Torpedoboot Ausland

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The Torpedoboot Ausland (= "foreign torpedo boats") were small destroyers or large torpedo boats captured by Nazi Germany and incorporated into the Kriegsmarine. They were assigned a number beginning with TA

Ex-French ships[edit]

  • TA 1 (ex Le Fier): Scuttled while incomplete August 1944
  • TA 2 (ex L'Agile): Scuttled while incomplete August 1944
  • TA 3 (ex Le Corse): Scuttled while incomplete August 1944
  • TA 4 (ex L'Entrprenant): Broken up 1944
  • TA 5 (ex Le Farouche): Scuttled while incomplete August 1944
  • TA 6 (ex L'Alsacien): Broken up 1944
  • TA 9 (ex Bombarde) sunk by air raid 23 August 1944 in the Tyrrhenian Sea
  • TA 10 (ex La Pomone) damaged by HMS Eclipse 23 September 1943, not repaired
  • TA 11 (ex L'Iphigénie) sunk by Italian MAS boats 11 September 1943
  • TA 12 (ex Baliste) not used by the Germans because of poor material condition
  • TA 13 (ex La Bayonnaise) not used by the Germans because of poor material condition

Ex-Norwegian ships[edit]

  • Four other vessels, (of the Sleipner class torpedo boats/destroyers) were also taken over, but were named for past German gunboats and not included in the TA class.[2]
  • One more ex-Norweigian small destroyer, Troll, was also captured and served in the Kriegsmarine as torpedo boat for a brief time before being converted to a distillation vessel to provide steam. The conversion was due to her obsolete nature.

Ex-Italian ships[edit]

  • TA 14: (ex Turbine, Italian Turbine class destroyer), captured in Piraeus, September 1943. Served in the Aegean Sea and sunk by US Army Air Force in Salamis on 16 September 1944. [4][5]
  • TA 15: (ex Francesco Crispi, Italian Sella class destroyer), Captured in the Aegean in September 1943. Sunk by air raid near Heraklion on 8 March 1944. 34 men were killed. [6][7]
  • TA 16: (ex Castelfidardo, Italian Curtatone class destroyer), captured in the Aegean Sea, September 1943. Sunk at Heraklion after damage by RAF air raid[8][9]
  • TA 17: (ex San Martino, Italian Palestro class destroyer) captured in Piraeus 9 September 1943. Operated in the Aegean, Scuttled 12 October 1944 after damage in an air raid on Salamis. [10]
  • TA 18: (ex Solferino, Italian Palestro class destroyer), captured in Piraeus 9 September 1943. Operated in the Aegean, sunk by British destroyers HMS Tuscan and Termagant 19 October 1944.[10]
  • TA 19: (ex Calatafimi, Italian Curtatone class destroyer), captured in the Aegean Sea, September 1943. Sunk by Greek Submarine Pipinos 9 August 1944.[11][9]
  • TA 20: Ex Audace. Operated in the Adriatic. Sunk by British Hunt class destroyers HMS Avon Vale and Wheatland south of Lussino, 1 November 1944.[12][13][14]
  • TA 21: (Ex Insidioso, Italian Indomito class destroyer), Sunk by aircraft torpedo in Fiume 5 November 1944 [15][16]
  • TA 22: (Ex Giuseppe Missori, Italian Pilo class destroyer), Served in the Adriatic.[17]
  • TA 23: (Ex Impavido, Italian Ciclone class Torpedo boat). Served on the west coast of Italy.[18]
  • TA 24: (Ex-Arturo, Italian Ariete class torpedo boat). Sunk (with TA 29) in action with British destroyers HMS Meteor and Lookout in the Battle of the Ligurian Sea, 18 March 1945.[19]
  • TA 25: (Ex Intrepido, Italian Ciclone class Torpedo boat). Served on the west coast of Italy.[18]
  • TA 26: (Ex Ardito, Italian Ciclone class Torpedo boat). Served on the west coast of Italy.[18]
  • TA 27 (ex Auriga, Italian Ariete class torpedo boat). Bombed and sunk, Portoferraio, 9 September 1944.[19]
  • TA 28 (ex Rigel, Italian Ariete class torpedo boat). Bombed and sunk Genoa, 4 September 1944.
  • TA 29 (ex Eridano, Italian Ariete class torpedo boat). Sunk (with TA 24) in action with British destroyers in the Battle of the Ligurian Sea, 18 March 1945.[19]
  • TA 30 (ex Dragone, Italian Ariete class torpedo boat). Torpedoed by British MTBs, 15 June 1944.[19]
  • TA 31: (Ex Dardo, Italian Freccia class destroyer). Captured in Genoa. Damaged in an air raid 25 October 1944 and scuttled 24 April 1945.[20]
  • TA 32: Former Yugoslav destroyer Dubrovnik which was captured by the Regia Marina in 1941 and renamed Premuda. Re-built by the Germans as a Radar Picket destroyer armed with 105 mm guns. Commissioned 18 August 1944 and served on the west coast of Italy. Damaged by British destroyers in March 1945 and scuttled in Genoa 25 April 1945.[21]
  • TA 33: (ex Corsaro, ex Squadrista, Italian Soldati class destroyer). Not completed, sunk on 4 September 1944 while running trials in Genoa.[22]
  • TA 34: ex Carrista, Soldati class destroyer. Not completed.[22]
  • TA 35: (ex Giuseppe Dezza, Italian Pilo class destroyer). Served in the Adriatic.[17]
  • TA 36: (ex Stella Polare, Italian Ariete class torpedo boat). Mined 18 March 1944.[19]
  • TA 37: (ex Gladio, Italian Ariete class torpedo boat). Transferred from the Adriatic to the 9th Torpedo Boat Flotilla in the Aegean in September 1943. On October 7 TA 37 and the whole convoy that she was escorting were sunk by destroyers, HMS Turmagent and HMS Tuscan.[19]
  • TA 38 (ex-Spada, Italian Ariete class torpedo boat). Transferred from the Adriatic to the 9th Torpedo Boat Flotilla in the Aegean in September 1943. lost to an air attack on 13 October 1944.[19]
  • TA 39 (ex-Daga, Italian Ariete class torpedo boat). Transferred from the Adriatic to the 9th Torpedo Boat Flotilla in the Aegean in September 1943. On 5 October, 1944 TA 38 and TA 39 intercepted and sank HDML1227 and engaged the HMS Belvoir and HMS Waddon, Hunt Class destroyers. Sank because of striking a mine on 16 October 1944.[19]
  • TA 40: (ex Pugnale, Italian Ariete class torpedo boat). She was repaired and recommissioned and on 17 February, 1945, when off Trieste was severely damaged in an air attack in February and scuttled on 4 May, 1945.[19]
  • TA 41: (ex-Lancia, Italian Ariete class torpedo boat). Damaged by bombs at Trieste and was not repaired. She was wrecked in May.[19]
  • TA 42: (ex-Alabarda, Italian Ariete class torpedo boat). Sunk at Venice to air attack on 23 January, 1945.
  • TA 43: Former Yugoslav destroyer Beograd, which was captured by the Italians in 1941 and renamed Sibenico served in the Adriatic and scuttled in Trieste 1 May 1945.[23]
  • TA 44: (Ex Antonio Pigafetta), Italian Navigatori class destroyer). Captured at Fiume, served in Adriatic. Sunk in an air raid on Trieste 17 February 1945.[24]
  • TA 45: (ex Spica, Italian Ariete class torpedo boat). Enlisted into German service on the 8 September 1944, but it was fully equipped only in 23 November 1944 (although it participated in the combat duties even though it was not completed). TA 45 sailed to her last mission on 10 April 1945 together with TA 40 (Pugnale). Her duty was to escort and protect the tank carriers in the Velebit channels, at the time when the units of People’s Liberation Army of Yugoslavia started to land at the island of Rab supported by British light naval forces. The torpedo boat TA 45 was destroyed by the British torpedo boats which waited in the ambush near the cape Glavina on the isle of Krk.[19]
  • TA 46 (ex-Fionda, Italian Ariete class torpedo boat. Sunk in an incomplete state at Fiume on 20 February, 1945.[19]
  • TA 47 (ex-Balestra, Italian Ariete class torpedo boat). Damaged on the slipway and never launched. Balestra, still on the slip, survived the war. Seized by Yugoslavian forces and completed in 1949 as Ucka. She stayed in service until 1963.[19]
  • TA 48: (ex T3, former Yugoslav torpedo boat in Italian service). Sunk by bombing, 20 February 1945.[25]
  • TA 49: (ex Lira, Italian Spica class torpedo boat). Destroyed in air raid at La Spezia, 4 November 1944.[26]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Conway p271
  2. ^ a b Conway p379
  3. ^ TA7&8: M Emmerich at german navy.de
  4. ^ -TA 14 page at german-navy.de
  5. ^ Conway p299
  6. ^ -TA 15 at german-navy.de
  7. ^ Conway p298
  8. ^ TA 16at german-navy.de
  9. ^ a b Conway p287
  10. ^ a b Conway p287
  11. ^ TA 19 at german-navy.de
  12. ^ TA 20 at german-navy.de
  13. ^ "HMS Avon Vale, escort destroyer". Navalhistory.net. Retrieved 9 December 2012. 
  14. ^ Conway p287
  15. ^ TA 21 at german-navy.de
  16. ^ Conway p286
  17. ^ a b Conway p286
  18. ^ a b c Conway p303
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Conway p303
  20. ^ Conway p299
  21. ^ Conway p301
  22. ^ a b Conway p300
  23. ^ Conway p301
  24. ^ Conway p299
  25. ^ Conway p304
  26. ^ Conway p302

References[edit]

  • Gardiner, R. Chesnau, R. (1980) : Conways All the Worlds Fighting Ships 1922-1946 ISBN 0-85177-146-7
  • Gröner, Erich (1990). German Warships: 1815–1945. Volume 1: Major Surface Warships. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-790-9. 
  • Rohwer, Jürgen (2005). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939-1945: The Naval History of World War Two (Third Revised ed.). Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-119-2. 
  • Whitley, M. J. (1991). German Destroyers of World War Two. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-302-8. 

External links[edit]