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Tulbaghia (Society Garlic).jpg
Tulbaghia violacea
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Genus: Tulbaghia

Omentaria Salisb.

Tulbaghia simmleri

Tulbaghia is a monocotyledonous genus of herbaceous perennial bulbs native to Africa,[1] belonging to the family Amaryllidaceae.[2] The genus was named for Ryk Tulbagh (1699-1771), one time governor of The Cape of Good Hope.[3]

Most species are native to the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. As is common to members of the Allioideae, when their leaves are bruised they produce a distinct garlic smell. The flowers are borne in an umbel. Each flower has six narrow tepals. A characteristic of the genus is that there is a "corona" – a raised crown-like structure – at the centre of the flower. This may be small and scale-like or may be larger, somewhat like the trumpet of a small narcissus.[4]

  1. Tulbaghia acutiloba Harv. - Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland, South Africa
  2. Tulbaghia aequinoctialis Welw. ex Baker - Angola
  3. Tulbaghia alliacea L.f., syn. Tulbaghia affinis - Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia, South Africa
  4. Tulbaghia calcarea Engl. & Krause - Namibia
  5. Tulbaghia cameronii Baker - Cameroon, Zaire, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Namibia
  6. Tulbaghia capensis L. - Cape Province
  7. Tulbaghia cernua Fisch. - Botswana, Lesotho, South Africa
  8. Tulbaghia coddii Vosa & R.B.Burb. - Mpumalanga
  9. Tulbaghia cominsii Vosa - Cape Province
  10. Tulbaghia dregeana Kunth - Cape Province
  11. Tulbaghia friesii Suess. - Nyanga Mountains of Mozambique + Zimbabwe
  12. Tulbaghia galpinii Schltr. - Cape Province
  13. Tulbaghia leucantha Baker - Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Namibia
  14. Tulbaghia ludwigiana Harv. - Swaziland, South Africa
  15. Tulbaghia luebbertiana Engl. & Krause - Namibia
  16. Tulbaghia macrocarpa Vosa - Zimbabwe
  17. Tulbaghia montana Vosa - Cape Province
  18. Tulbaghia natalensis Baker - Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal
  19. Tulbaghia nutans Vosa - Mpumalanga
  20. Tulbaghia pretoriensis Vosa & Condy - Gauteng
  21. Tulbaghia rhodesica R.E.Fr. - Tanzania, Zambia
  22. Tulbaghia simmleri Beauverd - Northern Province
  23. Tulbaghia tenuior K.Krause & Dinter - Cape Province, Namibia
  24. Tulbaghia transvaalensis Vosa - Limpopo, KwaZulu-Natal
  25. Tulbaghia verdoornia Vosa & R.B.Burb. - Cape Province
  26. Tulbaghia violacea Harv. – Society garlic[5] - Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal; naturalized in Tanzania + Mexico


  1. ^ a b c World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2011-11-13 , search for "Tulbaghia"
  2. ^ Stevens, P.F. (2001 onwards), Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: Asparagales: Allioideae  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  3. ^ Gledhill, D. (1994), The Names of Plants, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-36675-5 , p. 189
  4. ^ Armitage, James (August 2007), "Time for Tulbaghia", The Garden 136 (8): 524–527 
  5. ^ Tulbaghia violacea on Floridata