March 1, 1945 |
Jerusalem, Mandate Palestine
Tom Segev (Hebrew: תום שגב) (born March 1, 1945) is an Israeli historian, author and journalist. He is associated with Israel's so-called New Historians, a group challenging many of the country's traditional narratives.
Tom Segev was born in Jerusalem to parents who had fled Nazi Germany in 1935. He earned a BA in history and political science from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and a PhD in history from Boston University in the 1970s.
Segev worked during the 1970s as a correspondent for Maariv in Bonn. He was a visiting professor at Rutgers University (2001–2002), the University of California at Berkeley (2007) and Northeastern University, where he taught a course on Holocaust denial. He writes a weekly column for the newspaper Haaretz. His books have appeared in fourteen languages.
In The Seventh Million: The Israelis and the Holocaust (1993), Segev explores the decisive impact of the Holocaust on the identity, ideology and politics of Israel. Although controversial, it was praised by Elie Wiesel in the Los Angeles Times Book Review.
In One Palestine, Complete: Jews and Arabs Under the British Mandate, a New York Times Editor's Choice Best Book (2000) and a recipient of the National Jewish Book Award, Segev describes the era of the British Mandate in Palestine (1917–1948).
Segev's history of the social and political background of the Six-Day War, 1967 (2006) states that there was no existential threat to Israel from a military point of view. Segev also doubts that the Arab neighbours would have really attacked Israel. Still, there were large segments of the Israeli population that had a real fear that the Egyptians and Syrians would eliminate them. This would have increased the pressure for the Israeli government in such a way that it opted for a preemptive attack. The attack by the Jordanian army to West Jerusalem would have provided a welcoming reason to invade East Jerusalem, according to Segev. Even though the occupation of East Jerusalem was not politically planned, the author considers it was always desired. The book has been described by the historian Saul Friedländer as "probably the best book on those most fateful days in the history of Israel".
Michael Oren, author of Six Days of War, and previously Israel's ambassador to the U.S., gave Segev's book on the Six Day War a scathing review, saying "Laboring to prove his point forces Segev not only to contradict himself but also to commit glaring oversights." He also says "...by disregarding the Arab dynamic and twisting his text to meet a revisionist agenda, he undermines his attempt to reach a deeper understanding of the war. Such an understanding is vital if Arabs and Israelis are to avoid similar clashes in the future and peacefully co-exist."
- 1949: The First Israelis (Hebrew: 1984, ISBN 965-261-040-2; English: 1998, ISBN 0-8050-5896-6)
- Soldiers of Evil: The Commandants of the Nazi Concentration Camps (1988, ISBN 0-07-056058-7)
- One Palestine, Complete: Jews and Arabs Under the British Mandate (2000, ISBN 0-316-64859-0)
- The Seventh Million: Israelis and the Holocaust (2000, ISBN 0-8050-6660-8)
- Elvis in Jerusalem: Post-Zionism and the Americanization of Israel (2003, ISBN 0-8050-7288-8)
- Israel in 1967. And the land changed its visage (Hebrew: 2005, ISBN 965-07-1370-0)
- 1967: Israel, the War and the Year That Transformed the Middle East, Metropolitan Books (2006)
- Simon Wiesenthal: The Life and Legends, Jonathan Cape (2010)
- Conversation with Tom Segev, p. 1 of 7
- I didn't have the guts, Haaretz, April 28, 2009
- Salon.com Books | Beyond tribalism
- Conversation with Tom Segev (2007), cover page
- Elie Wiesel. The Land That Broke Its Promise THE SEVENTH MILLION: The Israelis and the Holocaust, By Tom Segev [Book Review]. LA Times [Internet]. 1992 [Retrieved 2010-04-18]. English.
- 1967: Israel, the War, and the Year That Transformed the Middle East, by Tom Segev.
- "Who Started It?" 1967 - Israel, the War, and the Year That Transformed the Middle East by Tom Segev, reviewed by Michael Oren. The Washington Post, June 10, 2007.
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