Treaty of Peace with Italy, 1947
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The Treaty of Peace with Italy was a treaty signed in Paris on February 10, 1947, between Italy and the victorious powers of World War II, formally ending the hostilities. It came into general effect on September 15, 1947.
The provisions of the treaty included:
- Transfer of the Adriatic islands of Cherso, Lussino, Lastovo and Pelagosa; of Istria south of the river Mirna; of the enclave territory of Zara in Dalmatia; of the city of Fiume and most of the region known as the Slovenian Littoral to Yugoslavia;
- Transfer of the Dodecanese islands to Greece;
- Transfer to France of Briga and Tenda, and minor revisions of the Franco-Italian border;
- Recognition of the independence of Albania and transfer to Albania of the island of Saseno;
- Recognition of the independence of Ethiopia
- Renouncement of claims to colonies (including Libya, Eritrea and Somaliland);
- Cancellation of favourable commercial treaties with the Republic of China (including cessation of the Concession in Tientsin held by Italy since September 7, 1901)
Trieste and the surrounding area were incorporated into a new independent state called the Free Territory of Trieste. In 1954, the Free Territory of Trieste ceased to exist and Trieste and the surrounding area was divided between Yugoslavia and Italy.
On December 24, 1951, Libya declared its independence as the United Kingdom of Libya.
As provided by Annex XI of the Treaty, upon the recommendation of the United Nations General Assembly in Resolution 390 (V) of 2 December 1950, Eritrea was federated with Ethiopia on 11 September 1952. Eritrea gained its independence from Ethiopia de facto on May 24, 1991, and de jure on May 24, 1993.
Italian Somaliland was under British administration until 1949 when it became a United Nations Trust Territory under Italian administration. Italian Somaliland combined with British Somaliland on July 1, 1960, and together they became the Somali Republic.
A subsequent annex to the treaty provided for the cultural autonomy of the German minority in South Tyrol.
- Grant, John P.; J. Craig Barker, ed. (2006). International Criminal Law Deskbook. Routledge: Cavendish Publishing. p. 130.