Thomas Briggs (Royal Navy officer)
|Sir Thomas Briggs|
Portrait of Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Briggs (artist unknown)
|Died||16 December 1852 (aged 71–72)|
|Battles/wars||French Revolutionary Wars
|Awards||Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
Order of the Crescent
Admiral Sir Thomas Briggs GCMG (1780 – 16 December 1852) was an officer of the British Royal Navy who served during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, and went on to be Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth.
The only surviving son of Dr. Stephen Briggs, Chief Surgeon at Madras, and Magdalene Pasley, Briggs entered the Navy on 10 September 1791. He first served as a first class volunteer aboard the ship Bellerophon, under the command of his uncle Captain Thomas Pasley. He later followed him into the ship Vengeance with the rank of midshipman. Between 1793 and 1798 Briggs served under Captain Charles Tyler in the Meleager, Diadem and Aigle, taking part in the operations against Toulon and Corsica in 1793-94, and saw action under Admiral William Hotham in the Battle of Genoa on 14 March and the Battle of Hyères Islands on 13 July 1795.
Briggs was promoted to lieutenant on 28 September 1797, and was transferred from Aigle to Ville de Paris, flagship of Admiral Earl St. Vincent off Lisbon, and shortly afterwards moved to Princess Royal, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral Thomas Frederick off Cádiz.
On 10 July 1799 Briggs was appointed acting-commander of the sloop Salamine, and was officially confirmed in that rank on 30 June 1800, having taken part in the reduction of Genoa earlier. In March 1801 he was sent by Captain Manley Dixon of Genereux at Port Mahon, to Rear-Admiral Sir John Borlase Warren's fleet with the news that Admiral Honoré Ganteaume had sailed from Toulon bound for Egypt. Warren intercepted the French fleet and pursued them back to Toulon. Briggs was then engaged in the expedition to Egypt under Lord Keith and Sir Ralph Abercromby, for which he was awarded the Turkish Gold Medal and the Order of the Crescent, and was promoted to post-captain on 24 July 1801. He commanded Madras, flagship of Sir Richard Bickerton off Alexandria, then Agincourt on the Mediterranean and Home stations from 1802.
From 14 December 1805 he was appointed to command of the frigate Orpheus, and in late 1806 captured two privateers; Guadeloupe of 3 guns and 54 men on 25 September, and Susanna of 4 guns and 20 men on 12 November. Orpheus was shortly after wrecked on a coral reef off Port Royal, Jamaica, on 23 January 1807, and Briggs had to be rescued from the bowsprit of his ship by a boat from Elephant.
On 27 April 1808 Briggs took temporary command of Theseus off L'Orient, before assuming command of Clorinde on 7 November, sailing to the East Indies Station. There, on 28 January 1810, he captured the privateer L' Henri, of 8 guns and 57 men, and proved of material service in disembarking the troops at the reduction of the Île de France in December 1810. He was next employed in the China Sea, and in October 1814, took command of Leviathan in which he served on the Lisbon, Cork, and Mediterranean stations, before being paid off on 19 July 1816.
In 1823 Briggs was appointed Resident Commissioner of the Royal Naval Dockyard at Bermuda. He transferred to Malta in 1829, being promoted to Rear-Admiral on 27 June 1832, and was appointed Superintendent of the Malta Dockyard, remaining in that post until 1838. He was awarded the Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George in 1833, for his services while in temporary command of the Mediterranean Squadron, and was promoted to Vice-Admiral on 23 November 1841.
In 1814 he married Isabella Harriet Trepand, and had three sons and a daughter. His eldest son, George Campbell Briggs, died while serving in the Navy with the rank of lieutenant. His daughter married Captain George Bohun Martin, RN.
- O'Byrne, William Richard (1849). A Naval Biographical Dictionary: comprising the life and services of every living officer in Her Majesty's navy, from the rank of admiral of the fleet to that of lieutenant, inclusive. London: John Murray. pp. 124–125. Retrieved 27 September 2012.
- The London Gazette: . 8 July 1851.
- "Port Admirals (Commanders-in-Chief) Portsmouth (1714-1931)". History In Portsmouth. 2013. Retrieved 27 September 2013.
- "Flag Officers 1778-1900". HMS Victory. 2013. Retrieved 27 September 2013.
- "Obituaries". The Courier (Hobart). 6 July 1853.
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