Turriff

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Coordinates: 57°32′21″N 2°27′40″W / 57.539031°N 2.461141°W / 57.539031; -2.461141

Turriff
Scottish Gaelic: Baile Thurra [1]
Scots: Turra
Turriff.jpg
Turriff
Turriff is located in Aberdeen
Turriff
Turriff
 Turriff shown within Aberdeenshire
Population 5,708 (2001)
OS grid reference NJ725505
    - Edinburgh  160 miles (257 km) 
    - London  569 miles (916 km) 
Civil parish Turriff
Council area Aberdeenshire
Lieutenancy area Aberdeenshire
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town TURRIFF
Postcode district AB53
Dialling code 01888
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Banff and Buchan
Scottish Parliament Aberdeenshire East
List of places
UK
Scotland

Turriff is a town and civil parish in Aberdeenshire in Scotland. It lies on the River Deveron, approximately 166 feet (51 m) above sea level, and has a population of 5,708.[2]

Turriff is known locally as Turra in the Doric dialect of Scots. The name appears to be Scottish Gaelic in origin, from "torr" meaning a mound or round hill, or "tur" meaning a tower.

Services and amenities[edit]

Turriff mercat cross. The local red sandstone used in the cross and the buildings behind it is characteristic of Turriff's older buildings.

There are four Churches in Turriff, St Ninian's (Church of Scotland), St Andrew's (Church of Scotland), St Congan's (Episcopal Church), and a Baptist church.

Turriff has a primary school (Markethill Primary School) and a secondary school (Turriff Academy). People from the surrounding areas, including the villages of Cuminestown, Fyvie and King Edward attend the secondary school.

Bank of Scotland, Royal Bank of Scotland, Santander UK (formerly Alliance & Leicester), Clydesdale Bank and TSB have branches in the town. The main supermarket chains are Tesco (whose premises have previously been occupied by Presto, Gateway and Somerfield) and Co-op Food and there are numerous specialist shops including two dispensing pharmacies. The town has a library, a sports centre and swimming pool. It is served by Turriff Cottage Hospital. In October 2013, Aberdeenshire Council approved the transfer of the Municipal Building (previously used as council offices) to a volunteer group for use as a general community centre, and this is expected to officially take place in 2014.

Turriff has a football team called Turriff United F.C. who now play in the Highland League, having been voted into membership on 26 February 2009.

An annual two-day agricultural show is held in Turriff called the "Turriff Show", which is Scotland's largest two day agricultural show.[citation needed] It will mark its 150th anniversary in 2014.

The town has its own weekly newspaper, the Turriff Advertiser, established in 1933 and commonly nicknamed The Squeak.

A farmers and general street market, relaunched in 2013, takes place on the third Saturday of each month.

History[edit]

Statue commemorating the Turra Coo

The Knights Templar appear to have had a base in the area, and a nearby site is still known as "Temple Brae".[citation needed]

Turriff was notable as the scene of the very first engagements of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms (1639–51). Early in 1639, the Marquis of Huntly assembled his forces here, and thereafter went to Kintore in lower Aberdeenshire, eventually marching from there to Aberdeen itself. The Marquis — being informed shortly after his arrival in Aberdeen that a meeting of Covenanters was to be held in Turriff on the fourteenth of February — resolved to disperse them, by occupying the town with 2000 men. The incident was known as the "Raid of Turriff" and was followed a few days later by a minor engagement known as the "Trot of Turriff".[3]

More recently, the 1913 Turra Coo incident in the parish was the result of a local refusal to pay National Insurance when this was introduced by Lloyd George's government. A statue of the "coo" (cow) was erected in 2010 in the town centre at the junction of High Street and Main Street and has become a popular emblem for the town.

Historically, Turriff was an important centre for agricultural trade, with its mart being mentioned in the mid-19th century Second Statistical Account of Scotland as one of the largest in the country. The mart finally ceased operation in December 1989, having been eclipsed by the newer Thainstone Mart at Inverurie. At one time the town was served by the Banff, Macduff and Turriff Junction Railway.

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ainmean-àite na h-Alba ~ Gaelic Place-names of Scotland
  2. ^ General Register Office for Scotland : Census 2001 : Usual Resident Population KS01 : Turriff Civil Parish Retrieved 4 January 2010
  3. ^ Trevor Royle (2005) Civil War: The Wars of the Three Kingdoms. London, Abacus: 89-91

External links[edit]