Anne Baxter

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For the fictional soap opera character, see Anne Baxter (Neighbours).
Anne Baxter
Anne Baxter 1961.JPG
in 1961
Born (1923-05-07)May 7, 1923
Michigan City, Indiana, U.S.
Died December 12, 1985(1985-12-12) (aged 62)
Guilford, New York, U.S.
Cause of death
Brain aneurysm
Occupation Actress
Years active 1940–85
Spouse(s) John Hodiak (m. 1946–53) (divorced) 1 child
Randolph Galt (m. 1960–69) (divorced) 2 children
David Klee (m. 1977–77) (his death)
Children Katrina (Hodiak) (b. 1951)
Melissa (Galt) (b. 1962)
Maginel (Galt) (b. 1963)
Parents Kenneth Stuart Baxter
Catherine Wright

Anne Baxter (May 7, 1923 – December 12, 1985) was an American actress known for her performances in films such as The Magnificent Ambersons (1942), The Razor's Edge (1946), All About Eve (1950) and The Ten Commandments (1956).[1]

Early life[edit]

Baxter was born in Michigan City, Indiana, to Kenneth Stuart Baxter and Catherine (née Wright),[2] whose father was the famed architect Frank Lloyd Wright. Kenneth Baxter was a prominent executive with the Seagrams Distillery Co. and she was raised in New York City, where she attended Brearley.[3] At age 10, Baxter attended a Broadway play starring Helen Hayes, and was so impressed that she declared to her family that she wanted to become an actress. By the age of 13, she had appeared on Broadway. During this period, Baxter learned her acting craft as a student of the famed teacher Maria Ouspenskaya.

Career[edit]

Baxter as Eve Harrington, in the trailer for All About Eve (1950)

At 16, Baxter screen-tested for the role of Mrs. DeWinter in Rebecca, losing to Joan Fontaine because director Alfred Hitchcock deemed Baxter too young for the role, but she soon secured a seven-year contract with 20th Century Fox. Her first movie role was in 20 Mule Team in 1940. She was chosen by director Orson Welles to appear in The Magnificent Ambersons (1942). Baxter co-starred with Tyrone Power and Gene Tierney in 1946's The Razor's Edge, for which she won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. Baxter later recounted that The Razor's Edge contained her only great performance which was a hospital scene where the character, Sophie, "loses her husband, child and everything else". She said she relived the death of her brother, who had died at age three.[4] She played Mike in the 1948 Western film Yellow Sky with Gregory Peck and Richard Widmark.

In 1950, Baxter was chosen to co-star in All About Eve, largely because of a resemblance to Claudette Colbert, who was originally set to star in the film, but dropped out and was replaced by Bette Davis. The original idea was to have Baxter's character gradually come to mirror Colbert's over the course of the film. Baxter received an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress for the title role of Eve Harrington. She said she modeled the role on a bitchy understudy she had for her debut performance in the Broadway play Seen But Not Heard at the age of thirteen and who had threatened to "finish her off".[4] Through the 1950s she continued to act on stage. In 1953 Baxter contracted a two picture deal for Warner Brothers. Her first was opposite Montgomery Clift in Alfred Hitchcock's I Confess; the second was the whodunit The Blue Gardenia as a woman accused of murder.[4]

Baxter with Yul Brynner, from the trailer for The Ten Commandments (1956)

Baxter is also remembered for her role as the Egyptian throne princess Nefretiri opposite Charlton Heston's portrayal of Moses in Cecil B. DeMille's award-winning The Ten Commandments (1956).

She appeared regularly on television in the 1960s. She did a stint as one of the What's My Line? "Mystery Guests" on the popular Sunday night CBS-TV quiz program. She also starred as guest villain "Zelda the Great" in episodes 9 and 10 of the television series Batman. She appeared as another villain, "Olga, Queen of the Cossacks", opposite Vincent Price's "Egghead" in three episodes of the show's third season. She also played an old flame of Raymond Burr on his crime series Ironside.

Baxter returned to Broadway during the 1970s in Applause, the musical version of All About Eve, but this time in the "Margo Channing" role played by Bette Davis in the film (succeeding Lauren Bacall, who won a Tony Award in the role).

In the 1970s, Baxter was a frequent guest and stand-in host on The Mike Douglas Show, since Baxter and host Mike Douglas were friends. She portrayed a murderous film star on an episode of Columbo, called "Requiem for a Fallen Star". In this episode, she portrayed a fading movie star called Nora Chandler, perhaps in homage to the fading movie star Margo Channing (Bette Davis) of All About Eve, in which Baxter also starred. In 1971, she also had a role in Fools' Parade, as an aging prostitute who helps characters played by Jimmy Stewart, Strother Martin, and Kurt Russell escape from the villain, played by George Kennedy. In 1983, Baxter starred in the television series Hotel, replacing Bette Davis after Davis became ill.

Baxter has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6741 Hollywood Blvd.

Personal life[edit]

In 1946, Baxter married actor John Hodiak. They had one daughter, Katrina, born 1951. Baxter and Hodiak divorced in 1953, which she later blamed on herself.[5] He died one-and-a-half years later.

In 1960, Baxter married her second husband, Randolph Galt. Galt was the American owner of a neighboring cattle station near Sydney, Australia, where she was filming Summer of the Seventeenth Doll. She left Hollywood with Katrina to live with him on a remote 37,000 acres (150 km2) cattle station he bought 180 miles (290 km) north of Sydney called Giro (pronounced Ghee-ro). During this time, they had two daughters, Melissa (b. 1962) and Maginel (b. 1963). In 1976, Baxter recounted her courtship with Galt (whom she called "Ran") and their experiences at Giro in a well-received book called Intermission. After the birth of Maginel, back in California, Galt unexpectedly announced that they were moving to an 11,000 acres (45 km2) ranch south of Grants, New Mexico.[5] They then moved to Hawaii (his home state) before settling back in Brentwood, Los Angeles, California.[6] Baxter and Galt were divorced in 1969. Melissa Galt became an interior designer and then a business coach, speaker and seminar provider.[7] Maginel became a cloistered Roman Catholic nun, reportedly living in Rome, Italy.[8][9]

Baxter married again, in 1977 to David Klee, a prominent stockbroker. It was a brief marriage; Klee died unexpectedly from illness. The newlywed couple had purchased a sprawling property in Easton, Connecticut, which they extensively remodeled; however, Klee did not live to see the renovations completed. Baxter never remarried. Although she maintained a residence in West Hollywood, Baxter considered her Connecticut home to be her primary residence.[citation needed] Baxter was passionate about music, and was an active benefactor of The Connecticut Early Music Society.

Baxter was a longtime friend of celebrated costume designer Edith Head, whom she first met on the set of All About Eve. Head appeared with Baxter in a cameo role in Requiem For A Falling Star, a 1973 Columbo episode. Upon Head's death in 1981, Melissa Galt, who was also a goddaughter of Head,[10] was bequeathed Head's jewelry collection.[citation needed]

Death[edit]

Baxter suffered a brain aneurysm on December 4, 1985,[11] while hailing a taxi on Madison Avenue in New York City. She died in the New York hospital where she had been taken, eight days later on December 12, aged 62.[12]

Baxter is buried on the estate of Frank Lloyd Wright at Lloyd Jones Cemetery in Spring Green, Wisconsin.[13] She was survived by her three daughters.[14]

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1940 20 Mule Team Joan Johnson
The Great Profile Mary Maxwell
1941 Charley's Aunt Amy Spettigue
Swamp Water Julie
1942 The Pied Piper Nicole Rougeron
The Magnificent Ambersons Lucy
1943 Crash Dive Jean Hewlett
Five Graves to Cairo Mouche
The North Star Marina Pavlov
1944 The Fighting Sullivans Katherine Mary Sullivan
The Eve of St. Mark Janet Feller
Sunday Dinner for a Soldier Tessa Osborne
Guest in the House Evelyn Heath
The Purple Heart Anne (voice, uncredited)
1945 A Royal Scandal Countess Anna Jaschikoff
1946 Smoky Julie Richards
Angel on My Shoulder Barbara Foster
The Razor's Edge Sophie MacDonald Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture
1947 Blaze of Noon Lucille Stewart
Mother Wore Tights Narrator (voice, uncredited)
1948 Homecoming Mrs. Penny Johnson
The Walls of Jericho Julia Norman
The Luck of the Irish Nora
Yellow Sky Constance Mae "Mike"
1949 You're My Everything Hannah Adams
1950 A Ticket to Tomahawk Kit Dodge Jr.
All About Eve Eve Nominated-Academy Award for Best Actress
1951 Follow the Sun Valerie Hogan
1952 The Outcasts of Poker Flat Cal
O. Henry's Full House Joanna Goodwin segment: The Last Leaf
My Wife's Best Friend Virginia Mason
1953 I Confess Ruth Grandfort
The Blue Gardenia Norah Larkin
1954 Carnival Story Willie
1955 Bedevilled Monica Johnson
One Desire Tacey Cromwell
The Spoilers Cherry Malotte
1956 The Come On Rita
The Ten Commandments Nefretiri
Three Violent People Lorna Hunter Saunders
1957 General Electric Theater Maj. Edith Johansen episode: Bitter Choice
1958 Chase a Crooked Shadow Kimberley Prescott
Playhouse 90 Pat Bass episode: The Right Hand Man
Lux Playhouse Delphine Murphy episode: The Four
General Electric Theater Stella Rutledge episode: Stopover
1959 Summer of the Seventeenth Doll Olive
Riverboat Ellie Jenkins episode: A Race to Cincinnati
Wagon Train Kitty Angel episode: The Kitty Angel Story
Zane Grey Theater Laura Fletcher episode: Hand on the Latch
1960 Cimarron Dixie Lee
The DuPont Show with June Allyson Louise episode: The Dance Man
Checkmate (TV series) Beatrice Martin Kipp episode: Death Runs Wild
General Electric Theater Ella Harley episode: Goodbye, My Love
1962 Mix Me a Person Dr. Anne Dyson
Walk on the Wild Side Teresina Vidaverri
1963 The Alfred Hitchcock Hour Janice Brandt episode: A Nice Touch
1964 Dr. Kildare Nora Willis episode: A Day to Remember
1965 The Family Jewels Actress in In-Flight Movie (uncredited)
The Loner Agatha Phelps
1966 Seven Vengeful Women Mary Ann
1967 The Busy Body Margo Foster Kane
Stranger on the Run Valverda Johnson (TV movie)
My Three Sons Eileen Talbot episode: Designing Women
Cowboy in Africa Erica Holloway episode: Search for Survival
1966–67 Batman Olga
Olga, Queen of the Cossacks
Zelda
7 episodes
1968 The F.B.I. Katherine Daly episode: Region of Peril
Run for Your Life Mona Morrison episode: Life Among the Meat-Eaters
Companions in Nightmare Carlotta Mauridge (TV movie)
The Virginian Nora Carlton episode: Nora
Ironside Caroline White episode: An Obvious Case of Guilt
The Name of the Game Magda Blain episode: The Protector
1969 Ironside Miss Flynn episode: Programmed for Danger
The Name of the Game Betty Jean Currier episode: The Bobby Currier Story
Nominated- Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Single Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role
Marcus Welby, M.D. Myra Sherwood episode: A Matter of Humanities
episode: Madonna with Knapsack and Flute
The Big Valley Hannah Season 4 Episode 16: The 25 Graves of Midas
1970 The Challengers Stephanie York (TV movie)
Ritual of Evil Jolene Wiley (TV movie)
Bracken's World Marian Harper episode: Diffusion
The Name of the Game Magda Blain
Louise Harris
episode: The Takeover
episode: All the Old Familiar Faces
Marcus Welby, M.D. Myra Sherwood episode: Go Get 'Em, Tiger
1971 Fools' Parade Cleo
[The Late Liz]] Liz Addams Hatch
If Tomorrow Comes Miss Cramer (TV movie)
1972 The Catcher Kate (TV movie)
1973 Marcus Welby, M.D. Julie Langley Kirk episode: A Necessary End
Columbo Nora Chandler episode: Requiem for a Falling Star
Cannon Mayor Helen Blythe episode: He Who Digs a Grave
Love Story Ellen McKinley episode: All My Tomorrows
Banacek Leslie Lyle episode: If Max Is So Smart, Why Doesn't He Tell Us Where He Is?
Mannix Victoria Page episode: The Deadly Madonna
Lisa, Bright and Dark Margaret Schilling (TV movie)
1976 Arthur Hailey's The Moneychangers Edwina Dorsey (TV miniseries)
1978 Little Mo Jessamyn Connelly (TV movie)
1979 Nero Wolfe Mrs. Rachel Bruner
1980 Jane Austen in Manhattan Lilliana Zorska
Hagen Claudette episode: The Straw Man
1981 East of Eden Kate (TV minseries)
episode: Part One (credit only)
episode: Part Two
episode: Part Three (credit only)
The Love Boat Priscilla Crawford episode: Model Marriage, A/This Year's Model/Original Sin/Vogue Rogue/Too Clothes for Comfort
1984 Sherlock Holmes and the Mask of Death Irene Adler (TV movie)
1985 The Love Boat Helen Williams episode: Call Me Grandma/A Gentleman of Discretion/The Perfect Divorce/Letting Go
1983–86 Hotel Victoria Cabot 75 episodes
References:[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Obituary Variety, December 18, 1985.
  2. ^ Anne Baxter genealogy. Rootsweb.com.
  3. ^ Jean Stratton (March 27, 2007). "Long-time Princeton Resident Herbert W. Hobler Has Been in the Action and Shaped Events". 
  4. ^ a b c Frances Ingram. "Anne Baxter: An Actress, Not a Personality". classicimages.com. Retrieved October 10, 2010. 
  5. ^ a b Anne Baxter (1976). Intermission: A True Tale (hardback). G.P.Putnam's Sons, New York. ISBN 0-399-11577-3. 
  6. ^ Philip Nutman (September 3, 2001). "Galt's heritage and history led to design career". Atlanta Business Chronicle. Retrieved March 25, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Melissa Galt Website". Retrieved June 4, 2012. 
  8. ^ "An Ann Baxter Accolade". Retrieved October 14, 2009. 
  9. ^ Peter Weller. "That Toddling Town - Chicago". Retrieved June 4, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Edith Head". The Invisible Theatre. 
  11. ^ "Anne Baxter Hospitalized". New York Times. December 5, 1985. 
  12. ^ Reid, Alexander. "Anne Baxter is Dead at 62; Actress Won Oscar in 1946." New York Times (1923-Current file): 1. Dec 13 1985. ProQuest. Web. 17 May 2014.
  13. ^ "Anne Baxter". Find a Grave. Retrieved October 21, 2010. 
  14. ^ AP (December 13, 1985). "Anne Baxter Succumbs at 62". The Victoria Advocate. 
  15. ^ "Anne Baxter". IMDb. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 

External links[edit]