Uvea (Wallis and Futuna)

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For the island constituting the Chiefdom of Uvea, see Wallis (island).
Uvea
ʻUvea
Chiefdom
Flag of Uvea
Flag
Wallis island (Chiefdom of Uvea) showing the 3 districts
Wallis island (Chiefdom of Uvea) showing the 3 districts
Coordinates: 13°17′S 176°12′W / 13.283°S 176.200°W / -13.283; -176.200Coordinates: 13°17′S 176°12′W / 13.283°S 176.200°W / -13.283; -176.200
Country  France
Territory  Wallis and Futuna
Island Wallis
Capital Mata-Utu
Area
 • Total 159 km2 (61 sq mi)
Population (2013 census)
 • Total 8,584
 • Density 54/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+12
No. of districts 3
No. of municipalities 21
Map of Wallis island

ʻUvea (Wallisian: ʻUvea, French: Royaume coutumiers de Uvea) is one of the three official chiefdoms (Royaume coutumiers) of the French territory of Wallis and Futuna (the other two being Sigave and Alo) in Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean.

Geography[edit]

Overview[edit]

ʻUvea encompasses the whole of Wallis Island and the surrounding islets. The total area of the kingdom is 96 km² with a population of 10,731 spread over three districts. The capital and largest village is Matāʻutu situated on the east coast with a population of 1,100).

Administrative division[edit]

The chiefdom counts 3 districts and 21 municipalities:[1]

Districts
District Population
(Census 2013)
Hihifo 2,009
Hahake 3,529
Mu'a 3,046
Municipal villages
Village Population District
Alele 839 Hihifo
Vaitupu 607 Hihifo
Mala'e 498 Hihifo
Vailala 446 Hihifo
Tufuone 237 Hihifo
Mata'utu 1,266 Hahake
Liku 688 Hahake
Falaleu 650 Hahake
Aka'aka 538 Hahake
Ahoa 464 Hahake
Haafuasia 419 Hahake
Utufua 736 Mua
Halalo 637 Mua
Vaimalau 529 Mua
Lavegahau 379 Mua
Teesi 284 Mua
Malaefoou 279 Mua
Gahi 271 Mua
Tepa 246 Mua
Haatofo 239 Mua
Kolopopo 176 Mua
Other villages[2]
Village Population District
Alofivai 437 Hahake
Fineveke ? Mua

History[edit]

Talietumu archaeological site
Uvean flag between 1860 and 1896

ʻUvea has probably been inhabited by Polynesians since 15th century CE and was then part of the Tu'i Tonga Empire. The two archaeological sites of Talietumu and Tonga Toto are remains from that period.

The kingdom of ʻUvea was founded sometimes in the 15th century and the monarch was titled Tuʻi ʻUvea (king).[3]

April 5, 1887 the island became a French Protectorate after queen Amelia Tokagahahau Aliki signed a treaty with France but keeping her royal powers.

In 1888 Sigave and Alo also signed the treaty with France thus creating the "Wallis and Futuna Islands Protectorate".

In 1961 the status was upgraded to being a French overseas territory (territoire d'outre-mer) and in 2003 Wallis and Futuna became a French overseas collectivity (collectivité d'outre-mer), but the local royal powers continue.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]