Terminal (OS X)
Terminal 2.2 running the top program under Mac OS
|Stable release||2.4 (326)|
|Operating system||OS X|
|License||Bundled with OS X|
As a terminal emulator, the application provides text-based access to the operating system, in contrast to the mostly graphical nature of the user experience of OS X, by providing a command line interface to the operating system when used in conjunction with a Unix shell, such as bash.
The preferences dialog for Terminal.app in OS X 10.8 (Mountain Lion) offers choices for values of the TERM environment variable. Available options are ansi, dtterm, nsterm, rxvt, vt52, vt100, vt102, xterm, xterm-16color and xterm-256color, which differ from the OS X 10.5 (Leopard) choices by dropping the xterm-color and adding xterm-16color and xterm-256color. These settings do not alter the operation of Terminal, and the xterm settings do not match the behavior of xterm.
As an OS X-only application, Terminal includes a number of features that specifically access OS X APIs and features. These include tabs, the ability to use the standard OS X Help search function to find Man pages and integration with Spotlight. Terminal was used by Apple as something of a showcase for OS X's graphics APIs in the early days of Mac OS X, offering a range of custom font and colouring options, including unusual themes such as transparent backgrounds.
The defaults command is often used to set hidden settings via the shell and is only found in Nextstep-derived systems like OS X.
- "What Is Mac OS X - All Applications and Utilities - Terminal". Apple Inc.
- "nsterm - AppKit Terminal.app". terminfo.src. Retrieved June 7, 2013.