USS Lawrence (DD-8)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other ships of the same name, see USS Lawrence.
USS Lawrence
USS Lawrence
Career (U.S.)
Name: USS Lawrence
Namesake: Captain James Lawrence
Builder: Fore River Ship & Engine Company, Weymouth, Massachusetts
Laid down: 10 April 1899
Launched: 7 November 1900
Commissioned: 7 April 1903
Decommissioned: 20 June 1919
Struck: 19 September 1919
Fate: Sold and converted to merchant, 3 January 1920
General characteristics
Class & type: Bainbridge-class destroyer
Displacement: 430 long tons (440 t)
Length: 248 ft 3 in (75.67 m)
Beam: 22 ft 3 in (6.78 m)
Installed power: 8,400 ihp (6,300 kW)[1]
Propulsion: 2 × reciprocating steam engines[2]
2 × screws
Speed: 30 kn (35 mph; 56 km/h)
Capacity: 108 short tons (98 t) coal[3]
Complement: 72 officers and enlisted
Armament: 2 × 3 in (76 mm)/50 cal guns
5 × 6-pounder (57 mm (2.24 in)) guns
2 × 18 in (460 mm) torpedo tubes

The third USS Lawrence (DD-8) was a Bainbridge-class destroyer in the United States Navy. She was named for Captain James Lawrence.

Lawrence was laid down on 10 April 1899 by Fore River Ship & Engine Company, Weymouth, Massachusetts; launched on 7 November 1900; sponsored by Miss Ruth Lawrence, great niece of Captain Lawrence; and commissioned on 7 April 1903, Lieutenant Andre M. Proctor in command.

Service history[edit]

Pre-World War I[edit]

Assigned to the 2nd Torpedo Flotilla, Lawrence operated along the Atlantic coast, taking part in the fleet search problem off the New England coast during the summer of 1903. The torpedo boat departed Norfolk on 17 December, and sailed to Key West for winter exercises.

During 1904, she performed Midshipmen cruises and acted as a torpedo practice ship. She continued exercises in the Caribbean and along the Atlantic coast until she decommissioned at Philadelphia on 14 November 1906.

Lawrence recommissioned on 23 July 1907 and resumed training operations out of Norfolk. Departing Hampton Roads on 2 December, she sailed with the torpedo flotilla for winter maneuvers in the Caribbean and off South America. She arrived at San Diego on 28 April 1908 and stood out San Francisco eight days later as the "Great White Fleet" steamed into San Francisco Bay. During the next four years, she operated in the Pacific with the 3rd Torpedo Flotilla patrolling the coast from Canada to Panama and engaged in exercises with the fleet. From 1 June 1912-23 April 1914, Lawrence was in commission in reserve.

Returned to full commission status, she departed San Francisco on 25 April to patrol the Mexican coast and protect American and foreign nationals during the Mexican revolution. Returning to Mare Island on 12 September, the destroyer was once again placed in reserve status.

World War I[edit]

After America's entry into World War I, Lawrence was placed in full commission on 13 June 1917 to join coastal defense units. Arriving Balboa, Panama, on 29 July, she guarded the ocean approaches to the Panama Canal Zone until on 30 May 1918, when she steamed toward Key West. Upon her arrival there she operated as coastal escort and patrol ship. After the Armistice, Lawrence steamed to Philadelphia, arriving there on 1 February 1919. She decommissioned on 20 June and was sold to Joseph G. Hitner of Philadelphia on 3 January 1920.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ (2001) Jane's Fighting Ships of World War I, pg. 148. Random House, London. ISBN 1-85170-378-0
  2. ^ Haislip, Harvey, CAPT USN. (September 1977). "A Memory of Ships". United States Naval Institute Proceedings. 
  3. ^ (2001) Jane's Fighting Ships of World War I, pg. 148. Random House, London. ISBN 1-85170-378-0
  • Jane's Fighting Ships of World War I. London: Random House Group, Ltd. 2001. p. 148. ISBN 1-85170-378-0. 

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.

External links[edit]