Tinto Brass and Caterina Varzi at the 2009 Venice Film Festival
26 March 1933
|Spouse(s)||Carla Cipriani (until 2006)|
Giovanni Brass (born 26 March 1933), better known as Tinto Brass, is an Italian filmmaker. He is noted especially for his work in the erotic genre, with films such as Caligula, Così fan tutte (released under the English title All Ladies Do It), Paprika, Monella (Frivolous Lola) and Trasgredire.
Throughout the 1960s and 1970s he created many avant-garde films, including Nerosubianco, L'urlo, and La Vacanza. However, he is best known for his erotic epics, Salon Kitty, The Key, Senso '45 and Caligula. The latter film was an over-the-top contentious "collaboration" (read "contest") with celebrated author Gore Vidal, Franco Rossellini and Penthouse magazine publisher Bob Guccione. However, many consider Caligula not to be a true Tinto Brass film since post-production was not handled by Brass. The director demanded that his name be stricken from the credits after Guccione inserted hardcore sex scenes and recut much of the film's story and theme structure. Despite this, the film contains many of Brass' trademarks and remains his most widely viewed work (and the highest-grossing Italian film released in the United States). Well into his seventies, he continued to make films.
Brass' films follow an impressionistic style – they tend not to show immense landscapes, but bits and pieces of the scenery and peripheral characters and objects through pans and zooms, thus imitating how the viewer might see the events if they were actually present. This also gives the films an extraordinarily rapid pace. He often uses a television-like multicam method of shooting, with at least three cameras running at once, each focusing on something else.
There are many other directorial trademarks throughout his films. From 1976's Salon Kitty onwards, mirrors play a large part in the set design. Sometimes he even goes as far as to begin a scene with a mirror shot, then pan over to the action being reflected, giving a disorienting feeling. His erotic films – especially The Key, Miranda and All Ladies Do It – often accentuate women's buttocks and pubic hair, almost to the point of fetishizing those particular physical features.
Brass' films in the 1980s and early 1990s had mainly been adaptations of famous erotic literary works, namely The Key (La chiave), The Mistress of the Inn (Miranda), the novel Le lettere da Capri by Mario Soldati (Capriccio), Fanny Hill (Paprika), and the novel L'uomo che guarda by Alberto Moravia (The Voyeur), while 2002 film Senso '45 is an adaptation of Senso, previously filmed by Luchino Visconti.
Personal life 
- In capo al mondo'' or ''Chi lavora è perduto (1963)
- Ça ira - Il fiume della rivolta (1964)
- La mia signora (1964)
- Il disco volante (1964)
- Yankee (1966)
- Col cuore in gola (1967)
- L'urlo (1968)
- Nerosubianco (1969)
- Dropout (1970)
- La vacanza (1971)
- Salon Kitty (1975)
- Caligula (1979)
- Action (1980)
- La Chiave, or La Cle, or The Key (1983)
- Miranda, or The Mistress of the Inn (1985)
- Capriccio (1987)
- Snack Bar Budapest (1988)
- Paprika (1991)
- Così fan tutte (1992)
- The Voyeur (1994)
- Fermo posta Tinto Brass (1995)
- Monella (1997)
- Trasgredire (2000)
- Senso '45 (2002)
- Fallo! (aka Do It!) (2003)
- Chi ha ucciso Caligola (preproduction)
- Evolver, "First, I check out the butt" Brass interview on the occasion of his 75th birthday, May 2008
- "Berlinale 1972: Juries". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2010-03-15.
- "Tinto Brass fan website - Italico Brass". Rjbuffalo.com. Retrieved 2010-10-13.
- Il Giornale, "I miei film andrebbero proiettati nelle scuole"
- "Tinto Brass candidato con i Radicali". La Stampa (in Italian). 22 January 2010. Retrieved 25 August 2011.
- "Cinema: Tinto Brass e' grave". ANSA (in Italian). 18 April 2011. Retrieved 25 August 2011.
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