|Initial release||July 20, 2011|
|Operating system||iOS 7, Mac OS X Lion (10.7.x) and later|
|Platform||iPhone, iPad, iPad Mini, iPod Touch, MacBook Pro, MacBook Air, MacBook, iMac, Mac Mini, Mac Pro|
|License||Commercial proprietary software|
|Website||iOS 7 – AirDrop|
AirDrop is an ad-hoc service in Apple's OS X and iOS operating systems, introduced in Mac OS X Lion and iOS 7. Using AirDrop, users can share files with other supported Mac computers and iOS mobile devices without the need of email or mass storage devices. OS X and iOS use different AirDrop protocols and are currently not interoperable. AirDrop in OS X operates over Wi-Fi, whereas the iOS implementation utilizes both Wi-Fi and Bluetooth.
On OS X, AirDrop is available through a special folder in Finder, and as of OS X 10.8.1 can be accessed through the menu option Go > AirDrop or by pressing ⇧ Shift+⌘ Cmd+R. The feature can be accessed on iOS through the Control Center introduced in iOS 7.
AirDrop is not officially supported on older devices (iPhone 4S and below) because of hardware limitations, and can be used only on these models, or newer ones:
Running iOS 7 or newer:
- iPhone 5S
- iPhone 5C
- iPhone 5
- iPad Air
- iPad (4th generation)
- iPad Mini with Retina display
- iPad Mini
- iPod Touch (5th generation)
AirDrop can be enabled unofficially on iPad (3rd generation). Although disabled by default, AirDrop can be enabled on this device by jailbreaking the device and installing "AirDrop Enabler 7.0+" from cydia. Note that this procedure is not supported by Apple. 
Running Mac OS X Lion (10.7) or newer:
- MacBook Pro (Late 2008)
- MacBook Air (Late 2010)
- MacBook (Late 2008) (white MacBook (Late 2008) does not support AirDrop.)
- iMac (Early 2009)
- Mac Mini (Mid 2010)
- Mac Pro (Mid 2010; Early 2008 or Early 2009 with AirDrop-supporting AirPort Extreme card)
AirDrop is also available on Hackintoshes (generic PCs running Mac OS X) and which have AirDrop-supported Wi-Fi cards, such as Broadcom's 4322/94322. Despite Apple's legal restrictions, developers have found that AirDrop can be enabled on any Macintosh running OS X Lion with a shell command, and will work over Ethernet as well.
- Android Beam, a similar technology for Android smart phones (NFC based)
- Wi-Fi Direct, a similar technology
- Bonjour, the service discovery protocol employed
- Shoutr, a free P2P multi-user solution for sharing files among multiple people (Wi-Fi)
- Nations, Daniel. "What Is AirDrop? How Does It Work?". About.com. Retrieved 12 January 2014.
- Etherington, Darrell (September 17, 2013). "Apple iOS 7 Review: A Major Makeover That Delivers, But Takes Some Getting Used To". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved October 3, 2013.
- "wifi adhoc". Apple Support Communities.
- "iOS: Using AirDrop". Apple Inc. September 18, 2013. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
- "AirDrop Port Explaination". Thuchapol. December 27, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2014.
- "Enable AirDrop Over Ethernet & AirDrop On Unsupported Macs Running OS X". OS X Daily. September 16, 2011. Retrieved September 6, 2013.
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