Triangular orthobicupola

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Triangular orthobicupola
Triangular orthobicupola.png
Type Johnson
J26 - J27 - J28
Faces 2+6 triangles
6 squares
Edges 24
Vertices 12
Vertex configuration 6(32.42)
6(3.4.3.4)
Symmetry group D3h
Dual polyhedron Trapezo-rhombic dodecahedron
Properties convex
Net
Johnson solid 27 net.png

In geometry, the triangular orthobicupola is one of the Johnson solids (J27). As the name suggests, it can be constructed by attaching two triangular cupolas (J3) along their bases. It has an equal number of squares and triangles at each vertex; however, it is not vertex-transitive. It is also called an anticuboctahedron.

A Johnson solid is one of 92 strictly convex polyhedra that have regular faces but are not uniform (that is, they are not Platonic solids, Archimedean solids, prisms or antiprisms). They were named by Norman Johnson, who first listed these polyhedra in 1966.[1]

The triangular orthobicupola is the first in an infinite set of orthobicupolae.

The triangular orthobicupola has a superficial resemblance to the cuboctahedron, which would be known as the triangular gyrobicupola in the nomenclature of Johnson solids — the difference is that the two triangular cupolas which make up the triangular orthobicupola are joined so that pairs of matching sides abut (hence, "ortho"); the cuboctahedron is joined so that triangles abut squares and vice versa. Given a triangular orthobicupola, a 60-degree rotation of one cupola before the joining yields a cuboctahedron. Hence, another name for the triangular orthobicupola is the anticuboctahedron.

The elongated triangular orthobicupola (J35), which is constructed by elongating this solid, has a (different) special relationship with the rhombicuboctahedron.

The dual of the triangular orthobicupola is the trapezo-rhombic dodecahedron. It has 6 rhombic and 6 trapezoidal faces, and is similar to the rhombic dodecahedron.

Formulae[edit]

The following formulae for volume, surface area, and circumradius can be used if all faces are regular, with edge length a:[2]

V=\frac{5\sqrt{2}}{3}a^3\approx2.35702...a^3

A=2(3+\sqrt{3})a^2\approx9.4641...a^2

The circumradius of a triangular orthobicupola is the same as the edge length (C=a).

Related polyhedra and honeycombs[edit]

The rectified cubic honeycomb can be dissected and rebuilt as a space-filling lattice of triangular orthobicupolae and square pyramids.[3]

References[edit]

External links[edit]