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Tulbaghia (Society Garlic).jpg
Tulbaghia violacea
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Genus: Tulbaghia

See text.

Tulbaghia simmleri

Tulbaghia is a monocotyledonous genus of herbaceous perennial bulbs native to Africa, belonging to the family Amaryllidaceae.[1] The genus was named for Ryk Tulbagh (1699-1771), one time governor of The Cape of Good Hope.[2]

Most species are native to the Eastern Cape of South Africa. As is common to members of the Allioideae, when their leaves are bruised they produce a distinct garlic smell. The flowers are borne in an umbel. Each flower has six narrow tepals. A characteristic of the genus is that there is a "corona" – a raised crown-like structure – at the centre of the flower. This may be small and scale-like or may be larger, somewhat like the trumpet of a small narcissus.[3]


According to the Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families as of November 2011, the genus contains the following species:[4]

Unplaced names not accepted in the Kew checklist:[4]

  • Tulbaghia bragae Engl.
  • Tulbaghia hypoxidea Sm.
  • Tulbaghia pauciflora Baker


  1. ^ Stevens, P.F. (2001 onwards), Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: Asparagales: Allioideae 
  2. ^ Gledhill, D. (1994), The Names of Plants, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-36675-5 , p. 189
  3. ^ Armitage, James (August 2007), "Time for Tulbaghia", The Garden 136 (8): 524–527 
  4. ^ a b World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2011-11-13 , search for "Tulbaghia"
  5. ^ Tulbaghia violacea on Floridata