Protein unc-13 homolog B is a protein that in humans is encoded by the UNC13Bgene.
This gene is expressed in the kidney cortical epithelial cells and is upregulated by hyperglycemia. The encoded protein shares a high level of similarity to the rat homolog, and contains 3 C2 domains and a diacylglycerol-binding C1 domain. Hyperglycemia increases the levels of diacylglycerol, which has been shown to induce apoptosis in cells transfected with this gene and thus contribute to the renal cell complications of hyperglycemia. Studies in other species also indicate a role for this protein in the priming step of synaptic vesicle exocytosis.
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Cheviet S, Coppola T, Haynes LP et al. (2004). "The Rab-binding protein Noc2 is associated with insulin-containing secretory granules and is essential for pancreatic beta-cell exocytosis". Mol. Endocrinol.18 (1): 117–26. doi:10.1210/me.2003-0300. PMID14593078.