From the film trailer for The Unholy Wife (1957)
January 14, 1926
Hartford, Connecticut, United States
|Died||September 4, 1991
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Occupation|| • Actor
|Partner(s)|| • Clive Clerk (1970s)
• Calvin Culver=
Thomas "Tom" Tryon (January 14, 1926 – September 4, 1991) was an American film and television actor, best known for playing the title role in the film The Cardinal (1963) and the Walt Disney television character Texas John Slaughter (1958–1961). He later turned to the writing of prose fiction and screenplays, and wrote several science fiction, horror and mystery novels.
Early life and education
Thomas Tryon was born on January 14, 1926, in Hartford, Connecticut, as the son of Arthur Lane Tryon, a clothier and owner of Stackpole, Moore & Tryon. (He is often erroneously identified as the son of silent screen actor Glenn Tryon.)
After Navy service Tryon enrolled at Yale and swam the butterfly in intercollegiate competition. Tryon graduated from Yale University with a B.A. in Fine Arts,
Tryon then studied acting at NYC's Neighborhood Playhouse under the tutelage of Sanford Meisner. He appeared in the 1952 original Broadway production of Wish You Were Here, a long-running musical that starred Jack Cassidy, Patricia Marand and Sheila Bond.
He guest starred in 1955 as Antoine De More in the two-part episode "King of the Dakotas" of NBC's western anthology series Frontier. Tryon appeared in the lead in "The Mark Hanford Story" (February 26, 1958) on NBC's Wagon Train. He portrayed an educated half-breed outraged at his father, Jack Hanford (played by Onslow Stevens), for having mistreated Mark's Cheyenne mother. Kathleen Crowley portrayed Ann Jamison, a young woman that the senior Hanford plans to marry after the self-banishment and then suicide of Mark's mother.
Tryon's other television roles included that of Texas John Slaughter, in seventeen episodes of ABC's Walt Disney Presents from 1958 to 1961. The role was based on actual western historical figure John Horton Slaughter, a lawman in Texas and later the Arizona Territory.
Tryon made guest appearances on NBC's The Restless Gun (as "Sheriff Billy"), The Virginian and ABC's The Big Valley. He was part of a live television performance of The Fall of the House of Usher. He also co-wrote a song, "I Wish I Was," which appeared on an obscure record by Dick Kallman, star of the short-lived and now largely forgotten 1965 television sitcom, Hank. He appeared in the 1967 episode "Charade of Justice" of NBC's western series The Road West starring Barry Sullivan.
Tryon's film roles included comic horror and science fiction films, most notably I Married a Monster from Outer Space (1958) and the Walt Disney romantic comedy film, Moon Pilot (1962). He also appeared in Westerns, including Three Violent People (1956), with Charlton Heston; The Glory Guys (1965); and a remake of Winchester '73 (1967).
In 1962, he was cast to play the role of Stephen Burkett ("Adam") in the unfinished Marilyn Monroe-Dean Martin comedy film, Something's Got to Give, directed by George Cukor, but lost that role after Monroe was fired from the movie. He was also considered but eventually passed over for the role of Janet Leigh's lover, Sam Loomis, in the classic thriller, Psycho (1960).
Tryon's greatest role was as an ambitious Catholic priest in The Cardinal (1963), for which he received a nomination for a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama. However, that honor barely compensated for the trauma and abuse he suffered at the hands of director Otto Preminger. At one point during filming, Preminger fired Tryon in front of his parents when they visited the set, then rehired him after being satisfied that Tryon had been sufficiently humiliated.
Disillusioned with acting, Tryon retired from the profession in 1969 and began writing horror and mystery novels. He was successful, overcoming skepticism about a classically handsome movie star suddenly turning novelist. His best-known work is The Other (1971), about a boy whose evil twin brother may or may not be responsible for a series of deaths in a small rural community in the 1930s. He adapted his novel into a film released the following year, which starred Diana Muldaur, Uta Hagen, and John Ritter. Harvest Home (1973), about the dark pagan rituals being practiced in a small New England town, was adapted as The Dark Secret of Harvest Home (1978), a television mini-series starring Bette Davis. An extensive critical analysis of Tryon's horror novels can be found in S. T. Joshi's book The Modern Weird Tale (2001).
His other books include Crowned Heads, a collection of novellas inspired by the legends of Hollywood. The first of these novellas, Fedora, about a reclusive former film actress whose relationship with her plastic surgeon is similar to that between a drug addict and her pusher, was later converted to a feature film directed by Billy Wilder. Though the film was only moderately successful, it is considered by many[who?] to be a minor classic of the thriller and horror genres. Other novellas in the collection were based on the murder of former silent screen star Ramón Novarro, and the quasi-Oedipal relationship between actor Clifton Webb and his mother. Lady (1974) concerns the friendship between an eight-year-old boy and a charming widow in 1930s New England and the secret he discovers about her. Many[who?] consider this to be Tryon's best work. His novel The Night of the Moonbow (1989) tells the story of a boy driven to violent means by the constant harassment he receives at a summer boys camp. Night Magic, written in 1991, was posthumously published in 1995.
During the 1970s, he was in a romantic relationship with Clive Clerk, one of the original cast members of A Chorus Line and an interior designer who decorated Tryon's apartment on Central Park West in New York City, which was featured in Architectural Digest.
He reportedly spoke of an unseen lover throughout his life, a lover he had dubbed "Patrick Norton." This Patrick resided in the dreams and imagination of Tryon and is the basis for many of his characters (all of whom, notably, die horrific deaths).
Selected works as writer
Short stories and novellas
Filmography and television work
- Screaming Eagles (1956)
- The Scarlet Hour (1956)
- Three Violent People (1957)
- The Unholy Wife (a.k.a. The Lady and the Prowler, 1957)
- Texas John Slaughter (television series, 1958)
- I Married a Monster from Outer Space (1958)
- Strange Witness (1958)
- Gundown at Sandoval (1959)
- The Story of Ruth (1960)
- Marines, Let's Go (1961)
- Moon Pilot (1962)
- The Longest Day (1962)
- Something's Got to Give (1962)
- The Cardinal (1963)
- Suspense Theatre-Nobody Will Ever Know (1965)
- In Harm's Way (1965)
- The Glory Guys (1965)
- Winchester '73 (1967) (TV)
- Color Me Dead (1969)
- Persecución hasta Valencia (a.k.a. The Narco Men, 1970)
- The Horsemen (1971)
- IMDB entry for Tryon
- Edmonson, Roger (1998). Boy in the Sand — Casey Donovan, All-American Sex Star. Los Angeles, California: Alyson Books. p. 144. ISBN 978-1-555-83457-9.
- Database (undated). "Tom Tryon". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved December 21, 2010.
- "Tom Tryon-Biography". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 21 December 2010.
- "The Mark Hanford Story". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
- Billy Hathorn, "Roy Bean, Temple Houston, Bill Longley, Ranald Mackenzie, Buffalo Bill, Jr., and the Texas Rangers: Depictions of West Texans in Series Television, 1955 to 1967", West Texas Historical Review, Vol. 89 (2013), pp. 116-117
- Fujiwara, Chris (2008). The World and Its Double — The Life and Work of Otto Preminger. New York City, New York: Faber and Faber. p. 302. ISBN 978-0-571-21117-3.
- Quirk, Lawrence J; Schoell, William (2002). Joan Crawford — The Essential Biography. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky. p. 247. ISBN 978-0-813-12254-0.
- Author, actor Thomas Tryon dies of stomach cancer
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tom Tryon.|
- Tom Tryon at AllMovie
- Tom Tryon at the Internet Movie Database
- Tom Tryon at the TCM Movie Database
- Tom Tryon at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database