Government of the Grand National Assembly
|Government of the
Grand National Assembly
Büyük Millet Meclisi Hükûmeti
Situation in Turkey following the Treaty of Sevres
|-||1923||Ali Fethi Okyar|
|Legislature||Grand National Assembly|
|Historical era||Interwar period|
|-||Proclamation||23 April 1920|
|-||Sultanate abolished||1 November 1922|
|-||Republic proclaimed||29 October 1923|
|Today part of||Turkey|
The Government of the Grand National Assembly (Turkish: Büyük Millet Meclisi Hükûmeti, since 8 February 1921, Government of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey) commonly termed Ankara Government (Turkish: Ankara Hükümeti) was the name given to the temporary and revolutionary government of Ankara during the Turkish War of Independence (1919–1923), and during the final years of the Ottoman Empire.
Even though in Constantinople there was still a nominal government of the Ottoman Empire, once the Grand National Assembly was established, on 23 April 1920, without rejecting at first, the legitimacy of the Sultanate, the new parliament formed its own government within the GNA. The Ministers were called "Vekil" (Acting) instead of the conventional "Nazır", to keep the appearance, as the reason utilised for forming a government was the fact that the real capital, Constantinople was under occupation. President of the GNA (the Grand National Assembly of Turkey since 8 February 1921) and later of the Republic of Turkey, was Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk). Once the Armistice of Mudanya was signed, replacing the Armistice of Mundros (signed by the Empire in 1918, at the end of World War I) and ending the Turkish War of Independence, the GNA abolished the Sultanate which was accused of collaborating with the Allies during the occupation of Turkey. The Treaty of Lausanne was signed on 24 July 1923, between the representatives of the Allies and of Ankara, thus officially recognizing the government of Ankara. On 29 October, the Republic of Turkey was proclaimed by the Grand National National Assembly of Turkey.
- Turkish National Movement
- Turkish War of Independence
- Grand National Assembly of Turkey
- Abolition of the Ottoman Sultanate
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