Utnapishtim

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Utnapishtim, or Utanapishtim, is a character in the epic of Gilgamesh who is tasked by Enki (Ea) to abandon his worldly possessions and create a giant ship to be called The Preserver of Life. He was also tasked with bringing his wife, family, and relatives along with the craftsmen of his village, baby animals and grains.[1] The oncoming flood would wipe out all animals and humans that were not on the ship, similar to that of the Noah's Ark story. After twelve days on the water, Utnapishtim opened the hatch of his ship to look around and saw the slopes of Mount Nisir, where he rested his ship for seven days. On the seventh day, he sent a dove out to see if the water had receded, and the dove could find nothing but water, so it returned. Then he sent out a swallow, and just as before, it returned, having found nothing. Finally, Utnapishtim sent out a raven, and the raven saw that the waters had receded, so it circled around, but did not return. Utnapishtim then set all the animals free, and made a sacrifice to the gods. The gods came, and because he had preserved the seed of man while remaining loyal and trusting of his gods, Utnapishtim and his wife were given immortality, as well as a place among the heavenly gods.

Role in the epic[edit]

In the Epic, overcome with the death of his friend Enkidu, the hero Gilgamesh sets out on a series of journeys to search for his ancestor Utanapishtim (Xisouthros) who lives at the mouth of the rivers and has been given eternal life. Utnapishtim counsels Gilgamesh to abandon his search for immortality but tells him about a plant that can make him young again. Gilgamesh obtains the plant from the bottom of a river but a snake steals it, and Gilgamesh returns home to the city of Uruk having abandoned hope of either immortality or renewed youth.

Relation to Judaism[edit]

Some biblical scholars have compared the Mesopotamian myth of Gilgamesh to that of Nimrod, the King of Babel in the Old Testament, and that Utnapishtim was the Babylonian name for Noah. In similar fashion to the Old Testament, Gilgamesh seeks the secret to immortality from Utnapishtim just as Nimrod sought Kabbalic enlightenment from Abraham so that he could continue expanding his powers over the world. Gilgamesh is also cited as being hostile to the gods for sending down the flood; Nimrod too declared opposition to God in the Old Testament in an oath of revenge over the ravages of the Great Flood. The story ends with Utnapishtim deceiving Gilgamesh into a fools journey for a relic promising immortality; Abraham is cited in the Talmud for defeating Nimrod using Kabbalic talents.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rosenberg, Donna (1994). World Mythology: An Anthology of the Great Myths and Epics. Lincolnwood, Chicago: National Textbook Company. pp. 196–200. ISBN 0-8442-5765-6.