United States House of Representatives elections, 1808

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United States House of Representatives elections, 1808
United States
1806 ←
April 26, 1808 - May 5, 1809
→ 1810

All 142 seats to the United States House of Representatives
72 seats were needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  JosephBradleyVarnum.jpg TimothyPitkin.jpg
Leader Joseph Bradley Varnum Timothy Pitkin
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Leader's seat Massachusetts-4th Connecticut-AL
Last election 116 26
Seats won 93 49
Seat change Decrease 23 Increase 23

Speaker before election

Joseph Bradley Varnum
Democratic-Republican

Elected Speaker

Joseph Bradley Varnum
Democratic-Republican

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 11th Congress were held in the various states between April 1808 (in New York) and May 1809 (in Tennessee). The Congress first met on May 22, 1809.

Although the Democratic-Republicans maintained control of the presidency (under James Madison) and Congress after the election of 1808, Federalists made significant gains in the House, mainly due to the unpopularity of the Embargo Act of 1807. In particular, voters in New England, who often had ties to the shipping or manufacturing industries, overwhelmingly chose to send Federalists to Washington. Economic stagnation due to the closing of the export market and fears that Democratic-Republican policies had the potential for leading America into a naval war with France or Britain were key issues that allowed for a brief Federalist resurgence. The Democratic-Republicans were left with a majority under two-thirds for the first time since the election of 1800.

Election summaries[edit]

93 49
Democratic-Republican Federalist
State Type Date Total
seats
Democratic-
Republican
Federalist
Seats Change Seats Change
Connecticut At-large September 19, 1808 7 0 Steady 7 Steady
Delaware At-large October 4, 1808 1 0 Steady 1 Steady
Georgia At-large October 3, 1808 4 4 Steady 0 Steady
Kentucky District (6) August 1, 1808 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland District (8[1]) October 3, 1808 9 6 Steady 3 Steady
Massachusetts District (17) November 7, 1808 17 7 Decrease4 10 Increase4
New Hampshire At-large August 29, 1808 5 0 Decrease5 5 Increase5
New Jersey At-large November 7–8, 1808 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
New York District (15[2]) April 26–28, 1808 17 9 Decrease6 8 Increase6
North Carolina District (12) August 12, 1808 12 9 Decrease2 3 Increase2
Ohio At-large October 11, 1808 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Pennsylvania District (11[3]) October 11, 1808 18 16 Increase1 2 Decrease1
Rhode Island At-large August 30, 1808 2 0 Decrease2 2 Increase2
South Carolina District (8) October 10–11, 1808 8 8 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont District (4) September 6, 1808[4] 4 1 Decrease1 3 Increase1
1809 Elections
Tennessee District (3) May 4–5, 1809 3 3 Steady 0 Steady
Virginia District (22) April, 1809 22 17 Decrease4 5 Increase4
Total 142 93
65.5%
Decrease23 49
34.5%
Increase23
House seats
D-R
  
65.49%
Federalist
  
34.51%

Complete returns[edit]

Connecticut[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Connecticut at-large
7 seats on a general ticket
Benjamin Tallmadge Federalist 1801 (special) Re-elected Epaphroditus Champion[5] (F)
Samuel W. Dana (F)
John Davenport (F)
Jonathan O. Moseley (F)
Timothy Pitkin (F)
Lewis B. Sturges (F)
Benjamin Tallmadge (F)

Sylvanus Backus (F)
Asa Bacon (F)
John Caldwell (F)
Sylvester Gilbert (F)
Uriel Holmes (F)
Ebenezer Huntington[6] (F)
Lyman Law (F)
Samuel B. Sherwood (F)
Nathan Smith (F)
Nathaniel Terry (F)
Noah Webster (F)
Jonathan O. Moseley Federalist 1804 Re-elected
Epaphroditus Champion Federalist 1806 Re-elected
Timothy Pitkin Federalist 1805 (special) Re-elected
Lewis B. Sturges Federalist 1805 (special) Re-elected
John Davenport Federalist 1798 Re-elected
Samuel W. Dana Federalist 1798 Re-elected

Samuel W. Dana (F) resigned on May 10, 1810, having been elected to the Senate and was replaced by Ebenezer Huntington (F)

Delaware[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Delaware at-large Nicholas Van Dyke Federalist 1807 (special) Retired
Federalist hold
Nicholas Van Dyke (F) 53.3%
Joseph Haslet (DR) 46.7%

Georgia[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Georgia at-large
4 seats on a general ticket
Howell Cobb Democratic-Republican 1806 Re-elected William W. Bibb (DR) 22.7%
George M. Troup (DR) 22.2%
Howell Cobb (DR) 20.6%
Dennis Smelt (DR) 14.8%

James E. Houston (DR) 11.1%
John M. Dooley (DR) 8.6%
George M. Troup Democratic-Republican 1806 Re-elected
Dennis Smelt Democratic-Republican 1806 (special) Re-elected
William W. Bibb Democratic-Republican 1806 Re-elected

Kentucky[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Kentucky 1 Matthew Lyon Democratic-Republican 1796[7]
1803
Re-elected Matthew Lyon[5] (DR)
Anthony New (DR)
Kentucky 2 John Boyle Democratic-Republican 1803 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Samuel McKee[5] (DR)
Philip Trapnell
John L. Bridges
Kentucky 3 John Rowan Democratic-Republican 1806 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Henry Crist[5] (DR)
Stephen Ormsby (DR)
Kentucky 4 Richard M. Johnson Democratic-Republican 1806 Re-elected Richard M. Johnson (DR) 100%
Kentucky 5 Benjamin Howard Democratic-Republican 1806 Re-elected Benjamin Howard (DR) 100%
Kentucky 6 Joseph Desha Democratic-Republican 1806 Re-elected Joseph Desha (DR) 100%

In the 5th district, Benjamin Howard (DR) resigned on April 10, 1810 to become Governor of Louisiana Territory and was replaced in a special election by William T. Barry (DR)

Maryland[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Maryland 1 John Campbell Federalist 1801 Re-elected John Campbell (F) 70.1%
James Fenwick (DR) 29.7%
Maryland 2 Archibald Van Horne Democratic-Republican 1806 Re-elected Archibald Van Horne (DR) 60.0%
Henry A. Callis (F) 40.0%
Maryland 3 Philip Barton Key Federalist 1806 Re-elected Philip Barton Key (F) 66.5%
John Wampler (DR) 33.5%
Maryland 4 Roger Nelson Democratic-Republican 1804 (special) Re-elected Roger Nelson (DR) 51.8%
Upton Bruce (F) 48.2%
Maryland 5 Nicholas R. Moore Democratic-Republican 1803 Re-elected Nicholas R. Moore (DR) 44.8%
Alexander McKim (DR) 43.4%

William Winder (F) 11.9%
William McCreery Democratic-Republican 1803 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Maryland 6 John Montgomery Democratic-Republican 1806 Re-elected John Montgomery (DR) 51.5%
William Spencer (F) 32.9%
John Archer (DR) 15.6%
Maryland 7 Edward Lloyd Democratic-Republican 1806 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
John Brown (DR) 58.6%
Robert H. Goldsborough (F) 41.4%
Maryland 8 Charles Goldsborough Federalist 1804 Re-elected Charles Goldsborough (F) 75.1%
Charles Nutter (DR) 24.9%

On May 10, 1810, Roger Nelson (DR) of the 4th district resigned and was replaced in a special election by Samuel Ringgold (DR).

In the 7th district, John Brown (DR) resigned some time after being re-elected after appointment as Clerk of Court of Queen Anne's County and was replaced in a special election, for both the remainder of the 11th Congress and for the 12th Congress, by Robert Wright (DR).

Massachusetts[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[8]
Massachusetts 1
Known as the Suffolk district
Josiah Quincy Federalist 1804 Re-elected Josiah Quincy (F) 59.1%
William Jarvis (DR) 40.8%
Massachusetts 2
Known as the Essex South district
Joseph Story Democratic-Republican 1808 (special) Retired
Federalist gain
Benjamin Pickman, Jr. (F) 52.2%
Daniel Kilham (DR) 47.8%
Massachusetts 3
Known as the Essex North district
Edward St. Loe Livermore Federalist 1806 Re-elected Edward St. Loe Livermore (F) 63.6%
Thomas Kitteridge (DR) 36.0%
Massachusetts 4
Known as the Middlesex district
Joseph Bradley Varnum Democratic-Republican 1794 Re-elected Joseph Bradley Varnum (DR) 63.4%
Abraham Bigelow (F) 36.%
Massachusetts 5
Known as the Hampshire South district
William Ely Federalist 1804 Re-elected William Ely (F) 66.0%
Samuel Fowler (DR) 33.9%
Massachusetts 6
Known as the Hampshire North district
Samuel Taggart Federalist 1803 Re-elected Samuel Taggart (F) 68.4%
Solomon Snead (DR) 31.5%
Massachusetts 7
Known as the Plymouth district
Joseph Barker Democratic-Republican 1804 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Charles Turner, Jr. (DR) 50.4%
William Baylies (F) 49.2%
Massachusetts 8
Known as the Barnstable district
Isaiah L. Green Democratic-Republican 1804 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Gideon Gardner (DR) 58.1%
Wendall Davis (F) 41.9%
Massachusetts 9
Known as the Bristol district
Josiah Dean Democratic-Republican 1806 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Laban Wheaton (F) 56.8%
Josiah Dean (DR) 42.7%
Massachusetts 10
Known as the Worcester South district
Jabez Upham Federalist 1806 Re-elected Jabez Upham (F) 54.3%
Edward Bangs (DR) 44.4%
John Spurr (DR) 1.2%
Massachusetts 11
Known as the Worcester North district
William Stedman Federalist 1803 Re-elected William Stedman (F) 65.3%
Moses White (DR) 32.3%
Abijah Bigelow (F) 1.8%
Massachusetts 12
Known as the Berkshire district
Ezekiel Bacon Democratic-Republican 1807 (special) Re-elected Ezekiel Bacon (DR) 54.4%
John W. Hulbert (F) 45.6%
Massachusetts 13
Known as the Norfolk district
Ebenezer Seaver Democratic-Republican 1803 Re-elected Ebenezer Seaver (DR) 57.7%
Edward Robbins (F) 42.1%
District of Maine Massachusetts 14
Known as the York district
Richard Cutts Democratic-Republican 1801 Re-elected Richard Cutts (DR) 51.2%
Joseph Leland (F) 47.7%
Others 1.0%
Massachusetts 15
Known as the Cumberland district
Daniel Ilsley Democratic-Republican 1804 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Ezekiel Whitman (F) 50.9%
Daniel Ilsley (DR) 49.1%
Massachusetts 16
Known as the Lincoln district
Orchard Cook Democratic-Republican 1804 Re-elected Orchard Cook (DR) 50.9%
Alden Bradford (F) 48.1%
Barzillai Gannett (DR) 1.0%
Massachusetts 17
Known as the Kennebec district
John Chandler Democratic-Republican 1804 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Barzillai Gannett (DR) 50.6%
Thomas Rice (F) 48.7%

In the 7th district, there were 430 votes for "Charles Turner" which were counted separately from Charles Turner, Jr. (DR). This caused the vote tally to be William Baylies (F) 1,828 (49.4%), Charles Turner, Jr. (DR) 1,443 (39.0%), "Charles Turner" 430 (11.6%).[9] As no candidate had a majority, a second election was held on January 19, 1809 which elected Baylies with 54.3% of the vote.[10] Turner successfully contested this election, and was subsequently declared the winner based on the first ballot, with the second invalidated. He was seated June 8, 1809[11]

In the 10th district, Jabez Upham (F) resigned sometime in 1810 and was replaced in a special election by Joseph Allen (F).

In the 11th district, William Stedman (F) resigned July 10, 1810 and was replaced in a special election by Abijah Bigelow (F)

New Hampshire[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New Hampshire at-large
5 seats on a general ticket
Peter Carleton Democratic-Republican 1806 Retired
Federalist gain
William Hale (F) 11.1%
Nathaniel A. Haven (F) 11.1%
John C. Chamberlain (F) 11.0%
Daniel Blaisdell (F) 11.0%
James Wilson (F) 11.0%

Francis Gardner (DR) 9.0%
Jedediah K. Smith (DR) 9.0%
Daniel Durell (DR) 9.0%
Charles Cutts (DR) 9.0%
Clement Storer (DR) 9.0%
Daniel M. Durell Democratic-Republican 1806 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Francis Gardner Democratic-Republican 1806 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Jedediah K. Smith Democratic-Republican 1806 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Clement Storer Democratic-Republican 1806 Lost re-election
Federalist gain

New Jersey[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New Jersey at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Adam Boyd Democratic-Republican 1808 (special) Re-elected Henry Southard (DR) 9.4%
Adam Boyd (DR) 9.4%
William Helms (DR) 9.4%
Thomas Newbold (DR) 9.3%
James Cox (DR) 9.3%
Jacob Hufty (DR) 9.3%

John Beatty (DR) 7.4%
William Campfield (F) 7.4%
William Coxe, Jr. (F) 7.4%
John Neilson (F) 7.3%
Aaron Ogden (F) 7.3%
Samuel Harrison (F) 7.3%
Thomas Newbold Democratic-Republican 1806 Re-elected
William Helms Democratic-Republican 1800 Re-elected
John Lambert Democratic-Republican 1804 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Henry Southard Democratic-Republican 1800 Re-elected
James Sloan Democratic-Republican 1803 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold

Cox died on September 12, 1810. The resulting vacancy was filled in a special election by John A. Scudder (DR).

New York[edit]

Between the 1806 and 1808 elections, New York went through a re-districting that reduced the number of districts to 15 by creating two plural districts with two seats each.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New York 1 Samuel Riker Democratic-Republican 1806 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Ebenezer Sage (DR) 38.7%
Benjamin B. Blydenburgh (F) 38.3%
John W. Seaman (DR) 23.0%
New York 2
Plural district with 2 seats
Gurdon S. Mumford
Redistricted from the 2nd/3rd district
Democratic-Republican 1804 (Special) Re-elected William Denning (DR) 28.6%
Gurdon S. Mumford (DR) 28.5%

William Henderson (F) 21.5%
Barent Gardenier (F) 21.4%
George Clinton, Jr.
Redistricted from the 2nd/3rd district
Democratic-Republican 1805 (Special) Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
New York 3 John Blake, Jr.
Redistricted from the 5th district
Democratic-Republican 1804 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Jonathan Fisk (DR) (53.3%)
Richard Hatfield (F) 46.7%
New York 4 Daniel C. Verplanck
Redistricted from the 6th district
Democratic-Republican 1803 (special) Retired
Federalist gain
James Emott (F) 74.3%
Robert Johnston (DR) 25.7%
New York 5 Barent Gardenier
Redistricted from the 7th district
Federalist 1806 Re-elected Barent Gardenier (F) 56.5%
John Dill (DR) 43.5%
New York 6
Plural district with 2 seats
James I. Van Alen
Redistricted from the 8th district
Democratic-Republican 1806 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Herman Knickerbocker (F) 26.2%
Robert Le Roy Livingston (F) 26.1%

James I. Van Alen (DR) 23.9%
James L. Hogeboom (DR) 23.8%
Josiah Masters
Redistricted from the 10th district
Democratic-Republican 1804 Retired
Federalist gain
New York 7 Killian Van Rensselaer
Redistricted from the 9th district
Federalist 1800 Re-elected Killian K. Van Rensselaer (F)[5]
George Merchant (DR)
New York 8 John Thompson
Redistricted from the 11th district
Democratic-Republican 1806 Re-elected John Thompson (DR) 65.6%
William Bailey (F) 34.4%
New York 9 Peter Swart
Redistricted from the 13th district
Democratic-Republican 1806 Retired
Federalist gain
Thomas Sammons (F) 63.3%
John Herkimer (DR) 36.7%
New York 10 None (District created) Democratic-Republican gain John Nicholson (DR) 53.8%
Moss Kent (F) 46.2%
New York 11 None (District created) Federalist gain Thomas R. Gold (F) 56.4%
Joshua Hathaway (F) 43.6%
New York 12 John Russell
Redistricted from the 14th district
Democratic-Republican 1806 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Erastus Root (DR) 49.5%
Gabriel North (F) 36.7%
Ebenezer Foote (F) 13.9%
New York 13 None (District created) Democratic-Republican gain Uri Tracy (DR)[5]
Isaac Foote (F)
New York 14 John Harris
Redistricted from the 17th district
Democratic-Republican 1806 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Vincent Mathews (F) 41.2%
John Harris (DR) 23.4%
Matthew Carpenter (DR) 21.2%
Joseph Glover (DR) 14.2%
New York 15 None (District created) Democratic-Republican gain Peter B. Porter (DR) 59.9%
Nathaniel W. Howell (F) 40.1%

William Denning (DR) in the 2nd district never took his seat and eventually resigned. The exact date of his resignation has been lost, but a replacement was chosen in a special election held at the same time as the 1810 elections by Samuel L. Mitchill (DR)

North Carolina[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
North Carolina 1 Lemuel Sawyer Democratic-Republican 1806 Re-elected Lemuel Sawyer (DR) 67.0%
William H. Murfree (F) 33.0%
North Carolina 2 Willis Alston Democratic-Republican 1798 Re-elected Willis Alston (DR) 58.0%
Daniel Mason (DR) 42.0%
North Carolina 3 Thomas Blount Democratic-Republican 1793
1804
Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
William Kennedy (DR) 52.0%
Thomas Blount (DR) 48.0%
North Carolina 4 William Blackledge Democratic-Republican 1803 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
John Stanly (F) 51.8%
William Blackledge (DR) 48.2%
North Carolina 5 Thomas Kenan Democratic-Republican 1805 (special) Re-elected Thomas Kenan (DR) 100%
North Carolina 6 Nathaniel Macon Democratic-Republican 1791 Re-elected Nathaniel Macon (DR) 99.9%
North Carolina 7 John Culpepper Federalist 1806 Lost re-election
Federalist hold
Archibald McBryde (F) 54.6%
John Culpepper (F) 45.4%
North Carolina 8 Richard Stanford Democratic-Republican 1796 Re-elected Richard Stanford (DR) 65.3%
Duncan Cameron (F) 34.7%
North Carolina 9 Marmaduke Williams Democratic-Republican 1803 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
James Cochran (DR) 52.3%
Theophilus Lacy (DR) 47.3%
North Carolina 10 Evan S. Alexander Democratic-Republican 1806 (special) Retired
Federalist gain
Joseph Pearson (F) 63.8%
Robert Locke (DR) 36.2%
North Carolina 11 James Holland Democratic-Republican 1800 Re-elected James Holland (DR) 48.7%
Felix Walker (DR) 31.2%
John MacClain (F) 9.4%
William Tate (F) 8.0%
William Porter (F) 2.8%
North Carolina 12 Meshack Franklin Democratic-Republican 1806 Re-elected Meshack Franklin (DR) 54.6%
Joseph Winston (DR) 40.5%
James Martin (F) 4.9%

Ohio[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Ohio at-large Jeremiah Morrow Democratic-Republican 1803 Re-elected Jeremiah Morrow (DR) 71.5%
Philemon Beecher (F) 28.5%

Pennsylvania[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[12]
Pennsylvania 1
Plural district with 3 seats
Incumbent Joseph Clay (DR) resigned on March 18, 1808 Democratic-Republican hold Benjamin Say[13] (DR) 18.5%
John Porter (DR) 18.5%
William Anderson (DR) 18.4%

Joseph Hemphill (F) 14.9%
Derick Peterson (F) 14.9%
Charles W. Hare (F) 14.8%
Jacob Richards Democratic-Republican 1802 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
John Porter Democratic-Republican 1806 Re-elected
Pennsylvania 2
Plural district with 3 seats
Robert Brown Democratic-Republican 1798 (Special) Re-elected Robert Brown (DR) 16.9%
John Ross (DR) 16.8%
William Milnor (F) 16.7%

John Pugh (DR) 16.7%
John Hahn (DR) 16.6%
Roswell Wells (F) 16.4%
William Milnor Federalist 1806 Re-elected
John Pugh Democratic-Republican 1804 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican hold
Pennsylvania 3
Plural district with 3 seats
Robert Jenkins Federalist 1806 Re-elected Matthias Richards (DR) 17.1%
Daniel Hiester (DR) 17.1%
Robert Jenkins (F) 16.9%

John Whitehill (DR) 16.4%
Roger Davis (DR) 16.3%
William Witman (DR) 16.2%
Matthias Richards Democratic-Republican 1806 Re-elected
John Hiester Democratic-Republican 1806 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Pennsylvania 4
Plural district with 2 seats
Robert Whitehill Democratic-Republican 1805 (Special) Re-elected Robert Whitehill (DR) 36.7%
David Bard (DR) 36.6%

John Gloninger (F) 13.5%
William Alexander (F) 13.2%
David Bard Democratic-Republican 1802 Re-elected
Pennsylvania 5 Daniel Montgomery Democratic-Republican 1806 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
George Smith (DR) 82.3%
John Bull (F) 17.3%
Pennsylvania 6 James Kelly Federalist 1804 Lost re-election
Democratic-Republican gain
William Crawford (DR) 52.4%
James Kelly (F) 47.6%
Pennsylvania 7 John Rea Democratic-Republican 1802 Re-elected John Rea (DR) 61.5%
Andrew Dunlap (F) 38.5%
Pennsylvania 8 William Findley Democratic-Republican 1802 Re-elected William Findley (DR) 45.7%
John Kirkpatrick (DR) 29.1%
Robert Philson (DR) 25.2%
Pennsylvania 9 John Smilie Democratic-Republican 1792
1798
Re-elected John Smilie (DR) 67.3%
Thomas Meason (F) 32.7%
Pennsylvania 10 William Hoge Democratic-Republican 1806 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Aaron Lyle (DR) 76.5%
John Hamilton (F) 23.5%
Pennsylvania 11 Samuel Smith Democratic-Republican 1805 (Special) Re-elected Samuel Smith (DR) 68.3%
Alexander Foster (F) 31.7%

Benjamin Say (DR) of the 1st district subsequently resigned sometime in 1809 and was replaced in a special election by Adam Seybert (DR)

Rhode Island[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Rhode Island at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Previous incumbent Nehemiah Knight (DR) died June 13, 1808 Federalist gain Richard Jackson, Jr.[13] (F) 26.6%
Elisha R. Potter (F) 26.4%

Isaac Wilbour (DR) 23.6%
Jonathan Russell (DR) 23.4%
Isaac Wilbour Democratic-Republican 1806 Lost re-election
Federalist gain

At the same time as the general election for the House of Representatives, a special election was held to fill the vacancy left by Knight's death.

South Carolina[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[8]
South Carolina 1
Also known as Charleston district
Robert Marion Democratic-Republican 1804 Re-elected Robert Marion (DR) 68.2%
Thomas Lowndes (F) 30.1%
South Carolina 2
Also known as Beaufort district
William Butler, Sr. Democratic-Republican 1800 Re-elected William Butler, Sr. (DR) 96.3%
Thomas Deveaux 2.0%
South Carolina 3
Also known as Georgetown district
David R. Williams Democratic-Republican 1804 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Robert Witherspoon (DR) 72.4%
Theodore Gourdin (DR) 27.6%
South Carolina 4
Also known as Orangeburgh district
John Taylor Democratic-Republican 1806 Re-elected John Taylor (DR) 100%
South Carolina 5
Also known as Sumter district
Richard Winn Democratic-Republican 1802 (special) Re-elected Richard Winn (DR) 53.5%
William Ellison 46.5%
South Carolina 6
Also known as Abbeville district
Joseph Calhoun Democratic-Republican 1807 (special) Re-elected Joseph Calhoun (DR) 76.3%
William Burnsides 26.7%
South Carolina 7
Also known as Spartanburgh district
Thomas Moore Democratic-Republican 1800 Re-elected Thomas Moore (DR) 100%
South Carolina 8
Also known as Pendleton district
Lemuel J. Alston Democratic-Republican 1806 Re-elected Lemuel J. Alston (DR) 100%

In the 1st district, Robert Marion (DR) resigned on December 4, 1810 and was replaced in a special election by Langdon Cheves (DR)

Tennessee[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[8]
Tennessee 1
Known as the Washington district
John Rhea Democratic-Republican 1803 Re-elected John Rhea (DR) 100%
Tennessee 2
Known as the Hamilton district
George W. Campbell Democratic-Republican 1803 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Robert Weakley (DR) 47.4%
Abraham Maury (DR) 39.9%
James Lyon (DR) 12.6%
Tennessee 3
Known as the Mero district
Jesse Wharton Democratic-Republican 1807 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
Pleasant M. Miller (DR) 77.2%
Scattering 22.8%

Vermont[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
First ballot Second ballot
Vermont 1
Known as the Southwestern district
Previous incumbent James Witherell (DR) resigned May 1, 1808 Democratic-Republican hold Samuel Shaw[5] (DR)
Nathan Robinson (F)
Chauncey Langdon (F)
Jonas Galusha (DR)
Vermont 2
Known as the Southeastern district
James Elliot Federalist 1802 Retired
Federalist hold
Jonathan H. Hubbard (F) 45.4%
Aaron Leland (DR) 36.2%
William Czar Bradley (DR) 14.5%
Others 4.0%
Jonathan H. Hubbard (F) 51.6%
Aaron Leland (DR) 42.2%
William Czar Bradley (DR) 4.3%
Elias Keyes (DR) 1.4%
Vermont 3
Known as the Northeastern district
James Fisk Democratic-Republican 1802 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
Jedediah Buckingham (F) 47.9%
James Fisk (DR) 47.4%
William Chamberlain (F) 2.3%
Others 2.3%
William Chamberlain (F) 51.5%
James Fisk (DR) 47.7%
Others 0.8%
Vermont 4
Known as the Northwestern district
Martin Chittenden Federalist 1802 Re-elected Martin Chittenden (F) 59.9%
Ezra Butler (DR) 37.6%
Others 2.5%

Virginia[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Virginia 1 John G. Jackson Democratic-Republican 1803 Re-elected John G. Jackson (DR) 60.3%
Noah Linsey (F) 29.7%
Virginia 2 John Morrow Democratic-Republican 1805 Lost re-election
Federalist gain
James Stephenson (F) 57.6%
John Morrow (DR) 42.4%
Virginia 3 John Smith Democratic-Republican 1801 Re-elected John Smith (DR) 87.0%
Robert Page (F) 13.0%
Virginia 4 David Holmes Democratic-Republican 1797 Retired
Federalist gain
Jacob Swoope (F) 53.7%
Daniel Smith (DR) 46.3%
Virginia 5 Alexander Wilson Democratic-Republican 1804 (special) Lost re-election
Federalist gain
James Breckinridge (F) 56.7%
Alexander Wilson (DR) 43.3%
Virginia 6 Abram Trigg Democratic-Republican 1797 Retired
Federalist gain
Daniel Sheffey (F) 66.6%
Francis Preston (DR) 33.4%
Virginia 7 Joseph Lewis, Jr. Federalist 1803 Re-elected Joseph Lewis, Jr. (F) 62.0%
William Tyler (DR) 38.0%
Virginia 8 Walter Jones Democratic-Republican 1803 Re-elected Walter Jones[5] (DR)
John Hungerford (DR)
John Talavar (DR)
Richard Barnes (F)
Virginia 9 John Love Democratic-Republican 1807 Re-elected John Love[14] (DR)
Virginia 10 John Dawson Democratic-Republican 1797 Re-elected John Dawson (DR) 100%
Virginia 11 James M. Garnett Democratic-Republican 1805 Retired
Democratic-Republican hold
John Roane (DR) 53.7%
John T. Woodford (F) 46.3%
Virginia 12 Burwell Bassett Democratic-Republican 1805 Re-elected Burwell Bassett (DR) 57.4%
John Eyre (F) 42.6%
Virginia 13 William A. Burwell Democratic-Republican 1806 (special) Re-elected William A. Burwell (DR) 100%
Virginia 14 Matthew Clay Democratic-Republican 1797 Re-elected Matthew Clay (DR) 100%
Virginia 15 John Randolph Democratic-Republican 1799 Re-elected John Randolph (DR) 71.5%
Jerman Baker (DR) 28.5%
Virginia 16 John W. Eppes Democratic-Republican 1803 Re-elected John W. Eppes (DR) 100%
Virginia 17 Thomas Gholson, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1808 (special) Re-elected Thomas Gholson, Jr. (DR) 94.9%
Jarvis Northampton (F) 5.1%
Virginia 18 Peterson Goodwyn Democratic-Republican 1803 Re-elected Peterson Goodwyn (DR) 70.5%
John Pegram (F?) 29.5%
Virginia 19 Edwin Gray Democratic-Republican 1799 Re-elected Edwin Gray (DR) 54.5%
Richard Byrd 37.5%
William Massenburg (DR) 8.0%
Virginia 20 Thomas Newton, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1799 Re-elected Thomas Newton, Jr. (DR) 60.1%
Robert B. Tayler (F) 39.9%
Virginia 21 Wilson C. Nicholas Democratic-Republican 1807 Re-elected Wilson C. Nicholas (DR) 100%
Virginia 22 John Clopton Democratic-Republican 1801 Re-elected John Clopton 80.7% (DR)
Charles Dabney (Quid) 19.3%

In the 1st district, John G. Jackson (DR) resigned September 28, 1810 due to injuries received after a duel with fellow Congressman Joseph Pearson (F) of North Carolina and was replaced by William McKinley (DR) in a special election.

In the 21st district, Wilson C. Nicholas (DR) resigned on November 27, 1809, and was replaced in a special election by David S. Garland (DR).

Non-voting delegates[edit]

Three territories sent non-voting delegates to the 11th Congress.

District Incumbent First
elected
Result Candidates
Indiana Territory at-large Indiana Territory did not elect a delegate before the 11th Congress convened Jonathan Jennings 46.6%
Thomas Randolph 43.8%
John Johnson 8.8%
Mississippi Territory at-large George Poindexter 1806 Re-elected George Poindexter[15]
Thomas H. Williams
Others
Orleans Territory at-large Daniel Clark 1806 Retired Julien de L. Poydras 20
Watkins[16] 5

In Indiana Territory, Thomas Randolph unsuccessfully contested the election of Jennings. This was the first election for Delegate in Indiana Territory to be decided by popular vote rather than by the legislature. Mississippi Territory also elected its delegate by popular vote. Orleans Territory retained legislative election of its delegate.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Includes 1 plural district
  2. ^ Redistricted, includes 2 plural districts
  3. ^ Includes 4 plural districts
  4. ^ Majority required for election which was not met in two districts, necessitating a second election, held on December 13, 1808
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Source does not give numbers of votes or has incomplete data
  6. ^ Elected in subsequent special election
  7. ^ In Vermont
  8. ^ a b c Only candidates with at least 1% of the vote listed
  9. ^ Election details from ourcampaigns.com
  10. ^ Election details from ourcampaigns.com
  11. ^ Congressional roster for the 11th Congress
  12. ^ Wilkes University Elections Statistics Project
  13. ^ a b Won special election to fill vacancy in 10th Congress
  14. ^ Source does not have numbers of votes, but provides a citation stating that he was "elected without opposition in one county and by a great majority in the other" [1], his opponent or opponents in that county is not given
  15. ^ Electoral data in source are incomplete, the top two candidates received 1,067 and 657 votes respectively, numbers of votes for the other candidates is only reported for some counties
  16. ^ Source does not give full name