second key 2 Optional key press in combination as the first. line empty empty optional
Third key 3 Optional key press in combination as the first. line empty empty optional
Forth key 4 Optional key press in combination as the first. line empty empty optional
Fifth key 5 Optional key press in combination as the first. line empty empty optional
Sixth key 6 Optional key press in combination as the first. line empty empty optional
Seventh key 7 Optional key press in combination as the first. line empty empty optional
Eighth key 8 Optional key press in combination as the first. line empty empty optional
Ninth key 9 Optional key press in combination as the first. line empty empty optional
Tenth key 10 Optional key press in combination as the first. line empty empty optional
Chaining character chain Character between chained key presses line + empty optional
Chaining character chain first Character between first and second key to press line + empty optional
Chaining character chain second Character between second and third key to press line + empty optional
Chaining character chain third Character between third and fourth key to press line + empty optional
Chaining character chain fourth Character between fourth and fifth key to press line + empty optional

See also

Template Example output Use
{{strong}} strong semantic emphasis To indicate <strong> emphasis instead of (or as well as) simple typographical boldfacing.
{{strongbad}} "Never use..." Same as {{strong}} but in red.
{{stronggood}} "Only use..." Same as {{strong}} but in green.
{{em}} mild semantic emphasis As per {{strong}} but for the milder <em> emphasis (instead of / as well as typographical italicization).
{{var}} strPrefix To indicate text is a variable name. Use for any variables except those whose names include "I" (uppercase i) and/or "l" (lowercase L), where {{varserif}} below should be used instead to ensure a distinction between these letters is noticeable.
{{varserif}} strIllustratePrefix (see {{var}} above).
{{wikivar}} {{PAGENAME}}  {{DEFAULTSORT:Y, X}} To display wikicode variables and magic words as they would appear in code.
{{para}} |title=  |year=2008 To display template parameters with or without values.
{{param}} {{{title}}}  {{{title|alt}}}  etc. To display parameters as used in code (i.e. with triple braces), especially to indicate relationships between them. May be combined with {{para}} above.
{{tlx}} etc. {{Template|first parameter|...}} To display a template call (with or without parameters and values) as code.
{{tag}} "With HTML <img>...</img> tags..." To render HTML elements ("tags") as prose.
{{code}} "Always include the alt= parameter..." To indicate text is source code. To nest other templates within {{code}}, use <code>...</code>.
{{subst:CoNo}} <code><nowiki>your code</nowiki></code> To wrap example code in <code> and nested <nowiki> tags.
{{syntaxhighlight}} (or {{sxhl}})  Wrapper for <syntaxhighlight>...</syntaxhighlight>, but will wrap overflowing text.
{{deprecated code}} "Do not use <blink>." (or {{dc}})  To indicate deprecated source code in template documentation, articles on HTML specs, etc. The {{dc2}} variant uses strike-through: <blink>, and {{dc|red=y}} uses red: <blink>.
{{pre}} For larger blocks of source code and other pre-formatted text.
{{bq}} For indented blocks of content, such as block quotations, examples, poems, etc.
{{kbd}} user input To indicate user input.
{{key press}} CtrlX To indicate specific-keystroke input.
{{pskeypress}} × To indicate PlayStation-style gamepad key presses.
{{samp}} example output To indicate sample or example output.

Not to be confused with

  • {{Button}} – Produces a similar visual effect, but without the semantic markup, e.g. sample text.