Tileagd

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Tileagd
Mezőtelegd
Commune
School, former mansion of the Telegdi family
School, former mansion of the Telegdi family
Tileagd is located in Romania
Tileagd
Tileagd
Coordinates: 47°4′N 22°12′E / 47.067°N 22.200°E / 47.067; 22.200
Country  Romania
County Bihor County
Population (2002)[1] 7,142
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Tileagd (Hungarian: Mezőtelegd) is a large commune located in Bihor County, western Romania. It is composed of six villages: Bălaia (Kabaláspatak), Călătani (Kalotaitanya), Poşoloaca (Pósalaka), Tileagd, Tilecuş (Telkesd) and Uileacu de Criş (Pusztaújlak).

Geography[edit]

It is on the picturesque road between Oradea and Cluj-Napoca, 23 kilometres from Oradea.The closest town to Tileagd is Aleşd, 12 km away. Tileagd is served by three CFR trains daily from Oradea, which continue to Aleşd, Huedin and Cluj-Napoca.

Etymology[edit]

Its Hungarian name originates in the word telek which means "plot" in English with a "d" affixture. The first written record about the village was made in a warrant of 1294's copy of 1572 under the name Thelegd and then its name emerged in 1773 as Mező-Telegd.

History[edit]

Reformed church

At the beginning of the 13th century, a group of Székelys lived in the area, having moved from Udvarhelyszék. They were called Székelys of Telegd and the first name of Székelyudvarhely which is the centre of the area they moved was Telegd. In 1291, here moved the founder of the Thelegdy family. In 1688, at the verge of the village, Imre Thököly's Kuruc army was defeated by general Heissler. With building a railway line, animal and feed commerces started thriving as of 1870. Later many new industrial, financial and other institutions were founded; for example, the first bank "Mezőtelegd vidéki Takarékpénztár Rt" in 1890, and at the beginning of the 20th century, oil refinery and its neighborhood a works were built.

Population[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

Coordinates: 47°04′N 22°12′E / 47.067°N 22.200°E / 47.067; 22.200

References[edit]

  1. ^ Romanian census data, 2002; retrieved on March 1, 2010