May 7, 1923|
Michigan City, Indiana, U.S.
|Died||December 12, 1985
Guilford, New York, U.S.
Cause of death
|Spouse(s)||John Hodiak (m. 1946–53) (divorced) 1 child
Randolph Galt (m. 1960–69) (divorced) 2 children
David Klee (m. 1977–77) (his death)
|Children||Katrina (Hodiak) (b. 1951)
Melissa (Galt) (b. 1962)
Maginel (Galt) (b. 1963)
|Parents||Kenneth Stuart Baxter
Anne Baxter (May 7, 1923 – December 12, 1985) was an American actress known for her performances in films such as The Magnificent Ambersons (1942), The Razor's Edge (1946), All About Eve (1950) and The Ten Commandments (1956).
Baxter was born in Michigan City, Indiana, to Kenneth Stuart Baxter and Catherine (née Wright), whose father was the famed architect Frank Lloyd Wright. Kenneth Baxter was a prominent executive with the Seagrams Distillery Co. and she was raised in New York City, where she attended Brearley. At age 10, Baxter attended a Broadway play starring Helen Hayes, and was so impressed that she declared to her family that she wanted to become an actress. By the age of 13, she had appeared on Broadway. During this period, Baxter learned her acting craft as a student of the famed teacher Maria Ouspenskaya.
At 16, Baxter screen-tested for the role of Mrs. DeWinter in Rebecca, losing to Joan Fontaine because director Alfred Hitchcock deemed Baxter too young for the role, but she soon secured a seven-year contract with 20th Century Fox. Her first movie role was in 20 Mule Team in 1940. She was chosen by director Orson Welles to appear in The Magnificent Ambersons (1942). Baxter co-starred with Tyrone Power and Gene Tierney in 1946's The Razor's Edge, for which she won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. Baxter later recounted that The Razor's Edge contained her only great performance which was a hospital scene where the character, Sophie, "loses her husband, child and everything else". She said she relived the death of her brother, who had died at age three. She played Mike in the 1948 Western film Yellow Sky with Gregory Peck and Richard Widmark.
In 1950, Baxter was chosen to co-star in All About Eve, largely because of a resemblance to Claudette Colbert, who was originally set to star in the film, but dropped out and was replaced by Bette Davis. The original idea was to have Baxter's character gradually come to mirror Colbert's over the course of the film. Baxter received an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress for the title role of Eve Harrington. She said she modeled the role on a bitchy understudy she had for her debut performance in the Broadway play Seen But Not Heard at the age of thirteen and who had threatened to "finish her off". Through the 1950s she continued to act on stage. In 1953 Baxter contracted a two picture deal for Warner Brothers. Her first was opposite Montgomery Clift in Alfred Hitchcock's I Confess; the second was the whodunit The Blue Gardenia as a woman accused of murder.
She appeared regularly on television in the 1960s. She did a stint as one of the What's My Line? "Mystery Guests" on the popular Sunday night CBS-TV quiz program. She also starred as guest villain "Zelda the Great" in episodes 9 and 10 of the television series Batman. She appeared as another villain, "Olga, Queen of the Cossacks", opposite Vincent Price's "Egghead" in three episodes of the show's third season. She also played an old flame of Raymond Burr on his crime series Ironside.
Baxter returned to Broadway during the 1970s in Applause, the musical version of All About Eve, but this time in the "Margo Channing" role played by Bette Davis in the film (succeeding Lauren Bacall, who won a Tony Award in the role).
In the 1970s, Baxter was a frequent guest and stand-in host on The Mike Douglas Show, since Baxter and host Mike Douglas were friends. She portrayed a murderous film star on an episode of Columbo, called "Requiem for a Fallen Star". In this episode, she portrayed a fading movie star called Nora Chandler, perhaps in homage to the fading movie star Margo Channing (Bette Davis) of All About Eve, in which Baxter also starred. In 1971, she also had a role in Fools' Parade, as an aging prostitute who helps characters played by Jimmy Stewart, Strother Martin, and Kurt Russell escape from the villain, played by George Kennedy. In 1983, Baxter starred in the television series Hotel, replacing Bette Davis after Davis became ill.
Baxter has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6741 Hollywood Blvd.
In 1960, Baxter married her second husband, Randolph Galt. Galt was the American owner of a neighboring cattle station near Sydney, Australia, where she was filming Summer of the Seventeenth Doll. She left Hollywood with Katrina to live with him on a remote 37,000 acres (150 km2) cattle station he bought 180 miles (290 km) north of Sydney called Giro (pronounced Ghee-ro). During this time, they had two daughters, Melissa (b. 1962) and Maginel (b. 1963). In 1976, Baxter recounted her courtship with Galt (whom she called "Ran") and their experiences at Giro in a well-received book called Intermission. After the birth of Maginel, back in California, Galt unexpectedly announced that they were moving to an 11,000 acres (45 km2) ranch south of Grants, New Mexico. They then moved to Hawaii (his home state) before settling back in Brentwood, Los Angeles, California. Baxter and Galt were divorced in 1969. Melissa Galt became an interior designer and then a business coach, speaker and seminar provider. Maginel became a cloistered Roman Catholic nun, reportedly living in Rome, Italy.
Baxter married again, in 1977 to David Klee, a prominent stockbroker. It was a brief marriage; Klee died unexpectedly from illness. The newlywed couple had purchased a sprawling property in Easton, Connecticut, which they extensively remodeled; however, Klee did not live to see the renovations completed. Baxter never remarried. Although she maintained a residence in West Hollywood, Baxter considered her Connecticut home to be her primary residence. Baxter was passionate about music, and was an active benefactor of The Connecticut Early Music Society.
Baxter was a longtime friend of celebrated costume designer Edith Head, whom she first met on the set of All About Eve. Head appeared with Baxter in a cameo role in Requiem For A Falling Star, a 1973 Columbo episode. Upon Head's death in 1981, Melissa Galt, who was also a goddaughter of Head, was bequeathed Head's jewelry collection.
Baxter suffered a brain aneurysm on December 4, 1985, while hailing a taxi on Madison Avenue in New York City. She died in the New York hospital where she had been taken, eight days later on December 12, aged 62.
|1940||20 Mule Team||Joan Johnson|
|The Great Profile||Mary Maxwell|
|1941||Charley's Aunt||Amy Spettigue|
|1942||The Pied Piper||Nicole Rougeron|
|The Magnificent Ambersons||Lucy|
|1943||Crash Dive||Jean Hewlett|
|Five Graves to Cairo||Mouche|
|The North Star||Marina Pavlov|
|1944||The Fighting Sullivans||Katherine Mary Sullivan|
|The Eve of St. Mark||Janet Feller|
|Sunday Dinner for a Soldier||Tessa Osborne|
|Guest in the House||Evelyn Heath|
|The Purple Heart||Anne||(voice, uncredited)|
|1945||A Royal Scandal||Countess Anna Jaschikoff|
|Angel on My Shoulder||Barbara Foster|
|The Razor's Edge||Sophie MacDonald||Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture
|1947||Blaze of Noon||Lucille Stewart|
|Mother Wore Tights||Narrator||(voice, uncredited)|
|1948||Homecoming||Mrs. Penny Johnson|
|The Walls of Jericho||Julia Norman|
|The Luck of the Irish||Nora|
|Yellow Sky||Constance Mae "Mike"|
|1949||You're My Everything||Hannah Adams|
|1950||A Ticket to Tomahawk||Kit Dodge Jr.|
|All About Eve||Eve||Nominated-Academy Award for Best Actress|
|1951||Follow the Sun||Valerie Hogan|
|1952||The Outcasts of Poker Flat||Cal|
|O. Henry's Full House||Joanna Goodwin||segment: The Last Leaf|
|My Wife's Best Friend||Virginia Mason|
|1953||I Confess||Ruth Grandfort|
|The Blue Gardenia||Norah Larkin|
|One Desire||Tacey Cromwell|
|The Spoilers||Cherry Malotte|
|1956||The Come On||Rita|
|The Ten Commandments||Nefretiri|
|Three Violent People||Lorna Hunter Saunders|
|1957||General Electric Theater||Maj. Edith Johansen||episode: Bitter Choice|
|1958||Chase a Crooked Shadow||Kimberley Prescott|
|Playhouse 90||Pat Bass||episode: The Right Hand Man|
|Lux Playhouse||Delphine Murphy||episode: The Four|
|General Electric Theater||Stella Rutledge||episode: Stopover|
|1959||Summer of the Seventeenth Doll||Olive|
|Riverboat||Ellie Jenkins||episode: A Race to Cincinnati|
|Wagon Train||Kitty Angel||episode: The Kitty Angel Story|
|Zane Grey Theater||Laura Fletcher||episode: Hand on the Latch|
|The DuPont Show with June Allyson||Louise||episode: The Dance Man|
|Checkmate (TV series)||Beatrice Martin Kipp||episode: Death Runs Wild|
|General Electric Theater||Ella Harley||episode: Goodbye, My Love|
|1962||Mix Me a Person||Dr. Anne Dyson|
|Walk on the Wild Side||Teresina Vidaverri|
|1963||The Alfred Hitchcock Hour||Janice Brandt||episode: A Nice Touch|
|1964||Dr. Kildare||Nora Willis||episode: A Day to Remember|
|1965||The Family Jewels||Actress in In-Flight Movie||(uncredited)|
|The Loner||Agatha Phelps|
|1966||Seven Vengeful Women||Mary Ann|
|1967||The Busy Body||Margo Foster Kane|
|Stranger on the Run||Valverda Johnson||(TV movie)|
|My Three Sons||Eileen Talbot||episode: Designing Women|
|Cowboy in Africa||Erica Holloway||episode: Search for Survival|
Olga, Queen of the Cossacks
|1968||The F.B.I.||Katherine Daly||episode: Region of Peril|
|Run for Your Life||Mona Morrison||episode: Life Among the Meat-Eaters|
|Companions in Nightmare||Carlotta Mauridge||(TV movie)|
|The Virginian||Nora Carlton||episode: Nora|
|Ironside||Caroline White||episode: An Obvious Case of Guilt|
|The Name of the Game||Magda Blain||episode: The Protector|
|1969||Ironside||Miss Flynn||episode: Programmed for Danger|
|The Name of the Game||Betty Jean Currier||episode: The Bobby Currier Story
Nominated- Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Single Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role
|Marcus Welby, M.D.||Myra Sherwood||episode: A Matter of Humanities
episode: Madonna with Knapsack and Flute
|The Big Valley||Hannah||Season 4 Episode 16: The 25 Graves of Midas|
|1970||The Challengers||Stephanie York||(TV movie)|
|Ritual of Evil||Jolene Wiley||(TV movie)|
|Bracken's World||Marian Harper||episode: Diffusion|
|The Name of the Game||Magda Blain
|episode: The Takeover
episode: All the Old Familiar Faces
|Marcus Welby, M.D.||Myra Sherwood||episode: Go Get 'Em, Tiger|
|[The Late Liz]]||Liz Addams Hatch|
|If Tomorrow Comes||Miss Cramer||(TV movie)|
|1972||The Catcher||Kate||(TV movie)|
|1973||Marcus Welby, M.D.||Julie Langley Kirk||episode: A Necessary End|
|Columbo||Nora Chandler||episode: Requiem for a Falling Star|
|Cannon||Mayor Helen Blythe||episode: He Who Digs a Grave|
|Love Story||Ellen McKinley||episode: All My Tomorrows|
|Banacek||Leslie Lyle||episode: If Max Is So Smart, Why Doesn't He Tell Us Where He Is?|
|Mannix||Victoria Page||episode: The Deadly Madonna|
|Lisa, Bright and Dark||Margaret Schilling||(TV movie)|
|1976||Arthur Hailey's The Moneychangers||Edwina Dorsey||(TV miniseries)|
|1978||Little Mo||Jessamyn Connelly||(TV movie)|
|1979||Nero Wolfe||Mrs. Rachel Bruner|
|1980||Jane Austen in Manhattan||Lilliana Zorska|
|Hagen||Claudette||episode: The Straw Man|
|1981||East of Eden||Kate||(TV minseries)
episode: Part One (credit only)
episode: Part Two
episode: Part Three (credit only)
|The Love Boat||Priscilla Crawford||episode: Model Marriage, A/This Year's Model/Original Sin/Vogue Rogue/Too Clothes for Comfort|
|1984||Sherlock Holmes and the Mask of Death||Irene Adler||(TV movie)|
|1985||The Love Boat||Helen Williams||episode: Call Me Grandma/A Gentleman of Discretion/The Perfect Divorce/Letting Go|
|1983–86||Hotel||Victoria Cabot||75 episodes|
- Obituary Variety, December 18, 1985.
- Anne Baxter genealogy. Rootsweb.com.
- Jean Stratton (March 27, 2007). "Long-time Princeton Resident Herbert W. Hobler Has Been in the Action and Shaped Events".
- Frances Ingram. "Anne Baxter: An Actress, Not a Personality". classicimages.com. Retrieved October 10, 2010.
- Anne Baxter (1976). Intermission: A True Tale (hardback). G.P.Putnam's Sons, New York. ISBN 0-399-11577-3.
- Philip Nutman (September 3, 2001). "Galt's heritage and history led to design career". Atlanta Business Chronicle. Retrieved March 25, 2014.
- "Melissa Galt Website". Retrieved June 4, 2012.
- "An Ann Baxter Accolade". Retrieved October 14, 2009.
- Peter Weller. "That Toddling Town - Chicago". Retrieved June 4, 2012.
- "Edith Head". The Invisible Theatre.
- "Anne Baxter Hospitalized". New York Times. December 5, 1985.
- Reid, Alexander. "Anne Baxter is Dead at 62; Actress Won Oscar in 1946." New York Times (1923-Current file): 1. Dec 13 1985. ProQuest. Web. 17 May 2014.
- "Anne Baxter". Find a Grave. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
- AP (December 13, 1985). "Anne Baxter Succumbs at 62". The Victoria Advocate.
- "Anne Baxter". IMDb. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Anne Baxter.|
- Anne Baxter at the Internet Movie Database
- Anne Baxter at the TCM Movie Database
- Anne Baxter at the Internet Broadway Database
- Anne Baxter at AllMovie
- Photographs and literature
- Anne Baxter at Find a Grave