From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
- 1 Richard Anderson
- 2 Marc Andreessen
- 3 Simon Blackburn
- 4 Peter Drucker
- 5 Ben Goertzel
- 6 William Harrison
- 7 Francis Heylighen
- 8 Steve Jones
- 9 Stuart Kauffman
- 10 Carol Kuhlthau
- 11 Ervin Laszlo
- 12 John McCarthy
- 13 Gordon Pask
- 14 Boyd Rayward
- 15 Parker Rossman
- 16 James Tully
- 17 Herbert Wells
- 18 References
- The Future of Reading Research
- Reading Research into the Year 2000, eds. Anne P. Sweet, and Judith I. Anderson, pp. 17-36.
- Director of Center for the Study of Reading (the former national reading center), University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
- Mosaic Web Browser
- University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (NCSA-UIUC)
- ``Scholars generally agree [...] that the turning point for the World Wide Web began with the introduction of the Mosaic Web browser in 1993, a graphical browser developed by a team at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (NCSA-UIUC), led by Marc Andreessen. Funding for Mosaic came from the High-Performance Computing and Communications Initiative, a funding program initiated by then-Senator Al Gore's High Performance Computing and Communication Act of 1991, also known as the Gore Bill (See Al Gore's contributions to the Internet and technology for more information.) Prior to the release of Mosaic, graphics were not commonly mixed with text in Web pages, and its popularity was less than older protocols in use over the Internet, such as Gopher and Wide Area Information Servers (WAIS). Mosaic's graphical user interface allowed the Web to become, by far, the most popular Internet protocol.``
- Essays in Quasi-realism
- Post-capitalist Society
- HarperBusiness, New York, 1993.
- ``The change in the meaning of knowledge that began two hundred fifty years ago has transformed society and economy. Formal knowledge is seen as both the key personal and the key economic resource. [...] [K]nowledge proves itself in action. What we now mean by knowledge is information effective in action, information focused on results. [...] The actual products of the pharmaceutical industry is knowledge; pill and prescription ointment are no more than packaging for knowledge.`` (p.42)
- The Structure of Intelligence: A New Mathematical Model of Mind
- The Evolving Mind
- Gordon and Breach
- Chaotic Logic: Language, Thought and Reality From the Perspective of Complex Systems Science
- Plenum Press, 1994
- Linus Pauling: A Life in Science and Politics
- Basic Books, 1995 (written with his father Ted Goertzel)
- From Complexity to Creativity
- Plenum Press, 1997
- The Principia Cybernetica Project: Placing the Web at the Center of Man's Quest for Knowledge, 2000 
- cf. Francis Heylighen below
- Subject-Oriented Programming - A Critique of Pure Objects
- Proceedings of 1993 Conference on Object-Oriented Programming Systems, Languages, and Applications, September 1993.
- Subject-oriented programming > Separation of concerns > Separation of presentation and content > William W. Tunnicliffe > Markup language > SGML > Sharon C. Adler, Anders Berglund and James A. Marke
- Cf. Aspect-oriented programming (1997)
- Electronic Networking for Philosophical Development in the Principia Cybernetica Project
- Informatica (Slovenia) 17(3): (with Cliff Joslyn 1993)
- Cliff Joslyn. "On Possibilistic Automata." EUROCAST 1993: 231-242
- Cliff Joslyn, Francis Heylighen & Valentin Turchin (1993). "Synopsis of the Principia Cybernetica Project". in: Proc. 13th Int. Congress on Cybernetics, p. 509-513
- Francis Heylighen, Cliff Joslyn & Valentin Turchin (1991). "A Short Introduction to the Principia Cybernetica Project." Journal of Ideas, 2(1), p. 26-29
- Principia Cybernetica initiated by Cliff Joslyn (1989)
- The title of the book is partly the result of Jones' regular use of a metaphor of nucleotides as letters, codons as words and genes as sentences, but also reflecting Jones' short explanation of language's role in human evolution.
- Origins of Order: Self-Organization and Selection in Evolution
- Oxford University Press, Technical monograph.
- Kauffman is best known for arguing that the complexity of biological systems and organisms might result as much from self-organization and far-from-equilibrium dynamics as from Darwinian natural selection.
- complex system
- Seeking Meaning: A Process Approach to Library and Information Services
- Ablex Publishing Corp., 1993
- The Evolution of Cognitive Maps: New Paradigms for the Twenty-first Century
- Ervin Laszlo, Ignazio Masulli, Robert Artigiani and Vilmos Csanyi (eds.)
- Edward Tolman (1948) "Cognitive Maps in Rats and Men," Psychological Review, 55, 189-208.
- Peter Russell (1975) "mind map"
- Harold Lasswell (1975) "conceptual map"
- Robert Axelrod (1976) "cognitive map"
- Peter Chen (1976) "entity-relationship model"
- Dedre Gentner (1983) Mental Models
- Philip Johnson-Laird (1983) Mental Models
- Ogden & Richards (1923) "psychological context" cf. "literary" and "external"
- mindset, cognitive bias, confirmation bias, paradigm
- context, hypertext, subtext
- Notes on Formalizing Context
- In: IJCAI, 555-562 
- ``These notes contain some of the reasoning behind the proposals of [McCarthy, 1987] to introduce contexts as formal objects. The present proposals are incomplete and tentative. In particular the formulas are not what we will eventually want, and I will feel free to use formulas in discussions of different applications that aren't always compatible with each other. [While I dithered, R.V. Guha wrote his dissertation.]`` (Opening passage)
- cf. R. V. Guha (1991) Contexts: A Formalization and Some Applications (Stanford PhD Thesis)
- cf. Y. Shoham (1991) "Varieties of Context," in: Artificial Intelligence and Mathematical Theories of Computation, Academic Press, San Diego and London
- cf. Herbert A. Simon (1991) Literary Criticism: A Cognitive Approach
- cf. John McCarthy (1987). "Generality in Artificial Intelligence," Communications of the ACM, Vol. 30, No. 12, pp. 1030-1035. Also in ACM Turing Award Lectures, The First Twenty Years, ACM Press
- cf. John McCarthy (1979a). "Ascribing Mental Qualities to Machines," in: Philosophical Perspectives in Artificial Intelligence, Ringle, Martin (ed.), Harvester Press, July 1979.
- Interactions of Actors: Theory and Some Applications
- Gordon Pask and Gerard de Zeeuw Volume 1: Outline and Overview (Drast Last edit April 1993 Still unpublished)
- Nick Green (2004) "Axioms from Interactions of Actors Theory," Kybernetes, vol. 33, no. 9/10 (PDF)
- Some Schemes for Restructuring and Mobilising Information in Documents: A Historical Perspective
- Information Processing and Management, 30: 163-175
- The Emerging Worldwide Electronic University: Information Age Global Higher Education
- Westport CT: Praeger. amazon.com
- Parker Rossman (1987). "The Coming Great Electronic Encyclopedia." Education Digest, December, pp. 64-66.
- See also: Parker Rossman (2002)
- An Approach to Political Philosophy: Locke in Contexts
- Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521436389, ISBN 9780521436380. Google Preview
- (1988) Meaning and Context: Quentin Skinner and His Critics
- Richard Rorty et al. eds. (1984) Philosophy in History
Excerpt from "Introduction"
- World Brain: H. G. Wells on the Future of World Education
- Adamantine Classics for the 21st Century. (New edition)
- Alan J. Mayne. "Critical Introduction," pp. 1-70.
- Ludwig Wittgenstein, Philosophical investigations, tr. G. E. M. Anscombe (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1988), section 127.
- See James Tully, 'Wittgenstein and political philosophy', Political theory 17, 2 (May 1989), 172-204, and the methodological writings of Quentin Skinner, to which I am greatly indebted, in Meaning and context: Quentin Skinner and his critics, ed. James Tully (Cambridge: Polity Press, 1988).