Trinity Episcopal Church (Mobile, Alabama)

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Trinity Episcopal Church
Trinity Episcopal Mobile.JPG
Trinity Episcopal Church in 2008.
Trinity Episcopal Church (Mobile, Alabama) is located in Alabama
Trinity Episcopal Church (Mobile, Alabama)
Location 1900 Dauphin Street
Mobile, Alabama
Coordinates 30°41′11″N 88°5′9″W / 30.68639°N 88.08583°W / 30.68639; -88.08583Coordinates: 30°41′11″N 88°5′9″W / 30.68639°N 88.08583°W / 30.68639; -88.08583
Area 1.1 acres (0.45 ha)
Built 1853-57
Architect Frank Wills; Henry Dudley
Architectural style Gothic Revival
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 90001240[1]
Added to NRHP August 20, 1990[2]

Trinity Episcopal Church is a historic church in Mobile, Alabama, United States. It was the first large Gothic Revival church built in Alabama. The building was designed by architects Frank Wills and Henry Dudley.[2][3]

History[edit]

Trinity Episcopal Church was established in 1845, as the second Episcopal congregation in Mobile. Christ Church Cathedral was the first. The cornerstone for the building was placed on April 8, 1853. A yellow fever outbreak swept through the city in that year and the church's register shows that the rector conducted 49 funerals in September 1853. This appears to have delayed construction, but the building was finally completed in 1857. It was located at the corner of St. Anthony and Jackson Streets until it was moved to Dauphin Street in 1945.[3]

Hurricane Frederic damaged the building in 1979. It removed a portion of the roofing, broke windows, and damaged the spire. All of this damage was repaired, with steel reinforcement added to the rebuilt spire.[4]

It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1990.[1] It was nominated for National Historic Landmark designation, but did not obtain this status due to the building having been moved.[5]

The church building was renovated in 2010. On Christmas Day 2012 it suffered major damage from an EF2 tornado that took a path through the city. The main sanctuary lost over a third of its roof, the front gable-end wall of parish hall collapsed, and other structural damage were caused by the storm.[4]

Architecture[edit]

Trinity Episcopal Church is Gothic Revival, in a Middle Pointed style inspired by 14th century English architecture. The church is built in brick and is an aisled nave-and-chancel structure with a monumental bell tower. This church served to inspire the rector of the Episcopal Church of the Nativity in Huntsville to hire Frank Wills to design a sanctuary for his congregation. The designs for both churches are very similar.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ a b ""Alabama: Mobile County "". "National Register Historic Places". Retrieved March 2, 2008. 
  3. ^ a b ""The History of Trinity Episcopal Church"". "Trinity Episcopal Church". Archived from the original on February 19, 2008. Retrieved March 2, 2008. 
  4. ^ a b Carol McPhail (December 26, 2012). "Trinity Episcopal Members: 'We'll Get Through This'". Retrieved December 27, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b R. Gamble, Harvie Jones, and Frances Roberts (July 21, 1989). "National Landmark Nomination: Episcopal Church of the Nativity" (pdf). National Park Service.  and Accompanying 7 photos, exterior and interior, from 1989. PDF (1.59 MB)

External links[edit]