Tritonia (plant)

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For the genus of nudibranchs, see Tritonia (gastropod).
Tritonia crocata 1.jpg
Tritonia crocata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Ixioideae
Tribe: Ixieae
Genus: Tritonia
Ker Gawl.
Type species
Tritonia squalida
(Aiton) Ker Gawler

Tritonia atrorubens
Tritonia bakeri
Tritonia chrysantha
Tritonia cooperi
Tritonia crispa
Tritonia crocata
Tritonia deusta
Tritonia disticha
Tritonia drakensbergensis
Tritonia dubia
Tritonia flabellifolia
Tritonia florentiae
Tritonia kamisbergensis
Tritonia karooica
Tritonia lancea
Tritonia laxifolia
Tritonia lineata
Tritonia marlothii
Tritonia moggii
Tritonia nelsonii
Tritonia pallida
Tritonia parvula
Tritonia securigera
Tritonia squalida
Tritonia tugwelliae
Tritonia watermeyeri

Tritonia (Flame Freesia) is a genus of flowering plants in the iris family with some 28 species. They are naturally distributed mainly in South Africa, and are closely related to the genus Ixia. They are small bulbous plants up to 8 cm, that appear in great numbers in spring.

The leaves are fan-shaped. The flowers are shades of yellow, orange or brown, sweet-smelling, and gives off a very strong fragrance, especially at night. They are not grazed.

They occur in Bushmanland, the Great Escarpment, the northern, Upper and Great Karoo along ridges and hillsides.

The genus name is derived from the Latin word triton, meaning "weathervane", and alludes to the apparently random arrangement of the stamens in some species.[1]


Hardiness: Zones 8-11


  1. ^ Manning, John; Goldblatt, Peter (2008). The Iris Family: Natural History & Classification. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press. pp. 186–89. ISBN 0-88192-897-6. 

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