Gianni Rondolino founded the Festival Internazionale Cinema Giovani in 1982 in Turin, a city that was in economic decline. The festival, attracting big names in Italian and international cinema, helped to re-energise the city both economically and culturally. The first directors were Rondolino and Ansano Gianarelli. In 1998, the festival's name changed to the Torino Film Festival. In 2007, film director Nanni Moretti was appointed as director of the festival, with a view to making it more prominent on an international level. Moretti left the post in 2008, after two festivals, to focus on his own filmmaking. He was succeeded by film director Gianni Amelio.